Widely recognized as a classic account of the circumstances, issues, andconsequences of Galileo's tragic confrontation with the theologians, Galileo, Science and the Church is now available in a sewn, clothbound edition for the first time in more than thirty years. Langford's book is cited in much of the Galileo literature of the past three decades, and it has been in print continuously since 1971 in paperback. It is used in courses at numerous colleges and universities. The present text is the third edition, updated and expanded with a survey of the most important advances in recent Galileo studies. In it, Langford assesses the validity of his own account while making the modifications dictated by recent scholarship. Once again, the author makes clear that this timeless drama has much to teach us about the enduring conflict between authority and the freedom of thought and expression.