Gr 9 Up-This book addresses factors that influence gang behavior, how widespread the problem of gangs is, if the criminal-justice system can reduce gang violence, and how society can end the threat of this violence. Articles and excerpts from books, think-tank reports, and academic publications produced between 1996-1999 are the sources of opinions. Only one article deals with white gangs, even though neo-Nazi or hate groups are one of the fastest growing types in the U.S. Guiding questions accompany each chapter for use by teachers or discussion leaders. Gangs originally appeared in the "Opposing Viewpoints" series in 1996; Gangs in the "Opposing Viewpoints Digests Series" was published in 1997. Questions addressed in this volume reflect changes in the culture and growth of gangs, male and female, across the U.S. The writing ranges from dry to lively, depending on the source, and is accessible to advanced readers. A serviceable title for some junior high and most high school as well as public libraries.-Gail Richmond, San Diego Unified Schools, CA Copyright 2001 Cahners Business Information.