Gated Communities?

Gated Communities?

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Overview

Contrary to earlier views of preindustrial Europe as an essentially sedentary society, research over the past decades has amply demonstrated that migration was a pervasive characteristic of early modern Europe. In this volume, the theme of urban migration is explored through a series of historical contexts, journeying from sixteenth-century Antwerp, Ulm, Lille and Valenciennes, through seventeenth-century Berlin, Milan and Rome, to eighteenth-century Strasbourg, Trieste, Paris and London. Each chapter demonstrates how the presence of diverse and often temporary groups of migrants was a core feature of everyday urban life, which left important marks on the demographic, economic, social, political, and cultural characteristics of individual cities. The collection focuses on the interventions by urban authorities and institutions in a wide-ranging set of domains, as they sought to stimulate, channel and control the newcomers' movements and activities within the cities and across the cities' borders. While striving for a broad geographical and chronological coverage in a comparative perspective, the volume aims to enhance our insight into the different factors that shaped urban migration policies in different European settings west of the Elbe. By laying bare the complex interactions of actors, interests,
conflicts, and negotiations involved in the regulation of migration, the case studies shed light on the interrelations between burghership, guilds, relief arrangements, and police in the incorporation of newcomers and in shaping the shifting boundaries between wanted and unwanted migrants. By relating to a common analytical framework, presented in the introductory chapter, they engage in a comparative discussion that allows for the formulation of general insights and the identification of long term transformations that transcend the time and place specificities of the case studies in question. The introduction and final chapters connect insights derived from the individual case-study chapters to present wide ranging conclusions that resonate with both historical and present-day debates on migration.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781409431299
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 01/16/2012
Pages: 312
Product dimensions: 6.25(w) x 9.25(h) x 23.00(d)

About the Author

Prof. Dr Bert De Munck, Universiteit Antwerpen, Belgium and Dr Anne Winter, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium.

Table of Contents

Contents: Regulating migration in early modern cities: an introduction, Bert De Munck and Anne Winter; Part I Repertoires of Inclusion and Exclusion: Guilds and Citizenship: Migrant workers and illicit labour: regulating the immigration of building workers in 16th-century Antwerp, Jan De Meester; Craft guilds and immigration: Huguenots in German and English cities, Ulrich Niggemann; Heresy, war, vagrancy and labour needs: dealing with temporary migrants in the textile towns of Flanders, Artois and Hainaut in the wake of the Dutch Revolt (1566-1609), Yves Junot; Local categories of residence redefined: the former imperial city of Strasbourg and the politics of the French crown (1681-1789), Hanna Sonkajärvi. Part II Instruments of Regulation: Policies and Policing: Who is not welcome? Reception and rejection of migrants in early modern Italian cities, Eleonora Canepari; Immigration policy in 18th-century Trieste, Aleksej Kalc; Urban police and the regulation of migration in 18th-century France, Vincent Milliot. Part III Crossing the Lines: Begging and Poor Relief: Magistrates, beggars, and labourers: migration and regulation in 16th-century Ulm, Jason P. Coy; Regulating urban migration and relief entitlements in 18th-century Brabant, Anne Winter; Rough lives: autobiography and migration in 18th-century England, Tim Hitchcock. Part IV Comparisons and Conclusions: Cities, states and migration control in Western Europe: comparing then and now, Leo Lucassen; Conclusions, Leslie Page Moch; Bibliography; Index.

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