"The Gates Unbarred" traces the evolution of University Extension at Harvard from the Lyceum movement in Boston to its creation by the newly appointed president A. Lawrence Lowell in 1910. For a century University Extension has provided community access to Harvard, including the opportunity for women and men to earn a degree.
In its storied history, University Extension played a pioneering role In American continuing higher education: initiating educational radio courses with Harvard professors in the late 1940s, followed by collegiate television courses for credit in the 1950s, and more recently Harvard College courses available online. In the 1960s a two-year curriculum was prepared for the U.S. nuclear navy ("Polaris University"), and in the early 1970s Extension responded to community needs by reaching out to Cambridge and Roxbury with special applied programs.
This history is not only about special programs but also about remarkable people, from the distinguished members of the Harvard faculty who taught evenings in Harvard Yard to the singular students who earned degrees, ranging from the youngest ALB at age eighteen, to the oldest ALB and ALM recipients, both aged eighty-nine-and both records at Harvard University.
"The Gates Unbarred" is the long-awaited full-scale history of a noteworthy Harvard school and tradition.
About the Author
Michael Shinagel is Dean of Harvard Extension School.
Table of Contents
Image Credits ix
Introduction: Harvard After Dark xiii
Chapter I Genesis: The Benefactor John Lowell, Jr. 1
Chapter II The Lowell Institute of Boston: John Amory Lowell, the First Trustee 9
Chapter III Pro Bono Publico: President A. Lawrence Lowell and the Creation of the Commission on Extension Courses 15
Chapter IV The Formative Years of University Extension: James Hardy Ropes, Dean (1910-22) 29
Chapter V University Extension at Steady State under Arthur F. Whittem, Director (1922-46), and George W. Adams, Director (1946-49) 47
Chapter VI A New Beginning for University Extension: The Early Years of Reginald H. Phelps, Director (1949-60) 67
Chapter VII The Commission on Extension Courses, WGBH-TV, and the US Navy Create Collegiate Programs: From "Polaris University" to PACE (Program for Afloat College Education), (1960-72) 85
Chapter VIII University Extension's Community Outreach in a Time of Crisis (1968-75) 99
Chapter IX The Second Half-Century: The Later Years of Reginald H. Phelps, Director (1960-75) 109
Chapter X University Extension Unbound and Transformed: The Early Years of Michael Shinagel, Director and Dean (1975-85) 119
Chapter XI New Programs, New Constituencies, and an Expanding National and International Reach (1986-99) 143
Chapter XII Passage to India: Creation of the Indian Computer Academy in Bangalore, India (1989-94) 159
Chapter XIII University Extension Courses Go Online: From Teleteaching to Distance Education (1984 to the Present) 199
Chapter XIV Harvard University Extension in the Twenty-First Century: New Professional Degree Programs (2000 to the Present) 199
Chapter XV Conclusion: A Century of Service 219
Appendix A Lowell Lecturers and Their Topics (1980-2009) 227
Appendix B Text of Public Statement regarding Harvard University's Division of Continuing Education's Cessation of Affiliation with the Indian Computer Academy, Bangalore, India 231
About the author 248