Gauguin and Impressionism

Gauguin and Impressionism




Paul Gauguin was introduced into the Impressionist circle by Camille Pissarro and contributed major works to five of the eight Impressionist exhibitions between 1879 and 1886. During these years he transformed himself from a banker-stockbroker into a professional artist and from a family man into a solitary searcher for artistic, moral, and spiritual truths. Yet this vital period of Gauguin’s life has usually been dismissed as an awkward prelude to his brilliant career as an anti-Impressionist. This handsomely illustrated book reconsiders Gauguin’s apprenticeship as an Impressionist and reassesses his contributions to the movement through the extraordinarily subtle and beautiful paintings, sculpture, and ceramic works he created during the years before 1887.

Richard R. Brettell and Anne-Birgitte Fonsmark argue that Gauguin’s Impressionist paintings compare in quality to those of Sisley, Morisot, or Cassatt and that as a sculptor he was second only to Degas. His sculptures and ceramics were even more searching and radical than his early paintings and are crucial to the understanding of his development. Gauguin grappled with the thorniest issues debated by the French avant-garde, the authors contend, and no member of the Impressionist group created works as enigmatic or as wideranging, both artistically and emotionally.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780300134346
Publisher: Yale University Press
Publication date: 06/04/2007
Pages: 366
Product dimensions: 9.70(w) x 11.10(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

Richard R. Brettell is Margaret McDermott Distinguished Professor of Art and Aesthetics at the University of Texas at Dallas and the author of Pissarro and Pontoise, The Impressionist and the City, and Monet to Moore, all published by Yale University Press. Anne-Birgitte Fonsmark is director of the Ordrupgaard Museum in Copenhagen.

Table of Contents

Lenders to the Exhibitionvii
Directors' Forewordix
Curators' Acknowledgments1
Was Gauguin an Impressionist? A Prelude to Post-Impressionism4
IBecoming an Artist-Collector
Gauguin's Life and Visual World, 1848-187210
Gauguin as an Amateur Painter, 1872-187922
Gauguin the Collector, Gauguin the Impressionist44
IIBecoming an Impressionist Painter-Sculptor
Gauguin's Debut as a Sculptor70
Gauguin's Paintings in the Impressionist Exhibition of 188080
Gauguin Makes Objects96
Gauguin's Paintings in the Impressionist Exhibition of 1881108
Gauguin and "Impressionist Sculptors"126
Gauguin's Paintings in the Impressionist Exhibition of 1882148
IIIAn Interlude
The Impressionist Breakdown: Gauguin in Paris, Pontoise, and Osny, 1882-1883168
The Sculpture Mania, 1882190
IVGauguin in Domestic Exile
Artiste-Peintre in Rouen196
A Painter-Philosopher Develops224
Representant de Commerce in Copenhagen232
VUnbecoming an Impressionist
Painting Alone in France: Before the Final Impressionist Group Exhibition258
Gauguin's Humiliation as an Impressionist: The 1886 Exhibition278
A Painter-Sculptor Makes Ceramics286
Gauguin Flees Paris: Brittany and Beyond316
Checklist of Gauguin's Collection346
Selected Bibliography357
Photograph Credits360

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