Since the return of democracy to Latin America, policies intended to promote the inclusion of women and other underrepresented groups have been increasingly adopted throughout the region. Gender quotas have been one of the most popular and effective mechanisms employed in elections and other contexts in Latin America. This volume begins with an introduction to gender quotas, including discussion of the types and merits of gender quotas, alternative approaches to the study of quotas, and their interactions with different kinds of electoral systems.
Successive chapters examine the adoption of gender quotas and their impacts in the three largest South American countries by areaArgentina, Brazil, and Peruat both national and subnational levels. These chapters also focus on specific topics that stand out in the unique experiences of these countries: substantive representation in the case of Argentina, gender and campaign finance in the case of Brazil, and regional differences in the impact of electoral rules in the case of Peru. Through careful analysis, this volume presents a nuanced picture of how different types of electoral systems may affect the election of women and the effectiveness of quotas.
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About the Author
Adriana Piatti-Crocker is associate professor of political science at the University of Illinois, Springfield.
Gregory D. Schmidt is professor of political science at the University of Texas at El Paso.
Clara Araújo is professor and researcher at the Graduate Program in Social Sciences at the University of the State of Rio de Janeiro.
Table of Contents
1. Gender, Descriptive Representation, and Legislative Behavior in Post-Quota Argentina
2. Gendered Policies in the Argentine Provinces: A Showcase of Uneven Implementation
3. Electoral Quotas at the National Level in Brazil: An Arduous Road to Nowhere?
4. Quotas at Subnational Levels in Brazil: More Dead-End Roads?
5. Quotas in Peruvian Congressional Elections: Success under Open List Proportional Representation
6. Quotas in Peruvian Municipal and Regional Elections: Accidental Success in Majoritarian Systems
7. Ballot Structure and Regional Context: A Comparison of Lima and the Provinces