Study the Books of Exodus and Leviticus, beginning with Moses’s story and ending with the priests and their duties. Some of the major ideas explored are: Passover and exodus, covenant laws, instructions carried out, worship and laws.
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This revision of the Abingdon classic Genesis to Revelation Series is a comprehensive, verse-by-verse, book-by-book study of the Bible based on the NIV. These studies help readers strengthen their understanding and appreciation of the Bible by enabling them to engage the Scripture on three levels:
- What does the Bible say? Questions to consider while reading the passage for each session.
- What does the passage mean? Unpacks key verses in the selected passage.
- How does the Scripture relate to my life? Provides three major ideas that have meaning for our lives today. The meaning of the selected passages are made clear by considering such aspects as ancient customs, locations of places, and the meanings of words.
The meaning of the selected passages are made clear by considering such aspects as ancient customs, locations of places, and the meanings of words. The simple format makes the study easy to use. Includes maps and glossary with key pronunciation helps.Updates will include:
- New cover designs.
- New interior designs.
- Leader Guide per matching Participant Book (rather than multiple volumes in one book).
- Updated to 2011 revision of the New International Version Translation (NIV).
- Updated references to New Interpreters Dictionary of the Bible.
- Include biblical chapters on the contents page beside session lesson titles for at-a-glance overview of biblical structure.
- Include larger divisions within the contents page to reflect macro-structure of each biblical book. Ex: Genesis 1-11; Genesis 12-50; Exodus 1-15; Exodus 16-40; Isaiah 1-39; Isaiah 40-66.
The simple format makes the study easy to use. Each volume is 13 sessions and has a separate leader guide.
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THE STORY OF MOSES
DIMENSION ONE: WHAT DOES THE BIBLE SAY?
Answer these questions by reading Exodus 1
1. What are the names of Jacob's sons who go with him into Egypt? (Exodus 1:1-4)
2. Which of Jacob's sons does not go with him into Egypt? Why? (Exodus 1:5)
3. What do the Egyptians force the people of Israel to do? (Exodus 1:11, 14)
4. Why do the Egyptians come to dread the people of Israel? (Exodus 1:12)
5. What command does the king of Egypt give to the Hebrew midwives? (Exodus 1:16)
6. Why do the midwives disobey the king of Egypt? (Exodus 1:17)
7. What command does the king of Egypt give to all his subjects? (Exodus 1:22)
Answer these questions by reading Exodus 2
8. To which tribe of the Israelites do the parents of the baby boy (Moses) belong? (Exodus 2:1-2)
9. How does the Levite woman attempt to save her son from death? (Exodus 2:3-4)
10. Who nurses the baby boy for Pharaoh's daughter? (Exodus 2:8)
11. Why does Moses kill the Egyptian? (Exodus 2:11-12)
12. With what family does Moses dwell in Midian? (Exodus 2:16-21)
13. When God hears the groans of the people of Israel in their bondage, what does God do? (Exodus 2:24)
Answer these questions by reading Exodus 3
14. Where does Moses lead the flock he is shepherding? (Exodus 3:1)
15. What makes the burning bush seem like a "strange sight" to Moses? (Exodus 3:2-3)
16. How does God describe the relationship with Moses? (Exodus 3:6)
17. What name does God reveal to Moses at the place of the burning bush? (Exodus 3:14)
18. What are the Hebrews to take with them when they leave Egypt, and where are they to get it? (Exodus 3:22)
Answer these questions by reading Exodus 4
19. Moses wants proof that God has appeared to him. What three signs does God give him? (Exodus 4:2-9)
20. What excuse does Moses give God to avoid returning to Egypt? (Exodus 4:10-13)
21. Who is Aaron? (Exodus 4:14)
22. Who goes with Moses to Egypt? (Exodus 4:20)
23. What does Zipporah do when God threatens Moses on the way back to Egypt? (Exodus 4:24-26)
24. When Aaron speaks to the people of Israel, how do they respond? (Exodus 4:31)
Answer these questions by reading Exodus 5
25. What is Pharaoh's response when Aaron and Moses ask him to let the people of Israel go? (Exodus 5:2)
26. How does Pharaoh further oppress the people of Israel after Aaron and Moses visit him? (Exodus 5:6-8)
27. With what charge does Moses confront God after Pharaoh increases the burdens of the people of Israel? (Exodus 5:22-23)
DIMENSION TWO: WHAT DOES THE BIBLE MEAN?
In Exodus 1–5, we find an introductory section describing the Israelites' bondage in Egypt (Chapter 1), an account of the birth and infancy of Moses (Chapter 2), God's call of Moses (Chapters 3–4), and a narrative of the first encounter of Moses and Aaron with Pharaoh (Chapter 5).
* Exodus 1:5. Whereas this verse numbers Jacob's descendants at seventy, in Acts 7:14 Stephen states that the number is seventy-five. Stephen bases his number on his reading of Exodus 1:5 in the Septuagint. The Septuagint is the Greek version of the Old Testament that was widely used in the early church. Stephen's Jewish audience was well acquainted with the Septuagint and did not question his use of it.
* Exodus 2:24-25. Verse 24 seems to imply that God had forgotten the people of Israel. But the Hebrew word translated here as "remembered" is better translated as "paid attention to." The Jewish Publication Society translates verse 25 as follows: "God looked upon the Israelites, and God took notice of them."
* Exodus 3:1. The Book of Exodus gives two names to the mountain of God — Horeb and Sinai. The Bible also contains two names for the mountain from which Moses looked over into the Promised Land — Mount Pisgah and Mount Nebo. (See Deuteronomy 34:1.) Sinai is the mountain of God to which Moses leads the Israelites after the Exodus. Sinai is also the mountain on which God gives Moses the Law. (See Exodus 19–24.) Elijah also made a journey to this holy mountain. (See 1 Kings 19:4-8.)
* Exodus 3:13-15. The name of God in Hebrew is Yahweh. Most English Bibles translate this word as "LORD." The name may mean "he who is," which expresses the eternal nature of God, or "he who causes to be," which emphasizes the creative and sustaining power of God.
* Exodus 4:21. In this verse, the writer describes the power of the Lord. Yahweh's realm extends beyond the band of Hebrews into Egypt. The writer emphasizes that God controls all — that nothing is beyond God's power or grasp. The signs Moses performs call the Egyptians to a belief in the one God. However, the pharaoh chooses to resist. Pharaoh's own obstinacy causes him to reject the signs, and so God hardens the pharaoh's heart.
* Exodus 4:24. Jewish commentators understand that Moses falls deathly ill. God is punishing him for his failure to circumcise his son. (See Genesis 17:14.) Zipporah apparently performs the rite because Moses is too sick to do so. Afterward, God leaves Moses alone. Perhaps the writer wants to make clear that Moses' wife, a Midianite, wants her son to bear the mark of circumcision. Circumcision makes this child a son of Abraham, and thus a son of the covenant.
DIMENSION THREE: WHAT DOES THE BIBLE MEAN TO ME?
Dimension Three provides four major ideas that have special meaning for our lives today.
Exodus 1:1-22 — Dealing With Fear
Notice that Joseph "meant nothing" to the new pharaoh and his people; they do not know about Joseph. As humans, we fear what we do not know. We also tend to react defensively to the unknown. So Pharaoh fears for his security and that of his people. He tries to control what he considers to be a threat. Exodus tells us that Egypt was full of these Israelites. In this case it was the sheer number of these Israelites that threatened Pharaoh. Pharaoh uses economic measures against the threatening group. When these efforts do not succeed, he turns to more violent means.
What is the Christian response to the unknown? How can your group or church deal with the problems that result from fear of the unknown? What does the following statement mean for the Christian who faces these types of problems: "There is no fear in love. But perfect love drives out fear" (1 John 4:18)?
Exodus 2:1-25 — The Providence of God
In our modern world, persons seldom refer to the providence of God. Instead, we speak of luck or good fortune. Where in this passage can you identify the hand of God in the events of Moses' life? As a Christian, do you sometimes attribute circumstances in your life to luck rather than to God? What can you do to become more aware of the providence of God in your life?
Exodus 3:1-12 — The Presence and Call of God
Moses finds the presence of God as he observes a bush burning in the Sinai desert. As a result of this experience, Moses develops a sense of divine mission in his life. He experiences a spectacular call from God, but even so he responds hesitantly to God. We all experience God's presence in different ways. How did you first experience the presence of God?
Does God call all Christians? (See Acts 2:39.) God called Moses to a unique and difficult task — to lead the people of Israel out of Egypt and to the Promised Land. What is God's purpose for you and other Christians today? (See Ephesians 1:11-14.)
Moses hesitates to do the will of God because he feels inadequate for the task. What causes Moses to become courageous after such a hesitant start? How can Christians overcome a sense of inadequacy and thereby become effective in fulfilling God's purpose in and through their lives? Does your group or church hesitate to fulfill its ministry? What can you do to help your church overcome any hesitation?
Exodus 5:4-23 — Dealing With Disappointment
Pharaoh increased the work requirements of the Israelites. Both Moses and the people of Israel felt that God had let them down. They were dejected. God had not delivered them as they had expected. Can you recall instances in your life or in the life of your church when disappointments led to a lack of trust in God? How can you learn to handle this type of problem?
Because his first effort before Pharaoh ended in failure, Moses thought God had failed him. How might God have looked upon this supposed failure? Would the people of Israel have trusted God more if the pharaoh had agreed to let them go immediately? Would the Exodus have been remembered through the ages if Moses had succeeded on the first try? How can our understanding of God's activities with Moses and the people of Israel help us cope with disappointments in our lives?CHAPTER 2
MOSES AND PHARAOHExodus 6–10
DIMENSION ONE: WHAT DOES THE BIBLE SAY?
Answer these questions by reading Exodus 6
1. What does the Lord promise Moses that Pharaoh will do? (Exodus 6:1)
2. By what name was the Lord known to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob? (Exodus 6:3)
3. What three things does the Lord promise to do for the people of Israel? (Exodus 6:6-8)
4. Why is Moses reluctant to go to the pharaoh again to tell him to let the people of Israel go? (Exodus 6:12)
5. What are the names of Aaron's wife and his sons? (Exodus 6:23)
Answer these questions by reading Exodus 7
6. What effect will God's deliverance of the Israelites have on the Egyptians? (Exodus 7:5)
7. What miracle do Moses and Aaron perform for Pharaoh? (Exodus 7:8-10)
8. What does Aaron's staff do to the staffs of the Egyptians? (Exodus 7:12)
9. What is the nature of the first plague? (Exodus 7:17)
10. How do the Egyptians suffer by this plague? (Exodus 7:18)
11. What is Pharaoh's reaction to this plague? (Exodus 7:2223)
Answer these questions by reading Exodus 8
12. What are the second, third, and fourth plagues? (Exodus 8:2-21)
13. What do the magicians of Egypt say to Pharaoh when they are unable to duplicate the third plague? (Exodus 8:19)
14. Why does the Lord keep the plague of flies away from the land of Goshen? (Exodus 8:22)
15. Where will Pharaoh allow the Hebrews to sacrifice, and why might the Egyptians stone the people of Israel if they sacrifice to the Lord in Egypt? (Exodus 8:25-26)
16. Where does Moses insist that the people of Israel go to sacrifice to the Lord? (Exodus 8:27)
Answer these questions by reading Exodus 9
17. What is the nature of the fifth plague? (Exodus 9:3)
18. Why does Pharaoh send to see if any livestock of the Israelites died in the plague? (Exodus 9:4-7)
19. What is the nature of the sixth plague? (Exodus 9:9)
20. Why are the magicians of Egypt unable to stand before Moses this time? (Exodus 9:11)
21. What is the purpose of the plagues? (Exodus 9:14)
22. Why does God not wipe the Egyptians from the earth? (Exodus 9:15-16)
23. What is the nature of the seventh plague? (Exodus 9:18)
24. Where in Egypt does no hail fall? (Exodus 9:26)
Answer these questions by reading Exodus 10
25. Why does the Lord harden Pharaoh's heart? (Exodus 10:1-2)
26. What is the nature of the eighth plague? (Exodus 10:4)
27. Why does Pharaoh tell the people to go worship the Lord? (Exodus 10:7-11)
28. What effect does the plague of locusts have upon Pharaoh? (Exodus 10:16-17)
29. How does Moses end the locust plague? (Exodus 10:1819)
30. What is the nature of the ninth plague? (Exodus 10:21)
31. Why does Moses insist that the livestock go with the people of Israel to serve the Lord? (Exodus 10:26)
DIMENSION TWO: WHAT DOES THE BIBLE MEAN?
In this lesson on Exodus 6–10, we read about God's commissioning of Moses and Aaron (Exodus 6) and the first nine plagues on Pharaoh and the land of Egypt (Exodus 7–10).
* Exodus 6:2-8. This passage is similar to Exodus 3:13-17. Here the writer affirms the relation of the name Yahweh, translated "the LORD," to God's personal involvement with the people Israel. This is the same God who established the covenant with Abraham (Genesis 17) and who has a covenant relationship with them now. The earlier name El Shaddai, translated "God Almighty" in verse 3, emphasizes God's awesome power. From this point on in biblical history the use of LORD for the name of God signifies a personal involvement with this covenant people.
* Exodus 6:6. God's arm represents the power to redeem, while the word outstretched describes the power in action. This power is usually manifested in the form of unusual events, such as God's mighty acts of redemption.
* Exodus 7:1. Both Moses and Aaron fulfill the role of prophet. They confront the Egyptian king with God's message, just as later Israelite prophets would confront their kings with warnings and rebukes.
* Exodus 7:11-12. The Bible condemns sorcery as evil. (See Exodus 22:18; Deuteronomy 18:10-12.) We see that God's holy power is superior to the evil forces when Aaron's rod swallows the others. Tradition remembers two of these Egyptian sorcerers as Jannes and Jambres, referred to in 2 Timothy 3:8.
* Exodus 7:17. The Egyptians worshiped the Nile. So this plague shows the power of the Lord over what the Hebrew writer considers to be only a part of nature. The other plagues also strike at Egyptian religious beliefs.
* Exodus 8:19. "The finger of God," like God's arm, represents God's power. (See Psalm 8:3; Luke 11:20.) Here the writer is emphasizing the superiority of the Lord over the Egyptian magicians.
* Exodus 8:26. The Israelites sacrificed cattle, which the Egyptians regarded as holy. The Egyptians also had numerous rigid regulations about making sacrifices, which the Israelites probably did not include in their ritual.
* Exodus 10:21-23. The sun was one of the most important Egyptian gods. This plague demonstrates God's power over the sun. The Israelites, on the other hand, had light. God is the true source of power and light.
DIMENSION THREE: WHAT DOES THE BIBLE MEAN TO ME?
Most of Exodus 6–10 provides a prelude for the main event that follows in our next lesson — the tenth plague and the Exodus. But two important ideas stand out in today's lesson that have meaning for Christians. These ideas are The Significance of Names and The Power of God to Redeem.
Exodus 6:2-8 — The Significance of Names
Names are very important in the Bible. They often express some characteristic of the person or that person's relationship to God and God's plan. The name David probably means "beloved one," and he was known as a man after God's heart. (See 1 Samuel 13:14; Acts 13:22.)
When a biblical name changes, it signifies a change in position, relationship, or responsibility. Thus Abram became Abraham when God promised that Abraham would become the father of many nations. (See Genesis 17:5.) God became known as Yahweh, the LORD, when beginning to fulfill the covenantal relationship with Israel. The name Jesus means "savior." Peter could say that "there is no other name under heaven given to mankind by which we must be saved" (Acts 4:12). Jesus taught us not only to know and love God personally but to address God as "Our Father," indicating that relationship. (See Matthew 6:9).
Saul's name became Paul early in his first missionary journey. He thus identified himself with the Greek world into which he went to preach the gospel. Believers were first called Christians at Antioch. (See Acts 11:26.) The name Christian means "one who adheres to Christ," and we are instructed not to be ashamed if we suffer as Christians. (See 1 Peter 4:16.) Our individual names are known to God and are written in (or missing from) the book of life. (See Revelation 20:11-15.)
In light of these Scriptures, we and our names are important to God, even as God's name is important to us. What can we do to show, as individuals and as a group, that we are children of our heavenly Father? Does it matter how we address God when we talk with others?
Exodus 9:13-16 — The Power of God to Redeem
You will recall that Moses was anxious to be able to correctly identify who had sent him. (See Exodus 3:13-17.) When Moses first appeared before Pharaoh, the Egyptian haughtily asked, "Who is the LORD, that I should obey him and let Israel go?" (Exodus 5:2). By Exodus 10:24, however, Pharaoh had come to know the name of the Lord because he had experienced repeatedly the power of the Lord to redeem.
How powerful is God? Compare this passage with Genesis 18:14 and with Isaiah 45:1-7. God exercised power in Egypt so that God's name might be proclaimed in all the earth. If that is God's intent, what does this mean for the children of God? How can we as individuals and as a group help the world recognize God's redemptive power today? In what ways is God's power visible to us today? Is recognizing God's power an important mission in the twenty-first century? Why or why not?(Continues…)
Excerpted from "Genesis to Revelation: Exodus, Leviticus Participant Book"
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Table of Contents
1. The Story of Moses (Exodus 1–5),
2. Moses and Pharaoh (Exodus 6–10),
3. Passover and Exodus From Egypt (Exodus 11–14),
4. The Desert Journey (Exodus 15–18),
5. The Covenant at Sinai (Exodus 19–20),
6. Covenant Laws (Exodus 21–27),
7. Cultic Instructions (Exodus 28–34),
8. Instructions Carried Out (Exodus 35–40),
9. Instructions for Sacrifices (Leviticus 1–5),
10. Cultic Worship (Leviticus 6–10),
11. Laws of Cleanness and Uncleanness (Leviticus 11–16),
12. Laws for Everyday Living (Leviticus 17–21),
13. The Priests and Their Duties (Leviticus 22–27),
Glossary of Terms,