In 1994, genocide put Rwanda on the map for most of the world. It also exposed one of the most shameful scandals of the Rwandan churches-the complicity of the Christian churches in the genocide. Rwanda is the most Christian country in Africa. More than 90% of its people are baptized Christians, with the Roman Catholic and Anglican Churches having the greatest number of adherents. According to Archbishop Desmond Tutu: "The story of Rwanda shows both sides of our humanity. The churches were sometimes quite superb in what they did in the face of intimidation and at great cost to themselves. But there were other times when [they] failed dismally and seemed to be implicated in ways that have left many disillusioned, disgruntled and angry." Genocide In Rwanda provides a variety of perspectives through which to assess the complex questions and issues surrounding the topic, and, even raise some new questions that could provide some new insight into this historical event. They are questions we must ask - otherwise, how can the Church begin to make moral restitution, change structures and behaviors, and once again reveal the human face of God in our fragile world?
|Publisher:||Paragon House Publishers|
|Product dimensions:||6.34(w) x 8.96(h) x 0.70(d)|
About the Author
Carol Rittner, R.S.M., is distinguished professor of holocaust and genocide studies at The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey.
Table of Contents
|Part I||The Church and Power||23|
|1.||Religion and the Rwandan Genocide: Some Preliminary Considerations||27|
|2.||Genocide in Rwanda 1994--An Anglican Perspective||37|
|3.||The Church and the Genocide in Rwanda||49|
|4.||The Church and Power: Responses to Genocide and Massive Human Rights Abuses in Comparative Perspective||65|
|Part II||The Church and People||79|
|A Small Country No More||81|
|5.||The Failure to Confront Evil--A Collective Responsibility: A Personal Reflection||83|
|6.||Rwanda--100 Days--1994: One Perspective||93|
|7.||Memory Never Forgets Miracles||111|
|8.||The Church and the Rwandan Tragedy of 1994: A Personal View||117|
|Part III||The Church and Responsibility||127|
|The Abyss of Horror||129|
|9.||Genocide and the Church in Rwanda: An Interview with Tom O'Hara, C.S.C.||131|
|10.||The Christian Churches and the Construction of a Genocidal Mentality in Rwanda||141|
|11.||The Rwandan Genocide and the British Religious Press--Roman Catholic, Anglican and Baptist||169|
|12.||Churches as Memorial Sites: A Photo Essay||181|
|Part IV||The Church and Complicity?||207|
|13.||From Kibeho to Medjugorje: The Catholic Church and Ethno-Nationalist Movements and Regimes||211|
|14.||The Church's Blind Eye to Genocide in Rwanda||229|
|15.||Two Convicted Rwandan Nuns||251|
|16.||Why the Churches Were Complicit: Confessions of a Broken-Hearted Christian||259|
|Epilogue: What Should Be Remembered?||269|
|Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide||279|
|Statute of the International Tribunal for Rwanda||281|
What People are Saying About This
Genocide in Rwanda: Complicity of the Churches is the result of a provocative exchange of scholars, journalists, priests, nuns, and human rights activists exploring the 1994 genocide in Rwanda. Each essay invites the reader to consider anew the complicity of too many of the Christian churches in that genocide. It makes for sober reading.
RSM, a Roman Catholic nun, is Associate Professor of Religious Studies at College Misericordia in Dallas, Pennsylvania
Once again, Christians must examine their role, the role of their churches and the complicity of their ordained leaders in genocide. The authors of these essays do not look away. They offer the compelling and challenging critique demanded by the memory of the victims, the suffering of the survivors, and the work of the generations that must rebuild post-genocide Rwanda. Genocide in Rwanda: Complicity of the Churches cuts to the heart of the matter, to the abuses used to justify crimes against humanity, and is must reading for every prelate and bishop, pastor and seminarian, theologian and human rights advocate concerned with ending once and for all any Christian involvement in genocide, save to actively and consistently resist it.
author of The Moses of Rovno, and The Stones Will Cry Out: Pastoral Reflections on the Shoah, is the pastor of Westminster Presbyterian Church, Tiburon, California.
This thorough and shocking anthology of essays and documents, skillfully assembled by three distinguished champions of human rights, will be an invaluable supplement to the seminal work of Philip Gourevitch and Samantha Power on the Rwandan genocide of 1994. It raises disturbing but essential questions about the response of Christian churches in a predominantly Christian nation. I recommend it to all those seeking an understanding of this still neglected genocide in East Africa.
author of The People of This Generation: The Rise and Fall of the New Left in Philadelphia, teaches in the Holocaust and Genocide Studies Program at The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey