Genomics and Environmental Regulation: Science, Ethics, and Law

Genomics and Environmental Regulation: Science, Ethics, and Law

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Overview

To reduce the deleterious effects of environmental contamination, governments across the world have enacted regulations broadly conceived for entire populations. Information arising out of the Human Genome Project and other cutting-edge genetic research is shifting the policymaking process. This fascinating volume draws on experts from academia, government, industry, and nongovernmental organizations to examine the science of genomic research as applied to environmental policy.

The first section explores environmental policy applications, including subpopulation genetic profiling, industrial regulations, and standardizing governmental evaluation of genomic data. The second section assesses from multiple angles the legal framework involved in applying genomics to environmental regulation. In the third section, the contributors review closely the implications of genomic research for occupational health, from disease prevention and genetic susceptibility to toxicants, to workers’ rights and potential employment discrimination. A fourth section explores the bioethical and philosophical complications of bringing genetic data and research into nonclinical regulatory frameworks.

Genomics and Environmental Regulation points to ways in which information on toxicology and genetics can be used to craft more precise and efficient regulations.



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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780801890222
Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press
Publication date: 11/17/2008
Pages: 392
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.10(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

Richard R. Sharp is the director of bioethics research at the Cleveland Clinic. Gary E. Marchant is the Lincoln Professor of Emerging Technologies at Arizona State University, where he is also a professor of law and life sciences and the executive director of the Center for Law, Science, and Technology. Jamie A. Grodsky is an associate professor at the George Washington University Law School.

Table of Contents

Preface
List of Introductions

Introduction: Environmental Policy in the Age of Genomics
Part I: Environmental Policy Perspectives
Chapter 1. Toxicogenomics and Environmental Regulation
Chapter 2. Addressing Genomic Needs at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Chapter 3. Application of Genomics for Health and Environmental Safety of Chemicals: An Industry Perspective
Chapter 4. Toxicogenomics and the Public Interest: Technical and Sociopolitical Challenges
Part II: Legal Perspectives
Chapter 5. Challenges in Applying Toxicogenomic Data in Federal Regulatory Settings
Chapter 6. Genetic Data and Toxic Torts: Intimations of Statistical Reductionism
Chapter 7. Genomics and Environmental Justice: Some Preliminary Thoughts
Chapter 8. Setting Air Quality Standards in the Postgenomic Era
Part III: Occupational Health Perspectives
Chapter 9. Genetics and Workplace Issues
Chapter 10. Advances in Human Genome Epidemiology: Implications for Occupational Health and Disease Prevention
Chapter 11. Occupational Health and Discrimination Issues Raised by Toxicogenomics in the Workplace
Chapter 12. Genetic Susceptibility and Radiological Health and Safety
Part IV: Ethical and Philosophical Perspectives
Chapter 13. Conceptual and Normative Dimensions of Toxicogenomics
Chapter 14. Environmental Disease, Biomarkers, and the Precautionary Principle
Chapter 15. Rights and the Exceptionally Vulnerable
Chapter 16. (Almost) Equal Protection for Genetically Susceptible Subpopulations: A Hybrid Regulatory-Compensation Proposal
Chapter 17. Protecting People in Spite of—or Thanks to—the "Veil of Ignorance"
Appendix: Executive Summary of National Research Council Report, Applications of Toxicogenomic Technologies to Predictive Toxicology and Risk Assessment
Index

What People are Saying About This

Wendy Wagner

Genomics and Environmental Regulation makes a superb contribution to the literature. The editors have tapped top scholars and put together an excellent resource that occupies the outer, cutting edge of this rapidly developing field.

Wendy Wagner, University of Texas

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