Geology of the San Francisco Bay Region

Geology of the San Francisco Bay Region

Paperback(First Edition)

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Overview


Why does a bit of ocean floor lie on top of Mt. Diablo? Why is Red Rock, that small, knobby island in San Francisco Bay, red? Why is Loma Prieta high? This book is for San Francisco Bay Area residents and visitors who want to explore the geologic world of this spectacular area, to learn about its shapes, colors, and rocky foundations. Doris Sloan illuminates the colorful geologic mosaic that surrounds San Francisco Bay and lucidly explains the complex and fascinating processes that have forged it over millions of years.

In a lively and engaging style, Sloan describes forces such as the movement of tectonic plates, erosion, the waves on the coast, and human activity. She provides background information on the processes, time frame, and rocks that are the key to understanding the Bay Area landscape and geologic history, then turns to distinct regions of the Bay Area and to San Francisco Bay itself.

* Superbly illustrated with 139 color photographs, 41 drawings, and 29 maps

* Covers Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, Napa, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Solano, and Sonoma counties

* Gives clear, nontechnical explanations of complex topics including plate tectonics and the Bay Area's fault systems

* Suggests locales in parks and open space preserves to view Bay Area geology in action

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780520241268
Publisher: University of California Press
Publication date: 06/27/2006
Series: California Natural History Guides , #79
Edition description: First Edition
Pages: 360
Sales rank: 595,685
Product dimensions: 4.50(w) x 7.25(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author


Doris Sloan is Adjunct Professor in the Department of Earth and Planetary Science at the University of California, Berkeley.

Table of Contents


SECTION I OVERVIEW AND SOME BASIC GEOLOGY TO SET THE STAGE
INTRODUCTION
CHAPTER 1 THE SETTING AND THE PROCESSES THAT SHAPE IT
Time: Human and Geologic
Geological Processes: Shaping the Landscape
At the Surface: Weathering and Erosion
Where Sea Meets Land
The Sand On (and Off) the Beach
CHAPTER 2 THE PLATE TECTONIC FRAMEWORK
The Dance of the Plates
California’s Dynamic Past
The Bay Area’s Network of Faults
Squeezing the Bay Area
The Bay Area’s Complex Structure
CHAPTER 3 THE REMARKABLE ROCKS OF THE BAY AREA
The Foundation under our Feet: The ‘Basement’ Rocks
The World-Famous Franciscan Complex
Assembling the Franciscan
Great Valley Complex
Salinian Complex: Visitor from Down South
The Younger Rocks: Emerging from the Sea
Tertiary Volcanoic Rocks
At the Top of the Heap

SECTION II BAY AREA GEOLOGY
CHAPTER 4 MARIN COUNTY - A DIVIDED LANDSCAPE
The San Andreas Fault
West of the San Andreas Fault
Sierran Rocks in the Bay Area?
East of the San Andreas Fault
The Franciscan Complex
The Great Valley Complex
The Younger Rocks
Some Special Places to Visit
The Marin Headlands
Ring Mountain: the Bay Area’s Unusual Metamorphic Rocks
Mt. Tamalpais: Cross-Section through Subduction
CHAPTER 5 SAN FRANCISCO - GEOLOGY BENEATH THE PAVEMENT
The Streams and Lakes that Once Were
The City on the Dunes
Ice-Age Sand
Modern Sand along the Shore
Under the City: The Rocky Foundation
Alcatraz Terrane
Marin Headlands Terrane
San Bruno Mountain Terrane
Melange Zones
On Top of the Basement Rocks
CHAPTER 6 THE BAY AND THE ISLANDS
The Estuary and its Surprises
Water that Flows ‘Upstream’
Secrets of the Sediments
Early History of the Bay
Marshes and Plains Around the Bay
Islands in the Bay: the Drowned Landscape
CHAPTER 7 THE PENINSULA: COAST, REDWOODS, AND BAY
The Coastal Landscape
The Land Uplifted
Down to the Sea
Faults That Carve Up the Peninsula
The Basement Rocks
A Record of Past Seas
The Youngest Rocks of the Peninsula
CHAPTER 8 THE SOUTH BAY
The Valley That Was: The Santa Clara Valley
South Bay Faults and Structure
The South Bay’s Diverse Rocks
The Basement Rocks
The South Bay Tertiary Rocks: From Sea to Land
Volcanic Rocks
Special Places to Explore
Alum Rock Park: The Bay Area’s Hot Spring Resort
Almaden Quicksilver County Park
CHAPTER 9 THE EAST BAY
A Young Landscape
The Delta, a Subsided Marsh
Creeks that Go the Long Way Round
The East Bay Fault System
The Hayward Fault
Rocks Old and Young
The Mesozoic Subduction Record
From Sea to Land
The Livermore Valley
Special Places to Explore
Mount Diablo State Park
Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve
The East Bay Hills
CHAPTER 10 THE NORTH BAY
The Sonoma Coast: Lifted Up and Slumping Down
Faults and Fault Slices
The Hole in the Head
Assembling the North Bay
The Basement Rocks
The Salinian Block
Across the Fault
Sidebar: Goat Rock State Beach
After Subduction Ended
The North Bay’s Volcanic Eruptions
Rivers and Bay
SECTION III
Credits
Further Reading
Glossary
Index

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Geology of the San Francisco Bay Region 4 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 1 reviews.
Beej415 on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
A very satisfying introduction to the geology of the Bay Area. It includes a good introduction to basic geology, which I certainly needed. The book looks and feels like a field guide and I actually went on several trips that were suggested by the book. A plethora of pictures helps in the learning process.At times, it's a bit too heavy on the individual types of rocks at any given geographic location. I would have liked to have that balanced with a good description of why the particular areas look as they do. However, that being said, the book gives a strong general overview of the larger geologic processes that shaped the Bay Area.I know I'll never again look at a rock in the Bay Area the same way.