This second edition is an extended version of the first edition of Geometrical Charged-Particle Optics. The updated reference monograph is intended as a guide for researchers and graduate students who are seeking a comprehensive treatment of the design of instruments and beam-guiding systems of charged particles and their propagation in electromagnetic fields. Wave aspects are included in this edition for explaining electron holography, the Aharanov-Bohm effect and the resolution of electron microscopes limited by diffraction. Several methods for calculating the electromagnetic field are presented and procedures are outlined for calculating the properties of systems with arbitrarily curved axis. Detailed methods are presented for designing and optimizing special components such as aberration correctors, spectrometers, energy filters monochromators, ion traps, electron mirrors and cathode lenses. In particular, the optics of rotationally symmetric lenses, quadrupoles, and systems composed of these elements are discussed extensively. Beam properties such as emittance, brightness, transmissivity and the formation of caustics are outlined. Relativistic motion and spin precession of the electron are treated in a covariant way by introducing the Lorentz-invariant universal time and by extending Hamilton’s principle from three to four spatial dimensions where the laboratory time is considered as the fourth pseudo-spatial coordinate. Using this procedure and introducing the self action of the electron, its accompanying electromagnetic field and its radiation field are calculated for arbitrary motion. In addition, the Stern-Gerlach effect is revisited for atomic and free electrons.
About the Author
Harald H. Rose is an emeritus Professor of the Technical University Darmstadt, Germany. He received his Ph.D. degree in 1964 from this University with a thesis on theoretical electron optics under the supervision of Professor Otto Scherzer. From 1976-1980 he was a Principal Research Scientist at The New York State Department of Health and spend sabbaticals in 1973/74 at the E. Fermi Institute, Universiy of Chicago and 1995/96 at Cornell and at the University of Maryland. From 1980-2000 he was Professor at the Department of Physics of the University of Darmstadt, After his retirement he was a Research Fellow at the Department of Materials Science, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (2000/1), Department of Materials Science, Argonne National Laboratory (2001/2), and at the Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (2003-2005). His main research activities are in theoretical electron optics, especially aberration correction, theory of electron scattering and image formation in EM. He has published more than 200 reviewed articles in scientific journals, 10 major review articles and is inventor of 105 patents on scientific instruments and electron optical components partly manufactured by various companies. Honorary membership in scientific societies: Honorary member of the Microscopy Society of America, the German Society of Electron Microscopy, and of the 141 Committee of the Japanese Society for the Promotion of Sciences. Awards: Distinguished Scientist Award 2003 of the Microscopy Society of America, Honorary Professor of the Jiaotong University, Xian, China (since 1987), 2005 Award of the 141 Committee of the Japanese Society for the Promotion of Sciences, Karl Heinz Beckurts Award 2006 together with Dr. Maximilian Haider and Professor Knut Urban.
Table of ContentsGeneral Properties of the Electron.- Multipole Expansion of the Electromagnetic Field.- Gaussian Optics.- General Principles of Particle Motion.- Beam Properties.- Path Deviations.- Aberrations.- Correction of Aberrations.- Electron Mirrors.- Optics of Electron Guns.- Confinement of Charged Particles.- Monochromator and Energy Filters.- Relativistic Electron Motion and Spin Precession.- Self-Action.