Giving Knowledge for Free: The Emergence of Open Educational Resources

Giving Knowledge for Free: The Emergence of Open Educational Resources

by Organization for Economic Cooperation and Developm OECD


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Giving Knowledge for Free: The Emergence of Open Educational Resources by Organization for Economic Cooperation and Developm OECD

Learning resources are often considered key intellectual property in a competitive higher education world. However, more and more institutions and individuals are sharing their digital learning resources over the Internet, openly and for free, as open educational resources (OER). This study, building on previous OECD work on e-learning, asks why this is happening, who is involved, and what the most important implications of this development are. The report offers a comprehensive overview of the rapidly changing phenomenon of open educational resources and the challenges it poses for higher education. It examines reasons for individuals and institutions to share resources for free and looks at copyright issues, sustainability, and business models, as well as policy implications. Giving Knowledge for Free will be of particular interest to those involved in e-learning or strategic decisionmaking within higher education, to researchers, and to students of new technologies.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9789264031746
Publisher: OECD
Publication date: 08/22/2007
Pages: 130
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Executive Summary     9
Setting the Scene     17
Challenges for higher education     18
Earlier writings on OER     23
Methodology     24
Open Educational Resources - Conceptual Issues     29
Defining open educational resources     30
Openness     32
Educational     36
Resources     36
Conclusions     37
Who is Involved? Mapping the Open Educational Resources Movement     39
Use, users and producers of open educational resources     46
Conclusions     53
Why People are Sharing: Incentives, Benefits and Barriers     57
Drivers and barriers     58
Arguments for government involvement in open educational resources     60
Reasons for institutional involvement     63
Motives for individuals     65
Conclusions     68
Copyright and Open Licences     71
Copyright and open content     73
Barriers     78
Policy recommendations     84
Sustainability Issues for Open Educational Resources Initiatives     87
Organising open educational resources initiatives     91
Costs and revenuemodels     93
Policy issues regarding the sustainability of open educational resources projects     94
Summing up issues relating to sustaining open educational resources projects     96
How to Improve Access to and Usefulness of Open Educational Resources     99
Validation of quality of open educational resources     100
Translation and localisation of content     104
Web access for disabled people     108
Technical issues related to accessibility     109
Conclusions, Policy Implications and Recommendations     117
Conclusions     118
Policy implications and recommendations     120
Glossary     127
Questionnaire on the Use and Production of Open Educational Resources     131
Examples of Policy Grids     139
References     141

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