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Global Energy Security and American Hegemony available in Paperback
- Pub. Date:
- Johns Hopkins University Press
This analysis of the United States and energy security examines the close relationship between US military supremacy in oil-rich regions and America's maintenance of global power.
Energy security generally evokes thoughts of American intervention in the Middle East to protect US interests in that region's oil-rich fields. Doug Stokes and Sam Raphael move beyond that framework to consider US actions in Latin America, Central Asia, and Africa. Drawing on State and Defense Department records and other primary sources and previous scholarship, they show how US foreign policy since World War II has sought to maintain a global energy security regime that supports the nation's allies while maintaining American hegemony.
Stokes and Raphael explain how US intervention in energy-rich states insulates and stabilizes those nations' transnationally oriented actors and political economies and why American oil diversification strategy strengthens the country's position against rivals in the global capitalist system. They argue that counterinsurgency aid and other types of coercive US statecraft protect the recipient states from an array of potentially revolutionary armed and unarmed internal social forces, thereby securing the energy supplies of nations deemed strategically important to the United States or its allies.
Clear and accessible, this cutting-edge contemporary policy analysis will engage scholars of US foreign policy and international relations as well as policymakers grappling with the importance of energy security in today's world.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Global Oil Supplies and US Intervention 1
1 US Hegemony and Global Energy Security 18
2 Counterinsurgency and the Stabilization of Order 53
3 The Persian Gulf and Beyond 82
4 The Caspian Basin: US Oil Hegemony in the Former Soviet Union 112
5 West Africa: Stabilizing the Gulf of Guinea 145
6 Latin America: Capital, Crude, and Counterinsurgency in America's "Backyard" 177
Conclusion: The Futures of American Hegemony? 215
What People are Saying About This
This sober analysis of the dynamics of U.S. power, focusing on the quest for energy security and the use of coercive power in the 'oil-rich global South,' is a significant corrective to the recent overemphasis on the personalities of presidents and the ideology of neo-conservatism. This persuasive book helps its readers to understand the essential continuities of the grand strategy of the U.S. state in the pursuit of the ‘necessities’ to maintain predominance in the global order.
Ken Booth, Aberystwyth University
"This brilliant book forces us to rethink the last 70 years. It demonstrates how the Iraqi invasion 'was clearly about oil'; how that quest has roots running back to the 1940s; and how lopsided policies termed 'globalization' have been integrated into this quest."
This brilliant book forces us to rethink the last 70 years. It demonstrates how the Iraqi invasion 'was clearly about oil'; how that quest has roots running back to the 1940s; and how lopsided policies termed 'globalization' have been integrated into this quest."—Walter LaFeber, Cornell University
Johns Hopkins University Press