This Twenty-Third Edition of ANNUAL EDITIONS: GLOBAL ISSUES 07/08 provides convenient, inexpensive access to current articles selected from the best of the public press. Organizational features include: an annotated listing of selected World Wide Web sites; an annotated table of contents; a topic guide; a general introduction; brief overviews for each section; a topical index; and an instructor’s resource guide with testing materials. USING ANNUAL EDITIONS IN THE CLASSROOM is offered as a practical guide for instructors. ANNUAL EDITIONS titles are supported by our student website, www.mhcls.com/online.
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Table of Contents
Unit 1 Global Issues In the Twenty First Century: An Overview
21521A Special Moment in History, Bill McKibben, The Atlantic Monthly, May 1998
The interconnected dangers of overpopulation, climate change, and pollution have been in the headlines for years, but doomsday has not yet arrived. Bill McKibben examines two important questions: What if we already have inflicted serious damage on the planet? and, What if there are only a few decades left to salvage a stable environment?
41772It’s a Flat World, After All, Thomas L. Friedman, THE WORLD IS FLAT, New York Times, April 3, 2005
Thomas Friedman is a well-known commentator who has contributed significantly to the debate about globalization. This article summarizes his latest book, The World Is Flat. He discusses a number of technological trends that are not only involving new participants in the global economy but also fundamentally changing the way people do business.
41983Can Extreme Poverty Be Eliminated?, Jeffery D. Sachs, Scientific American, September 2005
One of the United Nations Millennium Project’s goals was reducing by half the level of extreme poverty by 2015. The director of the project describes how business as usual has to be replaced with programs that address the underlying causes of poverty by improving health, education, water, sanitation, food production, androads.
4. 45389Feminists and Fundamentalists, Kavita Ramdas, Current History, March 2006
The women’s movement had great success during the twentieth century. Today it faces a backlash. The new challenges facing women are discussed along with strategies to meet them.
41985The Ends of the World As We Know Them, Jared Diamond, The New York Times, January 1, 2005
Professor Diamond is well known for his book Guns, Germs and Steel. In this article, Diamond discusses the main themes of his new book, Collapse. He identifies five variables to assess why some societies have collapsed while others have adapted to changing conditions. He concludes: “To save ourselves, we don't need new technology: we just need the political will to face up to our problems involving population and the environment.”
Unit 2 Population and Food Production
6. 45390The Century Ahead, Chris Wilson, Daedalus, Winter 2006
Rapid population growth was the dominant demographic trend in the twentieth century. The author argues that the twenty-first century is likely to be the century of aging. The implications of this demographic transition are examined in different regions of the world.
7. 45391Minority Report: The Trouble with Integration, The Economist, October 28, 2006
In 2005, France was rocked by riots in ethnic neighborhoods. The causes of this unrest are examined along with French policies related to the integration of immigrants into mainstream society.
33490Bittersweet Harvest: The Debate Over Genetically Modified Crops, Honor Hsin, Harvard International Review, Spring 2002
In this essay, the growing debate over genetically modified crops is described with specific examples of both pro and con perspectives. Honor Hsin concludes that careful scientific research must be seriously considered in this debate rather than just corporate interests or public fears.
Unit 3 The Global Environment and Natural Resources Utilization
39269Deflating the World’s Bubble Economy, Lester R. Brown, USA Today Magazine, November 2003
Lester Brown is one of the leading commentators on global environmental issues. In this article, he argues that unless damaging trends are reversed, depleted aquifers and exhausted soils could lead to the abandonment of rich agricultural areas. Brown also provides case studies of a number of successful transitions to sustainable practices.
10. 45392Water Is Running Out: How Inevitable Are International Conflicts?, Integrated Regional Information Networks, October 23, 2006
Many countries are in a state of water shortage or scarcity, and some experts forecast that future wars will be fought over water, not oil.
11. 45393The Impact of Asia’s Giants, Bryan Walsh, Time, April 3, 2006
Increasing energy consumption in the rapidly growing economies of China and India are significantly increasing greenhouse gases. The roles of these two countries, along with the United States, in negotiating limits on these emissions are described.
12. 45394Scare of the Century, Jason Lee Steorts, National Review, June 5, 2006
The author challenges popular assertions about global warming, claiming they have irresponsibly gone too far for political ends. This analysis raises interesting questions about the current debate regarding public policy and climate change.
Unit 4 Political Economy
Part A. Globalization Debate
41988Globalization and Its Contents, Peter Marber, World Policy Journal, Winter 2004/2005
The term globalization has different meanings for different people, often depending on their political perspective. The debate about the positive and negative impacts of this process is reviewed from a broad historical perspective. The author concludes that the evidence strongly suggests that human prosperity is improving as boundaries between people are lowered.
41989The World is Spiky, Richard Florida, The Atlantic Monthly, October 2005
Globalization has changed the economic playing field, but contrary to what some observers have argued, it is not flat. Professor Florida uses a series of maps to demonstrate that global economic geography continues to be characterized by a series of peaks, hills, and valleys.
15. 42944Social Justice and Global Trade, Joseph Stiglitz, Far Eastern Economic Review, March 2006
Recent international negotiations reveal deep-seated problems with the current international trading system. Nobel laureate, Joseph Stiglitz, explores these issues and the gap between developed and developing countries.
33997The Five Wars of Globalization, Moisés Naím, Foreign Policy, January/February 2003
The dark side of globalization takes the form of illegal trade in drugs, arms, intellectual property, people, and money. It is growing rapidly and governmental efforts to combat it are failing. The five wars are described along with proposals for new strategies to deal with this unprecedented struggle that now shapes the world as much as confrontations between countries.
30902Will Globalization Go Bankrupt?, Michael Pettis, Foreign Policy, September/October 2001
The author argues that global integration is driven not by politics, the Internet, or world trade but primarily by monetary expansion. “Credit booms,” he argues, “spark periods of economic integration, while credit contractions squelch them.” Is the world on the verge of another globalization bust?
Part B. General Case Studies
18. 45395The Lost Continent, Moisés Naím, Foreign Policy, November/December 2006
The author observes that the role of Latin America in the world has been declining for decades. He examines the reasons for this diminished role with a special focus on political culture.
38019“America's Sticky Power” adapted from BOOK: Power, Terror, Peace, and War: America’s Grand Strategy in a World at Risk (Knopf, 2004), Walter Russell Mead, POWER, TERROR, PEACE, AND WAR, As seen in Foreign Policy, March/April 2004, pp. 46-53
Military force and cultural appeal have kept the US at the top of the global order. Beyond these attributes is what the author labels “sticky power.” Economic institutions and policies attract other countries to the U.S. system and hold them to it, which helps bring stability to the international system.
39274Where the Money Went, excerpt from Introduction of book, THE BLOOD BANKERS (4w8w/Thunder’s Mouth Press, December 2003), James S. Henry, The Blood Bankers, As seen in Across the Board, March/April 2004
In the literature on international economics, little attention is devoted to corruption and other illegal activities. Scandals bring short-term attention to these issues, but systematic study of corruption is difficult and dangerous. The author focuses on broad structural processes that transfer wealth from poor countries to rich—magnifying underdevelopment and debt.
41990Political Graft: The Russian Way, Marshall I. Goldman, Current History, October 2005
Corruption is typically an attempt by government officials to extort money from the private sector. In Russia, officials go further and take over a business for themselves.
22. 45396The Great Wal-Mart of China, Keith Naughton, Newsweek, October 30, 2006
The giant American retailer’s recent announcement to expand operations in China provides an interesting case study in the challenges and opportunities of globalization.
23. 45397Africa’s World of Forced Labor, in a 6-Year Old’s Eyes, Sharon LaFraniere, The New York Times, October 29, 2006
It is estimated that every year 1.2 million children are sold into servitude. A brief overview of the human dimensions of this problem is described.
Part C. Global Energy Case Studies
24. 45398Ensuring Energy Security, Daniel Yergin, Foreign Affairs, March/April 2006
Daniel Yergin is a leading expert on global energy politics. He provides a comprehensive overview of changing energy markets and US national security. New consumers, such as India and China, have changed the supply and demand equation. Increasingly complex systems of shipping oil have further compounded the political-economy of global energy.
40238Nuclear Now!, Peter Schwartz and Spencer Reiss, Wired, February 2005
The argument that nuclear power is an environmentally friendly alternative to oil and coal is presented along with a discussion of “interim storage” and the recycling of nuclear waste. Numerous references are made to the role of nuclear power in Europe and Japan, which provides an international context to the discussion.
41992Looking Into the Sun, David H. Freedman, Inc., July 2005
New technologies in solar energy are examined in the context of energy costs and alternatives. This article serves as an excellent counterpoint to the article on nuclear power.
Unit 5 Conflict
41993Our Greatest Threat: The Coming Nuclear Crisis, Douglas Roche, Commonweal, March 11, 2005
The era of US and Soviet nuclear deterrence has ended, but the future of the Non-Proliferation Treaty is now uncertain. A broad overview of the issues surrounding the spread of nuclear weapons is provided along with the policy and ethical implications for the future.
41984Success Without Victory, James Fallows, The Atlantic Monthly, January/February 2005
James Fallows is a well-known essayist who focuses on foreign policy and security matters. In this article he evaluates the containment strategy that was successfully used in the Cold War and applies the same logic to the age of terror.
39287Lifting the Veil: Understanding the Roots of Islamic Militancy, Henry Munson, Harvard International Review, Winter 2004
This article explores the question, “Why do they hate us?” Using public opinion polls to examine attitudes in the Middle East, Professor Munson identifies two sources of anti-American militancy: U.S. support of Israel and a backlash to the strategy and tactics of the war on terrorism.
42128Blowback Revisited, Peter Bergen and Alec Reynolds, Foreign Affairs, November/December 2005
war in Iraq has produced a new generation of foreign volunteers who after the war will disperse to continue their attacks against what they consider to be enemy governments in the Middle East, Europe, and North America. This contagion, the authors predict, will be greater in magnitude than after the end of Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and will generate a new series of security problems.
45298The Politics of Death in Darfur, Gérard Prunier, Current History, May 2006
A complex mix of tribal, ethnic and religious cross-currents forms the backdrop for the unfolding crisis in the drought-prone Darfur region of Sudan. The French author describes the national and international political maneuvering that impedes a meaningful response to this humanitarian crisis.
32. 45399Changing Course on Nuclear Talks, Philip E. Coyle, Sacramento Bee, October 22, 2006
In the aftermath of North Korea’s testing of a nuclear weapon, a former Assistant Secretary of Defense examines the potential for a nuclear arms race and critically examines the contradictions in U.S. foreign efforts to provide leadership in future arms control talks.
33. 45283When North Korea Falls, Robert D. Kaplan, The Atlantic Monthly, October 2006
Concerns over North Korea’s test of a nuclear weapon obscure the real threat of potential catastrophic collapse of the country. If and when this happens, the Asian balance of power could be altered for decades.
34. 45400Darfur: No More “Never Again”, Ann-Louise Colgan, TomPaine.com, October 11, 2006
The author is director of policy analysis and communications at Africa Action. In this essay, she focuses on the need for the international community to respond to the growing violence in Darfur.
35. 42637Hugo Boss, Javier Corrales, Foreign Policy, January/February 2006
One of the most visible and controversial personalities on the international stage is Hugo Chavez, president of Venezuela. His rise to power and growing impact are described. The author explores the broader implications of Chavez’ skills in refashioning authoritarianism in a democratic age.
33498Strategies for World Peace: The View of the UN Secretary-General, Kofi A. Annan, The Futurist, May/June 2002
The secretary-general of the United Nations observes, “Our era of global challenges leaves us no other choice but to cooperate at the global level.” An overview of human rights issues is provided as a context of establishing priorities for the United Nations.
Unit 6 Cooperation
39290Peace in Our Time, The Economist, September 25, 2004
The article focuses on peace in Europe and the expansion of the European Union (EU). Membership in the EU requires that countries adhere to principles of democracy, human rights, and a peaceful resolution of disputes. The article discusses important issues related to the proposed membership of Turkey. The EU is an excellent example of an International Governmental Organization.
25663The Grameen Bank, Muhammad Yunus, Scientific American, November 1999
A small experiment, begun in Bangladesh to loan money to poor people as a way of helping them become more productive, has turned into a major new concept in the eradication of poverty.
41995Teamwork Urged on Bird Flu, David Brown, The Washington Post, November 8, 2005
The author indicates that, “Avian influenza is making the world a global village—or, more precisely, a global barnyard—in a way that demands international cooperation to a degree not seen previously on a health issue.” Cooperative efforts from 100 countries are described, as efforts mount to prevent bird flu from becoming a human pandemic.
39292Medicine Without Doctors, Geoffrey Cowley, Newsweek, July 19, 2004
The AIDS epidemic in Africa is overwhelming the health care system. In response, a grassroots effort has evolved to deliver life-extending medications and offer more people reason for hope.
Unit 7 Values and Visions
41997Humanity’s Common Values: Seeking a Positive Future, Wendell Bell, The Futurist, September–October 2004
The author argues that, “there is an emerging global ethic, a set of shared values.” These have evolved and now shape and constrain behavior. Specific principles are described along with behavior that supports the development of legal and ethical norms necessary for a positive global future.
41999What Lurks in Its Soul?, David A. Vise (staff), The Washington Post, November 13, 2005
Google’s well-known user-friendly features, according to the author, hide an appetite for radical changes that will fundamentally redefine the boundaries between people and the way they obtain information.
43. 45402A Deeper Shade of Green, Bill McKibben, National Geographic, August 2006
The author observes that “Humans have never faced a civilization-scale challenge before.” The concept of environmentalism is being redefined by the magnitude of the challenges we face. McKibben observes the “environmentalists desperately need to learn how to celebrate community.”