Global Problems and the Culture of Capitalism / Edition 4

Global Problems and the Culture of Capitalism / Edition 4

by Richard H. Robbins
ISBN-10:
0205524877
ISBN-13:
9780205524877
Pub. Date:
08/06/2007
Publisher:
Allyn & Bacon, Inc.
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Overview

Global Problems and the Culture of Capitalism / Edition 4

This award-winning text explores one of the most successful cultures and society the world has ever seen–capitalism.

From capitalism's European roots more than 500 years ago to the present, this text examines the problems caused by its expansion, inequality, environmental destruction, and social unrest.

Global Problems and the Culture of Capitalism provides the reader with the anthropological, economic, and historical framework to understand the origins of global problems, why globalization and the global expansion of the culture of capitalism has generated protest and resistance, and the steps necessary to solve global problems. Up-to-date information throughout the text helps students maintain a current view of the rapidity of global change.

As one reviewer says, In today's world of global cultures the key to solving the problems of the future depends on understanding the cultures of today. Robbins' book spells this out in clear and easy-to-read prose. It is the one book that every college student should be required to read.”

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780205524877
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Inc.
Publication date: 08/06/2007
Series: MySearchLab Series for Anthropology Series
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 448
Product dimensions: 6.96(w) x 9.16(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Prefacexiii
Part IThe Consumer, the Laborer, the Capitalist, and the Nation-State in the Society of Perpetual Growth: Introduction1
A Primer On Money4
Step 1The Development of Commodity Money7
Step 2The Shift From Commodity to Fiat or Credit Money9
Step 3The Necessary Conversion of Nonmonetary into Monetary Capital10
Chapter 1Constructing the Consumer13
Remaking Consumption15
Marketing and Advertising16
The Transformation of Institutions18
The Transformation of Spiritual and Intellectual Values21
The Reconfiguration of Space and Class24
Kinderculture in America: The Child as Consumer25
The Role of Children in Capitalism25
The Social Construction of Childhood27
Exporting the Consumer35
Conclusion37
Chapter 2The Laborer in the Culture of Capitalism39
A Primer on the Economic Elements of Capitalism40
The Baptism of Money43
The Construction and Anatomy of the Working Class45
Characteristics of the Working Class45
The Growth of Overseas Assembly Plants51
The Creation of Free Labor54
The Segmentation of the Workforce55
Control and Discipline59
Resistance and Rebellion62
Conclusion63
Chapter 3The Rise of the Merchant, Industrialist, and Capital Controller65
The Era of the Global Trader68
A Trader's Tour of the World in 140068
The Economic Rise of Europe and Its Impact on Africa and the Americas74
The Rise of the Trading Companies80
The Era of the Industrialist82
Textiles and the Rise of the Factory System85
The Age of Imperialism87
The Era of the Corporation, the Multilateral Institution, and the Capital Controller92
The Rise of the Corporation93
Bretton Woods and the World Debt96
The Power of Capital Controllers103
Conclusion107
Chapter 4The Nation-State in the Culture of Capitalism108
The Origin and History of the State110
The Evolution of the State110
The History and Function of the Nation-State111
Constructing the Nation-State114
Creating the Other114
Language, Bureaucracy, and Education116
Violence and Genocide120
The Future of the Nation-State123
Transnationalism and Migration123
Will Corporations Rule the World?127
Nongovernmental Organizations133
Conclusion135
Part IIThe Global Impact of the Culture of Capitalism: Introduction137
A Primer on Market Externalities: Polanyi's Paradox139
Chapter 5The Problem of Population Growth145
The Malthusians Versus the Revisionists148
The Case of India and China149
The Issue of Carrying Capacity153
The Ideology of Malthusian Concerns154
Demographic Transition Theory158
A Primer on the Determinants of Population Growth and Decline159
Some Examples of Demographic Change162
Population Growth in the Periphery165
Wealth Flows Theory167
The Social Implications of Wealth Flows Theory169
The Question of Gender and Power170
Problems and Prospects172
Conclusion174
Chapter 6Hunger, Poverty, and Economic Development175
The Evolution of Food Production: From the Neolithic to the Neocaloric176
From Gathering and Hunting to the Neolithic177
Capitalism and Agriculture179
The Neocaloric and the Green Revolution180
The Politics of Hunger184
The Anatomy of Famine186
The Anatomy of Endemic Hunger188
Solutions to Poverty and Hunger194
Economic Development195
Foreign Aid: The Case of Russia199
Targeting Vulnerable Populations: The Grameen Bank and Microcredit202
Conclusion205
Chapter 7Environment and Consumption206
The Case of Sugar211
Sugar Origins and Production211
Uses of Sugar212
The Development of the Sugar Complex212
The Expansion of Sugar Consumption214
The Mass Consumption of Sugar215
Modern Sugar216
The Story of Beef217
The Ascendancy of Beef219
The Emergence of the American Beef Industry219
Modern Beef224
The Internationalization of the Hamburger226
Environmentally Sustainable Cattle Raising227
Exporting Pollution228
Conclusion232
Chapter 8Disease233
A Primer on How to Die of an Infectious Disease236
The Relationships Between Culture and Disease242
Gathering and Hunting to Early Agriculture242
"Graveyards of Mankind"243
Diseases of Environmental Change246
Aids and the Culture of Capitalism250
How Did the Disease Spread?252
Who Gets Infected with AIDS?256
Who Gets Blamed?259
Conclusion260
Chapter 9Indigenous Groups and Ethnic Conflict262
The Fate of Indigenous Peoples265
Some Characteristics of Indigenous Peoples266
The Process of Ethnocide267
The Guarani: The Economics of Ethnocide274
History and Background275
Contemporary Development and Guarani Communities277
Disadvantaged Majorities and Their Revenge280
Leveling Crowds282
Genocide as an Externality of the Market283
Conclusion290
Part IIIResistance and Rebellion: Introduction293
A Primer on Terrorism296
Chapter 10Peasant Protest, Rebellion, and Resistance301
Malaysia and the Weapons of the weak302
Malaysian Peasants and the Green Revolution303
Fighting Back305
Obstacles to Resistance307
Protest and Change308
Kikuyu and the Mau Mau Rebellion309
The British in East Africa309
The White Highlands311
The Roots of the Rebellion313
The Rebellion315
"State of Emergency"316
The Oath and the Detention Camps318
Independence320
The Rebellion in Chiapas322
Poverty and Inequality in Chiapas323
The Rebellion and the Global Economy325
The Revolt and the Reaction of the Mexican Government326
The Future of Peasants328
Conclusion328
Chapter 11Antisystemic Protest329
Protest as Antisystemic: The two World Revolutions330
The Revolution of 1848331
The Revolution of 1968333
The Protests of Labor: Coal Miners In Nineteenth-Century Pennsylvania335
The Coal Industry and the Worker's Life336
Worker Resistance and Protest339
Destroying Worker Resistance341
Global Feminist Resistance343
Gender Relations in the Culture of Capitalism344
Strategies of Protest347
Ecological Resistance Movements350
Earth First!350
Chipko and the Tragedy of the Commons351
Conclusion354
Chapter 12Religion and Antisystemic Protest355
Indigenous Religious Movements as Protest357
The Ghost Dance358
The Cargo Cults359
Zionism in South Africa360
The Global Challenge of Antisystemic Religious Protest364
Islamic Fundamentalism366
Protestant Fundamentalism in North America368
"Terror in the Mind of God"374
Some Examples of Religious Violence375
Understanding Religious Violence380
Conclusion381
Chapter 13Constructing the Citizen-Activist383
What Are the Real Dangers?383
The GNP and the Construction of the Doctrine of Perpetual Growth384
The Depletion of Natural Capital386
The Depletion of Political Capital390
The Depletion of Social Capital393
Capital and Public Policy395
Constructing the Citizen-Activist396
Indices and Goals for Well-Being397
The Means and Prospects for Change: Attaining Zero Economic Growth400
Rebuilding and Maintaining Natural Capital400
Restoring Political Capital401
Rebuilding Social Capital403
Conclusion404
References407
Name Index419
Place and Culture Index422
Subject Index424
Credits432

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