Global Transformations in the Life Sciences, 1945-1980

Global Transformations in the Life Sciences, 1945-1980


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The second half of the twentieth century brought extraordinary transformations in knowledge and practice of the life sciences. In an era of decolonization, mass social welfare policies, and the formation of new international institutions such as UNESCO and the WHO, monumental advances were made in both theoretical and practical applications of the life sciences, including the discovery of life’s molecular processes and substantive improvements in global public health and medicine. Combining perspectives from the history of science and world history, this volume examines the impact of major world-historical processes of the postwar period on the evolution of the life sciences. Contributors consider the long-term evolution of scientific practice, research, and innovation across a range of fields and subfields in the life sciences, and in the context of Cold War anxieties and ambitions.  Together, they examine how the formation of international organizations and global research programs allowed for transnational exchange and cooperation, but in a period rife with competition and nationalist interests, which influenced dramatic changes in the field as the postcolonial world order unfolded.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780822945277
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Press
Publication date: 07/03/2018
Edition description: 1
Pages: 336
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.20(d)

About the Author

Patrick Manning is Andrew W. Mellon Professor Emeritus of World History at the University of Pittsburgh and founding director of the World History Center there. He is the author or coeditor of numerous books, including Global Scientific Practice in an Age of Revolutions, 1750-1850.
Mat Savelli is an assistant professor (CLA) in the Department of Health, Aging, and Society at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario. He is coeditor of Psychiatry of Communist Europe.

Table of Contents

Foreword Joanna Radin vii

Preface ix

Acknowledgments xiii

Introduction. Life Sciences in the Era of Decolonization, Social Welfare, and Cold War Patrick Manning 1

Chapter 1 India Abroad: The Transnational Network of Indian-Trained Physicians after Partition David Wright Sasha Mullally Renée Saucier 15

Chapter 2 The Postcolonial Context of Daniel Bovet's Research on Curare Daniele Cozzoli 31

Chapter 3 The Disappointment of Smallpox Eradication and Economic Development Bob H. Reinhardt 47

Chapter 4 "Dermatoglyphics" and Race after the Second World War: The View from East Asia Daniel Asen 61

Chapter 5 Global Epidemiology, Local Message: Sino-American Collaboration on Cancer Research, 1969-1990 Lijing Jiang 78

Chapter 6 From Sovietization to Global Soviet Engagement? Doubravka Olšáková 99

Chapter 7 Sexological Spring? The 1968 International Gathering of Sexologists in Prague as a Turning Point Katerina Lišková 114

Chapter 8 The "Brain Gain Thesis" Revisited: German-Speaking Émigré Neuroscientists and Psychiatrists in North America Frank W. Stahnisch 128

Chapter 9 What's in a Zone? Biological Order versus National Identity in the Biological Sciences Curriculum Study Audra J. Wolfe 146

Chapter 10 For the Benefit of Humankind: Urgent Anthropology at the Smithsonian Institution, 1965-1968 Adrianna Link 160

Chapter 11 What Counts as Threatened? Science and the Sixth Extinction Jon Agar 180

Notes 195

Bibliography 259

List of Contributors 303

Index 309

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