This volume highlights the gap between the new security environment and the notion of state-centred national security favoured by Washington, showing how a Cold War phenomenon known as the national security state, in which defence and foreign policy interests essentially converge, remains largely intact.
The conventional wisdom since the suicide attacks of 9/11 is that the world has been transformed and, according to President Bush, "September 11 changed the strategic thinking" of the US. This book challenges these assumptions. Indeed, the Bush administration’s National Security strategy of 2002 has reinvigorated and even extended the idea of national security. Paradoxically, the renewed emphasis on a distinctly state-centred approach to security, including the War on Terror, has unfolded during an era of deepening globalization.
Drawing on the international expertise of fourteen specialists, the book examines four inter-related themes:
- the impact of globalization on the concept of security
- the strategic outlook of the world’s only superpower, the US
- the new conflicts that have come to characterize the post-Cold War era
- efforts to regulate the emerging patterns of conflict in the world.
Globalization and Conflict will be essential reading for students of strategic studies, security studies and international relations.
Table of Contents
Notes on contributors ix
Globalization, the end of the Cold War, and the doctrine of national security Robert G. Patman 3
Globalization and the new security environment 31
The concept of security in a globalizing world Steve Smith 33
Globalization and violent political dissent in developing countries Philip Nel 56
Challenges of 'The Unipolar Moment' 77
Globalization, American exceptionalism and security James Gibney 79
The impact of the "Vietnam syndrome" on US foreign policy in a post-Cold War world David A. Welch 95
Afghanistan, the 'war on terror', and the continuing quest for security Najibullah Lafraie 114
New conflicts in the post-Cold War era 133
Russia, America and new conflicts in Central Asia Rouben Azizian 135
Globalization and the 'new wars': the case of Chechnya Jim Headley 151
Globalization, power and reform in the Middle East: Arab responses to September 11 and its aftermath Leanne Piggott 168
Humanitarian intervention in East Timor: some ingredients for building sustainable security? Anthony Hayward 185
Managing the new security environment 203
Globalization, peace operations and the new wars of the 1990s: operational challenges and lessons learned Peter Viggo Jakobsen 205
Requirements for effective military interventions Sir Rupert Smith 222
Managing civil conflicts in eastern Africa Gilbert M. Khadiagala 233
The future of national security Robert Ayson 253