"Globalization" has become a popular buzzword for explaining today's world. The expression achieved terminological stardom in the 1990s and was soon embraced by the general public and integrated into numerous languages.
But is this much-discussed phenomenon really an invention of modern times? In this work, Jürgen Osterhammel and Niels Petersson make the case that globalization is not so new, after all. Arguing that the world did not turn "global" overnight, the book traces the emergence of globalization over the past seven or eight centuries. In fact, the authors write, the phenomenon can be traced back to early modern large-scale trading, for example, the silk trade between China and the Mediterranean region, the shipping routes between the Arabian Peninsula and India, and the more frequently traveled caravan routes of the Near East and North Africa--all conduits for people, goods, coins, artwork, and ideas.
Osterhammel and Petersson argue that the period from 1750 to 1880--an era characterized by the development of free trade and the long-distance impact of the industrial revolution--represented an important phase in the globalization phenomenon. Moreover, they demonstrate how globalization in the mid-twentieth century opened up the prospect of global destruction though nuclear war and ecological catastrophe. In the end, the authors write, today's globalization is part of a long-running transformation and has not ushered in a "global age" radically different from anything that came before.
This book will appeal to historians, economists, and anyone in the social sciences who is interested in the historical emergence of globalization.
|Publisher:||Princeton University Press|
|Product dimensions:||5.40(w) x 8.40(h) x 0.60(d)|
About the Author
Jürgen Osterhammel is Professor of Modern and Contemporary History at the University of Konstanz. He has published on modern Chinese history, imperialism, and the theory of history. Niels P. Petersson is Senior Lecturer in History at Sheffield Hallam University and has published on imperialism and economic history.
Table of Contents
Chapter I. "Globalization": Circumnavigating a Term 1
A Diagnosis of the Present and a Term for a Historical Process 1
The Core Concept and the Controversies 5
Chapter II. The Dimensions of Globalization 13
World System--Imperialism--Global History 14
Networks and Interaction Spheres 21
Historical Periods 27
Chapter III. The Development and Establishment of Worldwide Connections Until 1750 31
Long-distance Trade, Empires, Ecumenes 31
Gunpowder Empires and Maritime Domains 42
Holes in the Net 49
Chapter IV. 1750-1880: Imperialism, Industrialization, and Free Trade 57
Early World Politics and Atlantic Revolutions 57
The Far-reaching Impact of the Industrial Revolution 62
Empires and Nation-States 69
The Emergence of a World Economy 76
Chapter V. 1880-1945: Global Capitalism and Global Crises 81
The Experience of Globality, Global Economy, and World Politics at the Turn of the Century 81
Imperialism and World War 90
1918-1945: Global Crises and Conflicts 99
The "American Century" 107
Chapter VI. 1945 to the Mid-1970s: Globalization Split in Two 113
Political Spaces: Power Blocs, Nation-States, and Transnational Movements 113
The Institutions of the Global Economy 121
Sociocultural Globalization? 130
Chapter VII. Conclusion 141
A New Millennium 141
On the Road to a Global Age? 145
Globalization: Putting the Concept into Perspective 150
Recommended Literature 171
What People are Saying About This
Two German historians have very successfully put the phenomenon of globalization into historical perspectiveand they are highly qualified to do so. There is no volume of similar length that brings together the historical experience of growing globalization so clearly and helpfully. An illuminating analysis for anyone interested in the current debate on this question.
V. R. Berghahn, Columbia University
Full of original insights, this is the best introduction to global history on the market today. In little more than 100 pages, it aptly introduces readers to the big themes and questions that arise from global perspectives on the past. If you want to find out what the history of globalization is all about, and how globalization changes our view of the human past, read this book.
Sven Beckert, Harvard University