God's Gold: A Quest for the Lost Temple Treasures of Jerusalem

God's Gold: A Quest for the Lost Temple Treasures of Jerusalem

by Sean Kingsley

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Overview

In 70 AD, the Roman emperor Vespasian and his son Titus plundered the great Temple of Jerusalem, claiming for themselves a priceless hoard. The golden candelabrum, silver trumpets, the bejeweled Table of the Divine Presence—the central icons of the Jewish faith—were cast adrift in Mediterranean lands and exposed to centuries of turbulent history and the rule of four different civilizations. Only an intriguing trail of clues remains to betray the treasure's ever-changing destiny—a trail eminent archaeologist Dr. Sean Kingsley has followed on one of the most remarkable quests of this or any other age: the search for the final resting place of God's gold.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780060853990
Publisher: HarperCollins Publishers
Publication date: 06/17/2008
Edition description: Reprint
Pages: 352
Product dimensions: 7.96(w) x 5.20(h) x 0.88(d)

About the Author

Sean Kingsley is a London-based archaeologist with fifteen years' experience running excavations and surveys, from Montenegro to Israel. He is the author of six books, the managing editor of Minerva: The International Review of Ancient Art and Archaeology, and a visiting fellow at the Research Center for Late Antique and Byzantine Studies at Reading University.

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God's Gold
A Quest for the Lost Temple Treasures of Jerusalem

Chapter One

River of Gold

Yet there was no small quantity of the riches that had been in that city [Jerusalem] still found among its ruins, a great deal of which the Romans dug up . . . the gold and the silver, and the rest of that most precious furniture which the Jews had, and which the owners had treasured up underground, against the uncertain fortunes of war . . . as for the leaders of the captives, Simon and John, with the other 700 men, whom he [Titus] had selected as being eminently tall and handsome of body, he gave order that they should be soon carried to Italy, as resolving to produce them in his triumph.
(JW 7.114-118)

Jerusalem was lost, its ashes returned to the soil that gave birth to the holiest city on earth an eternity ago. The end of the world was nigh—just as the omens of impending doom had foretold. For months, strange portents had petrified the High Priests. A sword-shaped star hung over the great Jewish Temple; across Israel, chariots cavorted past the setting sun and armed battalions hurtled through the clouds. During the festival of Passover a sacrificial cow inexplicably gave birth to a lamb in the Temple court, surely the work of the devil. And finally the eastern gate of the Temple's inner court, crafted of bronze and so monumental that twenty men could hardly move it, opened of its own accord in the middle of the night. Terrified High Priests swore they heard the voice of God proclaim, "We are departing hence." The day was September 26 in the year 70, and Rome had just crushed the last drop of life out ofthe First Jewish Revolt of Israel.

Battleground Jerusalem was hell on earth, an inferno of blood, smoke, and tears. With typical Roman efficiency imperial troops razed the city. Fire consumed the Temple, one of the great wonders of the world. The holiest place on earth, where Abraham had prepared to sacrifice his son Isaac to the Lord, was an inferno. The graceful architecture of the 500-foot-long precinct—the largest religious forum of classical antiquity—was one immense fireball.

Satanic flames danced across stores of holy oil used in animal sacrifice, shooting columns of fire and thick plumes of smoke high into the night's sky. The air reeked with the stench of burning flesh. Some Jewish zealots had been put to flight, while the bodies of other Jewish revolutionaries lay piled across the altar steps of the Temple's Holy of Holies. As the corpses burned, the cedar roof crumbled and the gold-plated ceiling crashed onto the elegant marble paving below, entombing the holy warriors.

All across the upper city, once home to the rich and famous of Jerusalem, fortunes were going up in smoke. Villas as opulent as any gracing the Bay of Naples, playground of Rome's aristocrats, fell to Titus's ruthless soldiers. No one had ever dared lock horns with the empire so brazenly. The result would be death and destruction.

Amid a landscape of Armageddon, the groans of hundreds of crucified Jews cut the night. Wooden crosses lined the streets as far as the eye could see. Roman soldiers maliciously taunted dying Jews with wine and beer; others downed food in front of famished prisoners who had not touched a morsel in days. The noose of the siege had strangled the city, and starvation alone would cause 11,000 deaths inside beleaguered Jerusalem. Jews over seventeen years old were chained together in readiness for the long march south to Egypt's desert, where forced labor awaited them in the imperial gold and granite mines; Jews under seventeen were simply sold into slavery.

And yet these were the fortunate minority: 1.1 million Jews were allegedly killed across Israel during the First Jewish Revolt. A further 97,000 prisoners became fodder for gladiatorial games in the Roman provinces, butchered by sword or wild beast in the name of entertainment. Perhaps these "performers" would have preferred crucifixion rather than death in a distant land in front of a crowd of foreigners baying for blood in alien tongues they could not fathom. All across the Temple Mount, Roman troops flushed out the revolutionaries hiding in dunghills and the rat-infested underground passages honeycombing the Temple complex.

At the end of one of the bloodiest and most savage battles of history, Rome was getting high on the spoils of war. Rumors abounded that the Temple was stuffed with the most fabulous and rarest treasures in the world. Jews trying to desert the front line and escape Jerusalem had taken to swallowing gold coins in a desperate attempt to conceal their surviving valuables from the enemy. But following a tip-off, Romans soldiers and their Arabian and Syrian mercenaries had reveled in slicing open and disemboweling Jewish deserters. Even though Titus expressly forbade this barbarism, 2,000 Jews were dissected on one night alone. The hunger for war booty was intoxicating.

But this was just loose change. The vision of the Temple, plated throughout with gold, had inspired the Roman soldiers during ferocious battles. They rightly assumed its secret storerooms overflowed with wealth, and they were thrilled to find vast money chests, piles of garments, and other valuables within the treasury chambers. Since the Temple was a sanctuary both holy and fortified, many High Priests and aristocrats had transferred their own personal wealth to this supposedly secure repository over the months. Now as fire consumed the dry cedar timbers, the precious wall plating melted into a river of gold at the soldiers' feet.

While low-ranking Roman soldiers dreamed of a little plunder to soften the blows of a weary battle campaign and to impress their wives and families back home, their generals were privately negotiating a highly delicate deal to secure the greatest sacred treasure known to man. Inside the Jewish sanctuary lay items of immeasurable wealth and religious value, the very symbols of state passed down from generation to generation and locked away in the Temple's secret places.

God's Gold
A Quest for the Lost Temple Treasures of Jerusalem
. Copyright © by Sean Kingsley. Reprinted by permission of HarperCollins Publishers, Inc. All rights reserved. Available now wherever books are sold.

Table of Contents


Introduction     ix
Acknowledgments     xiii
Abbreviations     xv
Roots
River of Gold     3
Awakenings     8
Ghosts of Israel Past     13
Exodus and Exile     17
Herod's Treasure Chest     28
Israel-Land of God
Dark Secrets in the Vatican     39
Temple Prophecies     45
Volcano of Hate     50
Keeping the Faith?     59
Benjamin of Tudela     66
The Philosopher's Folly     70
Dead Sea Treasures     77
Castles in the Air     84
Temple Treasure
Divine Light-the Menorah     101
Hunting Graven Images     109
The Tree of Life     117
Bread of Heaven     123
Trumpeting Messages     130
Revolution
City of Unbrotherly Love     137
Turning the Screw     144
Death of a Temple     149
Flavian Spin     153
Imperial Rome
Walking with God     165
A Word from the Sponsors     174
Aliens in Rome     178
Of Circuses and Artichokes     185
The Triumphal Way     190
ADay at the Circus Maximus     197
A Temple for Peace     205
Vandal Carthage
Jewish Gold, Barbarian Loot     213
Heresy and Holocaust     221
Keeping the Faith     230
In a Vandal Palace     235
Constantinople-New Rome
Treasures Recycled     249
Hunting Hippodromes     259
Imperial War Games     265
The Holy Land
Sanctuary of the Christians     279
Desert City of Saints     289
City of God, World of Man     296
Select Bibliography     301
Index     309

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God's Gold: A Quest for the Lost Temple Treasures of Jerusalem 4 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 3 reviews.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Im here!
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Welcome to The Mid-Evil Times Gods. We are the ancient gods of the temples around the world.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
This book was no more than a tour of where the temple treasure must have been at various periods of time. Just a lot of informed speculation. I don't know why the author needed over 300 pages to come to the conclusion that one really knows what happened to the treasure.