GRE Biology w/CD-ROM: Sixth edition

GRE Biology w/CD-ROM: Sixth edition

by Research & Education Association, Linda Gregory

Other Format(Sixth Edition, Revised)

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REA’s GRE Biology Test Prep with Practice Tests on CD Gets You into Grad School!

Higher GRE scores mean better options! Scoring well on the GRE Biology Subject Test doesn’t just help you get into grad school, it helps move your career forward. So it’s worth every minute of your valuable time to be knowledgeable, confident, and prepared to do your best. REA’s test prep will get you ready for the GRE and on your way to grad school!

Designed for students and professionals looking to advance their careers, this sixth edition of our popular test prep contains everything you need to succeed. Each targeted review chapter covers every topic tested on the GRE Biology Subject Test:

* Cell Structure
* Genetics
* Animal Structure
* Plant Structure
* Ecology
* Evolution and more!

Our review contains all the information you need to master the material and achieve an excellent score. Detailed definitions and practice problems with solutions help reinforce key concepts and ideas.

The book includes three full-length practice tests based on the most recent GRE Biology exam. Each test contains every type of question that can be expected on the GRE so you can “practice for real” and boost your confidence before taking the exam.

Two of the book’s exams are featured on our TestWare CD with the most powerful scoring and diagnostic tools available today. Automatic scoring and instant reports help you zero in on the topics and types of questions that give you trouble now, so you’ll succeed when it counts! Our on-screen detailed explanations of answers help you identify your strengths and weaknesses. We don’t just say which answers are right – we also explain why the other answer choices are incorrect – so you’ll be prepared on test day!

Our exclusive Pro Study Plan helps you maximize your valuable study time while learning effective test-taking strategies and timesaving tips from the pros.

If you’re serious about your career and are ready to take on the GRE Biology Subject Test – get the most comprehensive guide on the market today!

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780738608358
Publisher: Research & Education Association
Publication date: 05/20/2010
Series: GRE Test Preparation Series
Edition description: Sixth Edition, Revised
Pages: 400
Sales rank: 590,267
Product dimensions: 8.50(w) x 11.00(h) x 1.30(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

Linda Gregory, Ph.D.
University of Victoria
Victoria, British Columbia, Canada

Larry “Zack” Florence, Ph.D.
Adjunct Professor
University of Alberta
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Marilyn Florence, M.A.
Freelance Writer

Kevin S. Reilley, B.S.

Read an Excerpt

About This Book & TestWare®   

This book, along with REA’s exclusive TestWare® software, provides you with an accurate and complete representation of the GRE Biology Subject Test. REA’s three full-length practice tests are based on the latest editions of the exam. Our topical reviews are designed to prepare you for the very kind of material you are most likely to encounter when taking the actual test.  
Our sample tests have been carefully calibrated to match the GRE Biology Subject Test’s level of difficulty, its format, and, of course, the type and proportional representation of its content. Following each practice test you will find an answer key along with detailed step-by-step explanations designed to help you master the relevant material and score high.  

The practice tests in this book and software package are included in two formats: in printed form in the book and in TestWare® format on the enclosed CD. We recommend that you begin your preparation by first taking the practice exams on your computer. The software provides timed conditions, and instantaneous, accurate scoring that makes it easier to pinpoint your strengths and weaknesses.  

About REA’s Test Experts    
To aid us in meeting our objective of providing you with the best possible study guide for the GRE Biology Test, REA’s test experts have carefully prepared our topical reviews and practice exams. Our authors come armed with specific knowledge of the GRE Biology Test. They have thoroughly examined and researched the mechanics of the GRE Biology Test to ensure that our model tests accurately depict the exam and appropriately challenge the student. Our experts are highly regarded
in the educational community. They have taught and conducted scientific research at competitive institutions. They have an in-depth knowledge of the subjects presented in the book and provide accurate questions that will put you in a position to do your very best on the exam.  


About the Test  
The GRE Biology Test is taken by students applying to graduate programs in biology. Most programs require that applicants submit scores for both the GRE General Test and the GRE Biology Test; together with other undergraduate records, they are part of the highly competitive admission process to graduate school. Both tests are offered by Educational Testing Service (ETS) and administered throughout the United States and abroad. 

You can obtain a test registration booklet from your college or by contacting ETS directly. To determine if you should take the GRE Biology Test, contact the universities you are applying to for admission. For questions pertaining to GRE Biology policies, contact:  

Graduate Record Examinations
Educational Testing Service
P.O. Box 6000
Princeton, NJ 08541-6000
Phone: (866) 473-4373
Fax: 1-610-290-8975
Format of the GRE Biology Test   
The test is usually given three times a year and contains approximately 200 multiple-choice questions, which you must answer in 2 hours and 50 minutes. Items for the GRE Biology Test are composed
by a committee of specialists who come recommended by the American Institute of Biological Sciences, the American Society of Zoologists, and the Botanical Society of America and are selected from various undergraduate and graduate faculties. Each of the 200 questions is worth one point. There is a penalty for wrong answers, which serves to correct for “guessing.” For each wrong answer, one-quarter of a point is deducted from your score. Unanswered questions don’t count for or against you. Some questions are grouped together, based on particular laboratory-experiment scenarios or descriptive paragraphs. Emphasis is placed on the major areas of biology. These major areas are given equal importance on the test, but are covered in no particular order. In general, you should find that the test items are rooted in courses of study most commonly offered in the undergraduate

SSD Accommodations for Students with Disabilities 
Many students qualify for extra time to take GRE Biology, and our TestWare® can be adapted to accommodate your time extension. This allows you to practice under the same extended-time accommodations that you will receive on the actual test day. To customize your TestWare® to suit the most common extensions, visit our website at

About the Review  
REA’s Biology Review concisely and systematically summarizes the main areas tested on the GRE
Biology Test. We have prepared it to help you better grasp concepts that your textbook explores in far greater detail. By studying our review, your chances of scoring well on the actual exam will be greatly increased. It affords you a kind of master checklist for everything you need to know. After thoroughly studying the material presented in the Biology Review, you should go on to take the practice tests. Used in combination, the review and practice tests will enhance your test-taking skills and give you the confidence needed to obtain a high score.  


How to Prepare for the GRE Biology Test  
As with other GRE subject tests, the GRE Biology Test gauges knowledge that you have gained
throughout your academic career. Most of what’s tested on the GRE Biology Test will require you to make use of information you learned in your General Biology courses in college.  
We at REA believe the best way to prep for the GRE Biology Test is to replicate the complete GRE
test-taking experience. Toward that end, we provide three full-length exams that accurately reflect this
subject test in terms of format, content, and degree of difficulty. Our practice exams mirror the latest GRE Biology Test forms and include every type of question that you can expect to encounter when you take the exam. Following each of our practice exams is an answer key complete with detailed explanations and solutions. Designed specifically to clarify the material for the student, the explanations not only provide the correct answers, but also explain why the answer to a particular question is indeed the best choice. By completing all three practice exams and studying the explanations that follow, you will isolate your strengths and weaknesses. This, in turn, will enable you to concentrate on attacking the sections of the exam you find to be toughest.  


Test-Taking Strategies  
Although you will probably have to take both the GRE General Test and the Biology Subject Test, try to avoid taking them on the same day. Taking any test is stressful, and after sitting for one extremely long standardized test, you will hardly be at your best for a second.  

Be sure to register for testing dates several months before the due date to ensure that the graduate schools you designate will receive your scores by the application deadlines. Most schools will not consider an incomplete application.  

Because the test is not divided into sections, you are completely responsible for budgeting your own time. All the questions are worth the same number of points, so you should not spend too much time on any one item. The GRE Biology Test attempts to cover a broad range of topics. It is unlikely that you will have complete knowledge of all of them. It is important that you do not spend too much time on questions you find difficult at the expense of working on those that are easier for you.  

The time constraints are such that, on average, a little less than a minute is allotted for each question.
Thus, it is unlikely that you will have time to answer all 200 questions; however, you can still receive an excellent score without answering all of them. Because the questions are in no particular order, we recommend making a complete sweep through all the questions on the test. Answer the ones that are immediately easy for you and mark those that you want to revisit. Once you have answered all of the easier questions, you can use the remaining time to go back through the test and work on the harder questions, which require a greater amount of your time. In this way, you will ensure that you have the chance to answer all the questions you are likely to get correct, instead of spending valuable time on difficult questions near the beginning of the test and leaving easy questions at the end of the test unanswered. 

The penalty for wrong answers should not deter you completely from guessing. If you have no clue what the answer might be, by all means press on. However, if you can eliminate one or two of the five choices, it is to your advantage to make an educated guess. Statistically, guessing randomly among the five choices would give you the possibility of guessing correctly 1/5 of the time. (This is what the quarter-point deduction for wrong answers is designed to balance.) Being able to eliminate
three of the choices as wrong answers means that guessing between the two remaining choices would give you a far better chance of being correct. 

The Day of the Test 
On the day of the test, you should wake up early and enjoy a good breakfast. Make sure you dress comfortably—in layers—so that you are not distracted by being too hot or too cold while taking the exam. You should plan on arriving at the test center early. Doing so will spare you the needless anxiety that comes from racing the clock. It will also allow you to collect your thoughts, focus, and actually relax before taking the exam. 

Before you leave for the test center, make sure that you have two forms of identification. You will not be admitted to the test center without proper identification. Acceptable forms of identification include a driver’s license, Social Security card, birth certificate, passport, and/or green card.  


During the Test
When you arrive at the test center, try to sit in a seat where you feel you will be comfortable. No breaks are given during the exam. If you need to use the rest room, or if you become ill, you may leave the examination room, but you will not be allowed to make up any lost time. 
Once you enter the test center, follow all of the rules and instructions given by the test supervisor. If you do not, you risk being dismissed from the examination or having your GRE Biology scores voided, meaning that they will not be scored.  

When all of the test materials have been distributed, the test instructor will give you directions for filling out your answer sheet. You must complete this sheet carefully since the information on it will be printed on your score report. Write your name exactly as it appears on your identification documents and admission ticket, unless otherwise instructed. 

Good luck on the GRE Biology Subject Test! 

Table of Contents

About Research & Education Association 
Installing REA’s TestWare® 
Pro Study Plan 

CHAPTER 1 - Introduction
About This Book and TestWare®
About REA’s Test Experts
About the Test
Format of the GRE Biology Test
About the Review
How to Prepare for the GRE Biology Test
Scoring the Test
Test-Taking Strategies
The Day of the Test
During the Test

CHAPTER 2 - Cellular Structure and Function
1. Biological Compounds
2. Enzyme Activity, Receptor Binding, and Regulation
3. Major Metabolic Pathways and Regulation
4. Membrane Dynamics and Cell Surfaces
5. Organelles: Structure, Function, and Targeting
6. Cytoskeleton, Motility, and Shape
7. Cell Cycle, Growth, Division, and Regulation
CHAPTER 3 - Genetics and Molecular Biology
1. Genetic Foundations
2. Chromosomes and Karyotypes
3. Genome Sequence Organization
4. Genome Maintenance
5. Gene Expression and Regulation: Effects
6. Immunobiology
7. Bacteriophages, Animal Viruses, and Plant Viruses
8. Recombinant DNA Methodology

CHAPTER 4 - Animal Structure, Function, and Organization, Overview and Terminology
1. Exchange with Environment
2. Internal Transport and Exchange
3. Support and Movement
4. Integration Mechanisms and Control
5. Metabolic Rates

CHAPTER 5 - Animal Reproduction and Development
1. Reproductive Structures
2. Meiosis, Gametogenesis, and Fertilization
3. Early Development (e.g., Polarity, Cleavage, and Gastrulation)
4. Developmental Processes
5. External Control Mechanisms
CHAPTER 6 - Plant Structure, Function, and Organization, with Emphasis on Flowering Plants Overview
1. Tissues, Tissue Systems, and Organs
2. Water Transport, Including Absorption and Transpiration
3. Phloem Transport and Storage
4. Plant Mineral Nutrition
5. Plant Energetics: Respiration and Photosynthesis

CHAPTER 7 - Plant Reproduction, Growth, and Development with Emphasis on Flowering Plants
1. Reproductive Structures
2. Meiosis and Gametogenesis
3. Gametogensis and Fertilization
CHAPTER 8 - Diversity of Life
1. Classification of Living Organisms
2. Current Classification Methods: Three Domains
3. Phylogenetic Systematics: Analyzing Clades
4. Previous Classification Scheme: Five Kingdoms

CHAPTER 9 - Ecology
1. The Distribution of Organisms
2. Behavioral Ecology
3. Population Ecology
4. Community Ecology
5. Ecosystems

CHAPTER 10 - Evolution
1. Genetic Variability
2. Evolutionary Processes
3. Evolutionary Consequences
4. History of Life
Answer Key
Detailed Explanations of Answers
Answer Key
Detailed Explanations of Answers
Answer Key
Detailed Explanations of Answers


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