Greeks, Romans, and Pilgrims: Classical Receptions in Early New England

Greeks, Romans, and Pilgrims: Classical Receptions in Early New England

by David A. Lupher


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9789004351172
Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers, Inc.
Publication date: 10/05/2017
Series: Early American History Series , #7
Pages: 430
Product dimensions: 6.30(w) x 9.45(h) x (d)

About the Author

David A. Lupher, Ph.D. (1970), Stanford University, is Professor of Classics Emeritus, University of Puget Sound. He is the author of Romans in a New World: Classical Models in Sixteenth-Century Spanish America (University of Michigan Press, 2003).

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments vii

Introduction 1

1 Classical Antiquity in Promotional Tracts for the Settlement of New England 34

Captain John Smith: "For Example: Rome" 35

Sir William Alexander and New Scotland 43

The "Melancholly Leasures" of William Morrell 50

The Model of Roman Colonization in John White's Planters Plea (1630) 60

The Old World and the New in William Wood's Prospect (1634) 69

Conclusion 78

2 Thomas Morton of Ma-re Mount: The "Lady of Learning" versus "Elephants of Wit" 82

"Mine Hoste of Ma-re Mount" 84

Thomas Morton's Classical Indians 90

The Small Latin and Less Greek of Thomas Morton 102

Morton and Classical Poetry 107

Aristotle, Cicero, and Epictetus: Classical Prose Writers in New English Canaan 114

Mine Host of Ma-re Mount as Fabius Cunctator and the Capitol Geese: Morton and Ancient History 121

"Luscus" and Phaon's Box: Morton and Classical Myth and Legend 123

Morton the Poet vs. the Stygian Tapster and the Puritan Procrustes 133

"New Englands Genius": Leda the Swan [sic] and the Druids 136

"Carmen Elegiacum": The Barren Doe of Virginia 141

"Rise, Oedipeus": The Maypole at Ma-re Mount 146

"The Baccanall Triumphe of the Nine Worthies of New Canaan" 164

Maia vs. Flora / Morton vs. Bradford 171

3 "Booke Learning Despised"? Access to "Humane Learning" in Plymouth Plantation 177

A Pilgrim Book: The Wanderings of Elder Brewster's Seneca 179

Bodin's Plato and a Renaissance Humanist's Dog-Eating Spaniards: From Brewster's Shelves to Bradford's 198

Greco-Roman Antiquity in Elder Brewster's Library 208

Greece and Rome in the Libraries of Captains Standish and Willett 221

Pliny the Elder and Bradford's Book Hunt in Duxbury (ca. 1647) 236

"The Untimly and Strang Deaths of Many of the Heathen Poets, and Comedians" 250

Bradford's "Heathen Historians," Ovid's Tristia, and Guevara's Marcus Aurelius: Classical "Ghosts" in Plymouth Plantation 256

Access to Classical Culture in Gov. Bradford's Plymouth 266

4 Landing with Seneca, Founding with Pliny, Exiled with Ovid: Governor William Bradford and the Classics 269

Roman Stoics and the Pilgrim Venture: Cato at Utica, Seneca in the Bay of Naples 269

Plato, Seneca, Pliny the Elder, and the End of the "Common Course and Condition" 284

Bradford's Plymouth and Ovid's Tomis: Classics in Bradford's Late Poetry and Notebooks 317

Governor Bradford and the Classics 355

Conclusion 360

Note on the Citation of Editions of Bradford's Of Plimmoth Plantation 369

Bibliography 371

Primary Sources 371

Secondary Sources 385

Index of Names and Subjects 410

Index of William Bradford, Of Plimmoth Plantation 422

Index of Modern Scholars 423

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