With world-wide environmental destruction and globalization of economy, a few languages, especially English, are spreading rapidly in use, while thousands of other languages are disappearing, taking with them important cultural, philosophical and environmental knowledge systems and oral literatures. We all stand to suffer from such a loss, none more so than the communities whose very identity is being threatened by the impending death of their languages. In response to this crisis, indigenous communities around the world have begun to develop a myriad of projects to keep their languages alive. This volume is a set of detailed accounts about the kind of work that is going on now as people struggle for their linguistic survival. It also serves as a manual of effective practices in language revitalization.Following are the key features: 23 case studies of language revitalization in practice, from Native American languages, Australian languages, Maori, Hawaiian, Welsh, Irish, and others, written primarily by authors directly involved in the programs; short introductions situate the languages, to help make the languages more 'real' in the minds of readers; each chapter gives a detailed overview of the various kinds of programs and methods in practice today; introductions and maps for each of the languages represented familiarize the reader with their history, linguistic structure and sociolinguistic features; and, strong representation in authorship and viewpoint of the people and communities whose languages are threatened, gives the readers an inside understanding of the issues involved and the community-internal attitudes toward language loss and revitalization.This book was previously published by Academic Press under ISBN 978-01-23-49354-5.
|Publisher:||Brill Academic Publishers, Inc.|
|Product dimensions:||8.30(w) x 10.80(h) x 1.00(d)|
Table of ContentsIntroduction:
L. Hinton, Language Revitalization: An Overview.
A. Ash, J. Little Doe Fermino, and K. Hale, Diversity in Local Language Maintenance and Restoration: A Reason For Optimism.
L. Hinton, Federal Language Policy and Indigenous Languages in the United States.
R. D. Arnold, To Help Assure the Survival and Continuing Vitality of Native American Languages.
L. Hinton, Language Planning.
L. Hinton, Introduction to Pueblo Languages.
C. P. Sims, Native Language Planning: A Pilot Process in the Acoma Pueblo Community.
R. Pecos and R. Blum-Martinez, The Key to Cultural Survival: Language Planning and Revitalization in the Pueblo De Cochiti.
K. Hale, The Navajo Language I.
P. R. Platero, Navajo Head Start Language Study.
Maintenance And Revitalization of "National Indigenous Languages":
L. Hinton, Introduction to Revitalization Of "National Indigenous Languages".
L. Hinton, Introduction to the Welsh Language.
G. Morgan, Welsh: A European Case of Language Maintenance.
K. Hale, Introduction to the Maori Language.
J. King, Te K?ga Reo: M?i Language Revitalisation.
L. Hinton, Introduction to the Hawaiian Languages.
S.L. No'eau Warner, I Mana Ka L?i, I Mana Ka Ÿ?o: The Movement to Revitalize Hawaiian Language and Culture.
W.H. Wilson and K. Kaman?I>, "Mai Loko Mai O Ka Ÿi?Proceeding From A Dream" - The Ÿaha P?Leo Connection In Hawaiian Language Revitalization.
L. Hinton, Teaching Methods.
T. Supahan and S. Supahan, Teaching Well, Learning Quickly: Communication-Based Language Instruction.
K. Hale, The Navajo Language II.
M. Arviso and W. Holm, Ts?otsooidi Olta'gi Din?Bizaad Bihoo'aah: A Navajo Immersion Program at Fort Defiance (Arizona).
L. Hinton, The Master-Apprentice Language Learning Program.
K. Hale, Linguistic Aspects of Language Teaching and Learning in Immersion Contexts.
L. Hinton, New Writing Systems.
L. Hinton, An Introduction to Paiute.
P. Bunte and R. Franklin, Language Revitalization in the San Juan Paiute Community and The Role of a Paiute Constitution.
Media and Technology:
L. Hinton, Audio-Video Documentation.
K. Hale, Australian Languages.
K. Hale, Strict Locality in Local Language Media: An Australian Example.
K. Hale, The Arapaho Language.
S. Greymorning, Reflections on the Arapaho Language Project; or, When Bambi Spoke Arapaho and Other Tales of Arapaho Language Revitalization Efforts.
K. Hale, Irish.
C. Cotter, Continuity and Vitality: Expanding Domains Through Irish-Language Radio.
K. Hale, The Mono Language.
P. V. Kroskrity and J. F. Reynolds, On Using Multimedia in Language Renewal: Observations From Making the CD-ROM.
L. Buszard-Welcher, Can the Web Help Save My Language?
L. Hinton, Training People to Teach Their Language.
K. Hale, Inittut and Innu-aimun.
A. Johns and I. Mazurkewich, The Role of the University in the Training of Native Language Teachers: Labrador.
L. Hinton, Languages of Arizona, Southern California, and Oklahoma.
T. L. McCarty, L. J. Watahomigie, A. Y. Yamamoto, and O. Zepeda, Indigenous Educators as Change Agents: Case Studies of Two Language Institutes.
K. Hale, The Navajo Language III.
C. Slate, Promoting Advanced Navajo Language Scholarship.
L. Hinton, Sleeping Languages: Can They Be Awakened?
L. Hinton, The Use of Linguistic Archives in Language Revitalization: The Native California Language Restoration Workshop.
L. Hinton, The Ohlone Languages.
L. Yamane, New Life for a Lost Language.