Green Technology for Bioremediation of Environmental Pollution has significant importance in its fields, since it comprises the current information of basic concepts and various advanced research aspects of bioremediation related green technologies for controlling environmental pollution. In order to combat the severe environmental problems, a comprehensive treatise on bioremediation dealing with updated relevant novel green technologies is, thus, in great demand for application in a practical field. Keeping this in mind, the idea of the present book has been conceived by the editors. This issue focuses particularly on the recently developed environmental friendly novel green technology that detoxifies and decontaminates the pollutants in different domains of the environment using the potential biological agents. The book covered the following topics: A modern applied concept of the green bioremediation process, genomics, metagenomics and proteomics in green bioremediation, advanced biochemical and molecular approaches of pollutant detoxification, ecological engineering in bioremediation, microbial remediation, bioleaching, various phytoremediation approaches, novel remediation technologies of various hazardous pollutants, etc. The salient features of this book include: (i) Peer revision of each chapter by expert scientists; (ii) the basic applied concepts of bioremediation; (iii) in-depth updated concepts and research findings; (iv) relevant graphical and pictorial illustrations for understanding the text; (v) bioremediation of several emerging and hazardous pollutants; and (vi) a vivid description of bioremediation characteristics of various biological agents. Therefore, the book will be of considerable use to the environmental engineers, researchers, scientists, professionals, teachers and students working in the fields of environmental science, pollution bioremediation, environmental engineering, environmental management, environmental microbiology, environmental biotechnology and biochemistry, life sciences, proteomics, genomics and metagenomics, toxicity, waste treatment industries, etc.