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Cengage Learning
Group Dynamics / Edition 6

Group Dynamics / Edition 6

by Donelson R. Forsyth


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 2901133956531
Publisher: Cengage Learning
Publication date: 01/01/2013
Series: MindTap Course List Series
Edition description: NE
Pages: 752
Product dimensions: 7.50(w) x 9.20(h) x 1.30(d)

About the Author

Dr. Donelson R. Forsyth is Professor and the Colonel Leo K. and Gaylee Thorsness Endowed Chair in Ethical Leadership in the Jepson School of Leadership Studies at the University of Richmond, where he teaches both graduate and undergraduate courses. His areas of focus include moral judgment, attribution, and group dynamics. His honors include the Outstanding Lecturer Award from the College of Humanities and Sciences and the Outstanding Teacher at Virginia Commonwealth University. A proven author, Dr. Forsyth has written more than 80 chapters and articles, published in such journals as AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGIST, JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY QUARTERLY, and JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN PERSONALITY. A member of numerous editorial boards, he is the founding editor of GROUP DYNAMICS: THEORY, RESEARCH, AND PRACTICE. He received his Ph.D. in Social Psychology from the University of Florida.

Table of Contents

ONE-THE SCIENCE OF GROUP DYNAMICS. THE NATURE OF GROUPS: What Is a Group? Some Examples; What Is a Group? A Definition. What Is a Group? Properties and Processes. Groups Are Dynamic. THE NATURE OF GROUP DYNAMICS: The Discovery of Groups. Are Groups Real? Contemporary Group Dynamics. Group Dynamics Is Dynamic. TWO-STUDYING GROUPS. MEASUREMENT IN GROUP DYNAMICS: Observational Techniques. Self-Report Measures. RESEARCH DESIGNS IN GROUP DYNAMICS: Case Studies. Experimentation. Correlational Designs. Selecting a Research Design. THEORIES IN GROUP DYNAMICS: Motivational Models. Behavioral Approaches. Systems Theories. Cognitive Approaches. Biological Models. Selecting a Theory. THREE-THE INDIVIDUAL AND THE GROUP. FROM ISOLATION TO BELONGING: The Replacement Hypothesis. The Belongingness Hypothesis. Groups and Society. The Value of Groups. FROM INDIVIDUALITY TO COLLECTIVITY. Groups and Identity. Which Self? The Two Sides to Identity. Social Identity and Self-Worth. Turning Against the Group: Seeking Individuality. FOUR-JOINING AND LEAVING GROUPS. BECOMING A GROUP MEMBER: Introversion and Extroversion. Social Motivation. Social Anxiety, Shyness, and Groups. Men, Women, and Groups. GROUP FORMATION: Affiliation, Ambiguity, and Social Comparison. Stress and Social Support. Groups and Collective Endeavors. Proximity and Social Integration. Interpersonal Attraction. The Economics of Membership GROUP SOCIALIZATION: Costs and Commitment. Stages of Socialization. The End of Membership. FIVE-STRUCTURE. ANDES SURVIVORS: ONE GROUP'S TRIUMPH OVER EXTRAORDINARY ADVERSITY. NORMS: The Development of Norms. The Transmission of Norms. ROLES: RoleDifferentiation. Role Stress. INTERMEMBER RELATIONS: Status Hierarchies. Social Standing. Communication networks. The Ties that Bind. SIX-COHESION AND DEVELOPMENT. DISNEY STUDIOS: THE TEAM THAT WALT BUILT. THE NATURE OF GROUP COHESION: What Is Group Cohesion? Measuring Group Cohesion. DEVELOPING GROUP COHESION: Member Satisfaction and Adjustment. Group Dynamics and Influence. Group Performance. APPLICATION: WORK TEAMS: What Is a Work Team? Team Building. Are Teams Effective? SEVEN-INFLUENCE. THE CORONA TRIAL JURY: THE GROUP AS ARBITER OF JUSTICE. MAJORITY INFLUENCE: THE POWER OF THE MANY: Asch and Majority Influence. Limits to Majority Influence. MINORITY INFLUENCE: THE POWER OF THE FEW: Moscovici and Minority Influence. Influence as Social Impact. SOURCES OF GROUP INFLUENCE: Informational Influence. Normative Influence. Interpersonal Influence. APPLICATION: UNDERSTANDING JURIES: Jury Dynamics. How Effective Are Juries? Improving Juries. EIGHT-POWER. THE PEOPLE'S TEMPLE: THE METAMORPHIC EFFECTS OF POWER. OBEDIENCE TO AUTHORITY: The Milgram Experiments. Milgram's Findings. SOURCES OF POWER: Power Bases. Power Tactics. The Dynamics of Authority. The Roots of Obedience. THE METAMORPHIC EFFECTS OF POWER: Compliance and Conversion. Resistance to Influence. Changes in the Powerholder. Question Authority. NINE-CONFLICT. JOBS VERSUS SCULLY: WHEN GROUP MEMBERS TURN AGAINST EACH OTHER. THE ROOTS OF CONFLICT: Disaffection and Disagreement. Substantive Conflicts. Procedural Conflicts. Competition and Conflict. Social Dilemmas. CONFRONTATION AND ESCALATION: Uncertainty->Commitment. Perception->Misperception. Weak Tactics->Stronger Tactics. Reciprocity->Upward Conflict Spiral. Few->Many. Irritation->Anger. CONFLICT RESOLUTION: Commitment->Negotiation. Misperception->Understanding. Strong Tactics->Cooperative Tactics. Upward->Downward Conflict Spirals. Many->One. Anger->Composure. The Value of Conflict. TEN-PERFORMANCE. THE RELAY TEST ROOM: ENHANCING PRODUCTIVITY THROUGH TEAMWORK. SOCIAL FACILITATION: When Does Social Facilitation Occur? Why Does Social Facilitation Occur? Social Facilitation: Conclusions and Applications. SOCIAL COMBINATION: Composition: Who Is in the Group? Task Demands: What Is to Be Done. Two Heads Are Better, Sometimes. SOCIAL MOTIVATION: Productivity Losses in Groups. Causes of Social Loafing. Increasing Social Motivation. When Coordination and Motivation Losses Combine: Brainstorming. ELEVEN-DECISION MAKING. KENEDY'S ADVISORY COMMITTEE: COLLECTIVE ERRORS AND DISASTROUS DECISIONS. GROUPS AS DECISION MAKERS: Remembering Information. Processing Information. GROUPS AS IMPERFECT DECISION MAKERS: Sharing Information. Group Discussion: Boon or Bane? Cognitive Limitations. Group Polarization. VICTIMS OF GROUPTHINK.: Symptoms of Groupthink. Cause of Groupthink. Predicting the Emergence of Groupthink. Preventing Groupthink. TWELVE-LEADERSHIP. GRACE PASTIAK OF TELLABS, INC.: TRANSFORMING PEOPLE AND GROUPS THROUGH LEADERSHIP. THE NATURE OF LEADERSHIP: Questions about Leadership. Leadership: A Conceptual Definition. Leadership: A behavioral Definition. LEADERSHIP EMERGENCE: Personal Qualities of Leaders. Who Will Lead? A Cognitive Explanation. LEADERSHIP EFFECTIVENESS: Fiedler's Contingency Model. "Style" Theories. Participation Theories. Leader-Member Exchange Theory. Transformational Leadership. Women and Men as Leaders. What Is the Key to Leadership? THIRTEEN-INTERGROUP RELATIONS. THE RATTLERS AND THE EAGLES: GROUP AGAINST GROUP. COMPETITION AND CONFLICT: US VERSUS THEM: Competition and Mutual Distrust. Escalation of Conflict. SOCIAL CATEGORIZATION: PERCEIVING US AND THEM: The Ingroup/Outgroup Bias. Cognitive Consequences of Categorization. Does Categorization Cause Conflict? RESOLVING INTERGROUP CONFLICT: UNITING US AND THEM: Intergroup Contact. Beyond Contact: Promoting Intergroup Cooperation. Cognitive Cures for Conflict. Conflict Management. Resolving Conflict: Conclusions FOURTEEN-THE GROUP ENVIRONMENT. SEALAB: LIVING AND WORKING AN AN EXTRAORDINARY ENVIRONMENT. GROUPS IN CONTEXT: Temperature. Noise. Environmental Load. Staffing. Dangerous Places. GROUP SPACES: Personal Space. Reactions to Spatial Invasion. Seating Arrangements. GROUP PLACES: Group Territories. Territoriality Within Groups. Groups in Spaces and Places: Beyond Sealab. CROWDS AND COLLECTIVE BEHAVIOR. THE WHO CONCERT STAMPEDE: A CROWD GONE MAD? KINDS OF COLLECTIVES: Crowds. COLLECTIVE DYNAMICS: Le Bon's Crowd Psychology. convergence Theories. Emergent Norm Theory. Deindividuation Theory. Collectives and Identity. POSTSCRIPT: COLLECTIVES ARE GROUPS. SIXTEEN-GROUPS AND CHANGE. THE THERAPY GROUP: GROUPS AS INTERPERSONAL RESOURCES. GROUP APPROACHES TO CHANGE: Group Psychotherapy. Interpersonal Learning Groups. Self-Help Groups. SOURCES OF CHANGE IN GROUPS: Universality and Hope. Social Learning. Group Cohesion. Disclosure and Catharsis. Altruism. Insight. THE EFFECTIVENESS OF GROUPS: Perceptions Versus Behaviors. Evidence of negative Effects. Types of Groups and Effectiveness. The Value of Groups.

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