Growing Pains: Russian Democracy and the Election of 1993 / Edition 1

Growing Pains: Russian Democracy and the Election of 1993 / Edition 1

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Brookings Institution Press


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Growing Pains: Russian Democracy and the Election of 1993 / Edition 1

The Russian Federation on December 12, 1993, held its first national election since the collapse of Soviet Communism. The election, to a new, two-chamber parliament, was accompanied by a constitutional referendum. It followed months of wrangling over political and economic reform and a violent showdown in Moscow between President Boris Yeltsin and his opponents. After a bitter campaign in which the government frequently changed the rules of the game, Russians narrowly endorsed Yeltsin's draft constitution, but turned out in large numbers for nationalistic and socialistic opposition parties, leaving Russia's Choice, the party favored by the president, with a small minority of the seats. The contest, with its deeply contradictory results, was a watershed in the evolution of Russia's fledgling democracy.

Growing Pains is a detailed study of the 1993 election and of its implications for Russian development and for the country's relations with the West. Several chapters, relying on comprehensive surveys of the Russian electorate, analyze the election process and how social structure and citizen opinions shaped voter choice. Others examine the campaigns of the major parties, the nature and consequences of electoral rules, and the roles of the mass media. Still others examine the campaign and its outcome at the grassroots in ten regions of Russia, from the western provinces to the Pacific coast, demonstrating the significance of local context and local elites and power structures in Russia's transitional politics.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780815715214
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
Publication date: 08/01/1998
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 766
Product dimensions: 6.07(w) x 9.11(h) x 1.69(d)
Lexile: 1530L (what's this?)

About the Author

Timothy J. Colton is professor of government and Russian studies in the Department of Government and director of the Davis Center for Russian Studies at Harvard University. His previous books include Moscow: Governing the Socialist Metropolis (Harvard, 1995), named best book in government and political science 1995 by the Association of American Publishers. Jerry F. Hough is professor of political science and public policy at and a nonresident senior fellow at the Brookings Institution. His books include Democratization and Revolution in the USSR, 1985-1991 (Brookings, 1997) and Russia and the West: Gorbachev and Reform (Simon and Schuster, 1988; rev. 1990).

Table of Contents

1.Introduction: The 1993 Election and the New Russian Politics1
2.Institutional Rules and Party Formation37
3.Determinants of the Party Vote75
4.Russia's Choice: The Perils of Revolutionary Democracy115
5.Between the Extremes: The Moderate Reformist and Centrist Blocs141
6.Right and Left in the Hard Opposition177
7.Television and the Campaign211
8.The Press and the Campaign: Comprehensive but Fragmented Coverage237
9.The Mass Media and the Electorate267
10.Public Opinion and the Constitutional Referendum291
11.Preserving the Radical Stronghold: The Election in Moscow311
12.St. Petersburg: The Election in the Democratic Metropolis349
13.Sverdlovsk: Mixed Results in a Hotbed of Regional Autonomy397
14.Nizhnii Novgorod: The Dual Structure of Political Space431
15.Political Ambition, Elite Competition, and Electoral Success in Saratov Oblast463
16.Kursk: A Preserve of Communism491
17.The Kuzbass: Liberals, Populists, and Labor533
18.Primor'e: Local Politics and a Coalition for Reform567
19.Bashkortostan: The Logic of Ethnic Machine Politics and Democratic Consolidation599
20.Tatarstan: Elite Bargaining and Ethnic Separatism637
21.The Failure of Party Formation and the Future of Russian Democracy669

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