Growth and Poverty Reduction: Case Studies from West Africa

Growth and Poverty Reduction: Case Studies from West Africa


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Growth and Poverty Reduction: Case Studies from West Africa by Quentin Wodon

This volume provides a set of six case studies from West Africa. These assess the benefits of growth (or the costs of a lack of growth) in terms of poverty reduction in those countries. The first part of this book describes the experience of two countries (Ghana and Senegal) that achieved high levels of growth in the 1990s, and that also experienced important reductions in poverty, even though growth was not strictly pro-poor. The second part describes the experience of two other countries (Burkina Faso and Cape Verde) that also achieved high levels of growth in the 1990s, but where there was an initial perception that growth did not lead to much poverty reduction. The more detailed analysis of poverty presented here suggests however that these two countries did witness a sharp reduction in their population share in poverty, as would have been expected given their growth record. Finally, in the third part, the authors argue that a lack of growth in the 1990s in Guinea-Bissau and Nigeria has been a key reason for their persistently high levels of poverty.

Overall, the case studies make a strong case for the positive impact of growth on poverty reduction in West Africa. However, they also point to the need to pay close attention to changes in inequality, because such changes have limited the gains from growth for the poor in several of the countries considered here.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780821366295
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Publication date: 04/17/2007
Series: World Bank Working Papers , #79
Pages: 150
Product dimensions: 6.90(w) x 9.90(h) x 0.40(d)

Table of Contents

Foreword     ix
Abstract     xi
Acknowledgments     xiii
Growth and Poverty Reduction in West Africa-A Brief Overview   Quentin Wodon     1
Overview of the Case Studies     2
Conclusion     5
Poverty Reduction In High Growth Countries
Growth with Selective Poverty Reduction-Ghana in the 1990s   Harold Coulombe   Andrew McKay     9
Macroeconomic Context     10
Evolution of Consumption-based Measures of Lying Standards over the 1990s     14
The Evolution of Non-Monetary Dimensions of Living Standards     25
Changes in Economic Activities as an Explanation of Changes in Poverty and Inequality     32
Conclusions     42
References     43
Has Growth in Senegal After the 1994 Devaluation Been Pro-Poor?   Jean-Paul Azam   Magueye Dia   Clarence Tsimpo   Quentin Wodon     45
Patterns of Growth in Senegal After the Devaluation     50
Poverty Reduction Between 1994 and 2001     57
Conclusion     65
References     66
Growth Without Poverty Reduction?
Burkina Faso: Quo Vadis Poverty?   Emil Daniel Tesliuc   Michel Kone     71
Main Featuresof the Priority Surveys     75
A Comparable Welfare Indicator     81
The Results: Quo Vadis Poverty?     85
Conclusions and Recommendations     88
References     90
Annex     91
Assessing Absolute and Relative Poverty Trends With Limited Data in Cape Verde   Diego Angel-Urdinola   Quentin Wodon     95
Methodology for Poverty Measurement     97
Trend in Poverty     101
Conclusion     105
References     106
Conflict, Growth, and Poverty in Guinea-Bissau   Boubacar-Sid Barry   Quentin Wodon     109
Guinea-Bissau's Conflict and Economic Performance: A Brief Review     110
Impact of the Conflict on GDP Per Capita and Poverty     114
Conclusion     119
References     120
Macroeconomic Volatility, Private Investment, Growth, and Poverty in Nigeria   Douglas Addison   Quentin Wodon     121
Assessing the Cost of Macroeconomic Volatility     123
From Higher Private Investment and Growth to Poverty Reduction     129
Conclusion     133
References     134

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