ISBN-10:
0471354481
ISBN-13:
2900471354481
Pub. Date:
03/27/2001
Publisher:
Wiley
Growth of Humanity / Edition 1

Growth of Humanity / Edition 1

by Barry Bogin
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Product Details

ISBN-13: 2900471354481
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 03/27/2001
Series: Foundation of Human Biology Series
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 336
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)

About the Author

Barry Bogin was born in Philadelphia in 1950. He is Professor of Anthropology and Chair of the Department of Behavioral Sciences at the University of Michigan-Dearborn. Dr. Bogin received his Ph.D. in Anthropology from Temple University in 1977. Before joining the faculty at UM-Dearborn in 1982 he was a Visiting Professor at the Universidad del Valle de Guatemala in Guatemala City and Assistant Professor at Wayne State University.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsxi
Series Introductionxiii
1Of Populations and People1
Life History: The Link between Demography and Growth5
Why Do Anthropologists Study Human Growth and Demography?6
Anthropological Perspective on HIV/AIDS8
Biocultural Model of HIV/AIDS11
Demographic Impact of HIV/AIDS16
Economic Effects of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic18
Impact of HIV/AIDS on Family Structure and Human Development18
Integrated Study of Human Demography and Growth20
Box 1.1."HIV/AIDS Is Among Us"12
Box 2.2.Human Growth in Biocultural Perspective13
2How Populations Grow: History, Methods, and Principles of Demography22
Population Problem22
Was There a Population Problem?25
How Many People?25
Human Population Size Today26
Population Census27
Using Census Data: Defining the Population29
Using Census Data: The Life Table31
Medical Example of the Use of Life Tables36
Life Table Analsis of Growth and Development37
From Malthus to Gompertz41
Fall and Rise of Biodemography42
Fertility and Mortality43
Population Pyramids49
Population Regulation: Limits to Population Growth51
Biocultural Regulation of Human Fertility52
Box 2.1.Questions Found on a Modern Census30
Box 2.2.Social Regulation of Fertility in the Mormon Church61
3How People Grow63
Basic Principles of Human Growth and Development64
Stages in the Life Cycle64
4Evolution of the Human Life History98
Human Life Cycle99
Evolution of Human Life History: Growth and Demography102
Evolution of Ontogeny103
Case for De Novo Childhood106
Human Childhood107
How and When Did Human Childhood Evolve?113
Who Benefits from Childhood?119
Summary of Childhood128
When and Why Did Adolescence Evolve?128
Why Do Girls Have Adolescence, or Why Wait So Long to Have a Baby?135
Why Do Boys Have Adolescence?138
Summary of Adolescence140
Postreproductive Life Stage140
Conclusion141
Box 4.1.The Evolutionary Psychology of Childhood123
5Food, Demography, and Growth143
Food for the Body and the Spirit144
Nutrients Versus Food147
Sources of Knowledge150
Human Diet Evolution152
Studies of Living Hunters and Gatherers158
Summary of Evidence for the Evolution of Human Nutrition163
Diet, Agricultural Development, and Demography163
Conquest, Food, and Health166
"Man or Maize": Which Came First?169
Industrialization, Urbanization, and the Further Decline of Human Health172
Demographic Transition175
Progress?178
Plagues and Progress180
Diet and the Diseases of Modern Life181
Electronic Revolution186
Conclusion187
Box 5.1.Conception of the People of Corn144
Box 5.2.Classification of Human Societies145
6Migration and Human Health189
Rural-to-Urban Migration191
Biology of the City193
Urban Migration Since World War II199
Are Cities Good or Bad for People?200
Biocultural Research on Urban Adaptation203
Growth and Development203
Fertility and Demography214
Three Case Studies of Migrant Fertility216
Migrant Selection?217
Health Status and Mortality218
The U-Curve Model220
Effects of Migration on the Remaining Population222
Summary: Migration and Adaptation to the City225
Biocultural View of Migration227
Box 6.1.Cape Verde: Migration and Morabeza196
Box 6.2.Migrations Caused by Droughts and Consequent Floods of Famine: Case of the Cape Verde Islands210
Box 6.3.Changing Family Structure in Cape Verde: Some Effects of Emigration on the Remaining Population222
7Growth of Humanity229
Population Variation in Body Size230
Population Variation in Demography239
Mirror of Society240
Evolutionary Background to Growth and Population Structure242
Smaller Body Size Is Not a Genetic Adaptation244
Plasticity in Growth and Demography244
8,000 Years of Human Growth in Latin America245
Anthropometric History250
Irish Famine251
Desertification of Rural Portugal259
Box 7.1.Giants in the Americas?232
Box 7.2.Biology of Potato Blight253
8The Aging of Humanity263
Japan: The Aging Sun265
Biocultural Aging268
Menopause, Aging, and Sexism269
The Valuable Grandmother, or Could Menopause Evolve?270
Wither Humanity?275
Healthy People, Healthy Populations279
Glossary281
References289
Index313

What People are Saying About This

From the Publisher

The Growth of Humanity provides a unique and compelling perspectiveon human demography by placing it firmly in the broader context ofhuman ecology and biology. It is a beautifully written work thatshould be equally stimulating to students, teachers, and anyoneinterested in either the human past or the human future. — PeterT. Ellison, Harvard College Profesor of Anthropology, HarvardUniversity, and author of On Fertile Ground

This text will provide students with a broad vision of theinteractions between the growth of humans (in size) and the growthof humankind (in numbers). It is written in the matter-of-factstyle that characterizes Bogin's work, and is full of greatexamples. — Darna L. Dufour, Chair, Anthropology Department,University of Colorado, Boulder

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The Growth of Humanity 5 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 1 reviews.
Guest More than 1 year ago
'...excellent, skillfully written volume...It will serve as a valuable textbook for many courses...In fact, anyone with intellectual curiosity about the biological and social history of human populations will find a wealth of authoritative information...a novel approach to many subjects familiar to demographers, evolutionists, developmental biologists, and other life scientists. They should read it.' (The Quarterly Review of Biology, June 2002)