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Gulf Security and the U.S. Military: Regime Survival and the Politics of Basing

Gulf Security and the U.S. Military: Regime Survival and the Politics of Basing

by Geoffrey F. Gresh

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The U.S. military maintains a significant presence across the Arabian Peninsula but it must now confront a new and emerging dynamic as most Gulf Cooperation Council countries have begun to diversify their political, economic, and security partnerships with countries other than the United States—with many turning to ascending powers such as China, Russia, and India. For Gulf Arab monarchies, the choice of security partner is made more complicated by increased domestic and regional instability stemming in part from Iraq, Syria, and a menacing Iran: factors that threaten to alter totally the Middle East security dynamic.

Understanding the dynamics of base politicization in a Gulf host nation—or any other—is therefore vitally important for the U.S. today. Gulf National Security and the U.S. Military examines both Gulf Arab national security and U.S. military basing relations with Gulf Arab monarchy hosts from the Second World War to the present day. Three in-depth country cases—Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, and Oman—help explain the important questions posed by the author regarding when and why a host nation either terminated a U.S. military basing presence or granted U.S. military basing access.

The analysis of the cases offers a fresh perspective on how the United States has adapted to sometimes rapidly shifting Middle East security dynamics and factors that influence a host nation's preference for eviction or renegotiation, based on its perception of internal versus external threats.

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780804794206
Publisher: Stanford University Press
Publication date: 06/10/2015
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 280
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.80(d)

About the Author

Geoffrey F. Gresh is an Associate Professor at the National Defense University in Washington, D.C.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix

Introduction-Gulf National Security and the Politics of Basing 1

1 Oil and War 39

2 Negotiating a Foothold 44

3 Regime Survival and the U.S. Military 74

4 A Light Footprint in Bahrain 91

5 Sultan Qaboos and Operation Eagle Claw 117

6 A Saudi Sandstorm: Revolution, Rivalry, and Terrorism 143

Conclusion-The GCC Today and Lessons Learned for the U.S. Military 169

Notes 181

Bibliography of Primary Sources 250

Index 255

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