HACCP: Principles and Applications

HACCP: Principles and Applications

by Merle D. Pierson

Paperback(1992)

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781468488203
Publisher: Springer US
Publication date: 10/08/2012
Edition description: 1992
Pages: 212
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.02(d)

Table of Contents

1 Introduction to HACCP.- References.- 2 HACCP: Definitions and Principles.- References.- 3 Overview of Biological, Chemical, and Physical Hazards.- Biological Hazards.- Bacterial Hazards.- Viral Hazards.- Parasitic Protozoa and Worm Hazards.- Chemical Hazards.- Naturally Occurring Chemicals.- Added Chemicals.- Physical Hazards.- References.- 4 Hazard Analysis and Assignment of Risk Categories.- Overview.- Microbiological Hazard Characteristic Ranking.- Chemical and Physical Hazard Risk Assessment Procedures.- Examples of the Combined Hazard Analysis for Cheese Dip.- References.- 5 Determining Critical Control Points.- Representative CCPs.- Growing.- Ingredient Receiving.- Ingredient Handling.- Processing.- Packaging.- Distribution.- Retail/Foodservice/Home.- Low-acid Canned Foods CCPs.- Growing.- Process and Can Filling.- Thermal Processing.- Can Seam Evaluation.- Summary.- 6 Establishing Critical Limits for Critical Control Points.- Limits: Definitions & Guidelines.- Establishing Limits for Critical Control Points.- Microbiological Limits.- Chemical Limits.- Physical Limits.- Conclusion.- References.- 7 Monitoring Critical Control Point Critical Limits.- What is Monitoring?.- Why Do We Monitor?.- How Do We Monitor?.- Observation.- Measurement.- Where Do We Monitor?.- Who Monitors?.- When Do We Monitor?.- Summary.- References.- 8 Corrective Action Procedures for Deviations from the Critical Control Point Critical Limits.- Corrective Action Activities.- Defining Control.- Adjusting Process to Maintain Control.- Noncompliance Product and Correcting Cause of Deviation.- References.- 9 Effective Recordkeeping System for Documenting the HACCP Plan.- Reasons for Keeping Records.- Types of HACCP Records.- Critical Control Point (CCP) Records.- Records Associated with Establishing Critical Limits.- Records Associated with Deviations.- Records and Verification.- Record Review and Retention.- The HACCP Plan.- Retention of Records.- Regulatory Access.- Summary.- 10 Verification of the HACCP Program.- Importance.- Prevention.- Team Approach.- Essential Elements.- Critical Control Point Verification.- Verification vs. Monitoring.- HACCP Program Verification.- Raw Ingredients.- Receiving and Storage.- Processing.- Processing Equipment.- Cleaning and Sanitizing.- Control Devices.- Packaging Materials.- Finished Product Testing.- Records.- Written Report.- 11 Control Points and Critical Control Points.- Definitions.- Comprehensive Product Control System.- Decision Tree.- Classification of Control Points and Critical Control Points.- Control Point Lists.- Summary.- References.- 12 Putting the Pieces Together: Developing an Action Plan for Implementing HACCP.- Where Does HACCP Fit into a Company?.- Establishing HACCP Accountabilities.- Establishing the HACCP Implementation Project Plan.- Establishing Policy.- Appointment of the Core HACCP Coordinator and Team.- Development of the Product Specific HACCP Plan.- Developing Production Supervisor or Individual Operator Procedures.- Getting the Job Completed.- References.- 13 HACCP System in Regulatory Inspection Programs: Case Studies of the USDA, USDC, and DOD.- USDA-FSIS HACCP Project.- NMFS HACCP Project.- Joint FDA/NOAA Seafood Inspection Program.- HACCP Applications in Food Procurement and Handling for DOD.- Conclusions.- References.- 14 Practical Application of HACCP.- Product Description.- Risk Assessment.- Process Flow Charts.- Critical Control Points and Limits.- Models.- Canned Mushrooms.- Shredded Lettuce.- Frozen French Fries (Crinkle Cut).- Refrigerated Chicken Salad.- Application of HACCP to Foodservice.- Mushrooms.- Shredded Lettuce.- Chicken Salad.- French Fries.- Summary.- References.- A HACCP Principles for Food Production.- C National Advisory Committee on Microbiological Criteria for Foods, Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point System Adopted March 20, 1992.

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