Hakka Chinese Confront Protestant Christianity, 1850-75: With the Autobiographies of Eight Hakka Christians, and Commentary

Hakka Chinese Confront Protestant Christianity, 1850-75: With the Autobiographies of Eight Hakka Christians, and Commentary

by Jessie G. Lutz, Rolland R. Lutz

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Overview

The Basil Society's China mission, one of the ore successful Protestant missions in the nineteenth century, was distinguished by the fact that most of the initial proselytizing was conducted by Chinese converts in the interior rather than by Western missionaries in the treaty ports. Thus the first viable protestant communities were not only established by Chinese evangelists, they were established among an ethnic minority in south China, the Hakka people.

The autobiographies of eight pioneer Chinese missionaries featured in this book offer an unusual opportunity to view village life and customs in Guangdong during the mid-nineteenth century by providing details on Hakka death and burial rituals, ancestor veneration, lineages and lineage feuds, geomancy, the status of Hakka women, widespread economic hardship, and civil disorder.

The authors' commentary addresses the issue of conversion, which was fueled by individual desire for solace and salvation, the building of a support community amid social chaos and the possibility of social mobility through education. Despite an expanding role by Western missionaries, the Chinese origins, the rural interior locale, and the status of the Hakka as a disadvantaged minority contributed to successive generations of Christian families and to early progress toward an autonomous Hakka church.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780765600370
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 09/30/1997
Series: Studies on Modern China
Pages: 304
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.98(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

Table of Contents

Prefaceix
Note on Romanizationxi
Abbreviationsxii
List of Maps and Tablesxiii
Map of Mission Stationsxiv
1.Introduction3
2.Biography of Jiang Jiaoren13
3.Biography of Zhang Fuxing32
4.Biography of Dai Wenguang55
5.Biography of Xu Fuguang71
6.Biography of Zhang Zhongmu80
7.Autobiography of Lai Xinglian85
8.Biography of Zhang Yunfa112
9.The Life of the Departed Deacon Li Zhenggao121
10.Poverty in the Highlands145
11.Geomancy, Spirits and Souls, Death and Burial Rituals152
12.Social Disorder, Lineage Feuds, and Banditry166
13.Hakka Women176
14.Appeals of Christianity and Chinese Religious Sects186
15.Deterrants and Hardships204
16.Arrival of Westerners and Persecution214
17.Challenges to Confucian Society: Women222
18.Parochial Education229
19.Autonomy, Expansion, and Indigenization238
20.Epilogue251
Bibliography263
Glossary271
Index279

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