ISBN-10:
0849394171
ISBN-13:
9780849394171
Pub. Date:
03/01/2000
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Handbook Of Commercial Catalysts / Edition 1

Handbook Of Commercial Catalysts / Edition 1

by Howard F Rase

Hardcover

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Overview

Despite the advances in understanding the phenomena that occur on a catalyst surface, much of the successful catalyst development and use continues to be half science and half art. The art resides in the practical knowledge of experts in the development and use of commercial catalysts-it comes with experience. Now the background needed to nurture the experience and inspire the art is collected along with the science into a single volume.

Whether called upon to select or improve a catalyst, design a process, diagnose operating problems, or improve existing processes, the Handbook of Commercial Catalysts provides the information needed to form a basis for the task. It offers a starting point by providing a broad overview of 150 major commercial processes and the heterogeneous catalyst used for each. The author has arranged them according to specific reaction or reaction type, and supplies reference citations for deeper research. He offers valuable insghts-based on chemistry, thermodynamics, and surface science-that provide a framework for rational reasoning about catalyst performance.

With data collected from the existing literature, from the in-house specialists of commercial vendors, and from his own extensive experience, the author discusses for each reaction:

  • Product uses
  • Chemistry
  • Mechanism
  • Catalyst type
  • Catalyst suppliers and licensors
  • Catalyst deactivation
  • Catalyst regeneration
  • Process units
  • Process kinetics

    Armed with this information, the reader can begin rational analysis of an existing or planned reaction system and logically discuss catalyst characteristics and operations with technical representative of catalyst manufacturers and with colleagues.

  • Product Details

    ISBN-13: 9780849394171
    Publisher: Taylor & Francis
    Publication date: 03/01/2000
    Pages: 520
    Product dimensions: 7.00(w) x 10.00(h) x 1.13(d)

    Table of Contents

    ACETOXYLATION
    Ethylene + Acetic Acid à Vinyl Acetate
    Butadiene + Acetic Acid à 1,4 Diacetoxy-2-Butene à 1,4 Butanediol à Tetrahydrofuran
    Propylene + Acetic Acid à Allyl Acetate à Allyl Alcohol
    ALKYLATION
    Introduction
    Alkylation of Benzene and Toluene
    Alkylation of Phenols
    Higher Alkylphenols
    Alkylation of Polynuclear Aromatics
    Alkylation of Aromatic Amines
    Transalkylation and Disproportionation
    Lower Aliphatic Amines by Alkylation of Ammonia (Amination)
    AMMONOLYSIS
    Phenol + Ammonia à Aniline
    Meta-Cresol + Ammonia à Meta-Toludine
    Diethylene Glycol + Ammonia à Morpholine
    AMMOXIDATION
    Propylene à Acrylonitrile
    Methane à HCN
    Isobutylene à Methacrylonitrile
    Aromatic Methyl Compounds à Nitriles
    CARBONYLATION
    Carboxylation of Olefins to Carboxylic Acids
    Carbon Monoxide + Chlorine à Phosgene
    DEHYDRATION OF ALCOHOLS
    1-Phenylethanol à Styrene
    DEHYDROCHLORINATION
    C10 - C13 Chlorideà Linear Olefins
    DEHYDROGENATION
    Dehydrogenation of Ethylbenzene
    Styrene Derivatives from Other Alkyl Aromatics
    Dehydrogenation of Lower Alkanes
    Alcohols to Aldehydes or Ketones
    Three Other Dehydrogenations
    EXPOXIDATION
    Ethylbenzene à Propylene Oxide + Styrene
    HYDRATION
    Ethylene à Ethanol
    Propylene à Isopropyl Alcohol
    N-ButenesàSec-Butanol
    Acrylonitrile à Alkylamide
    HYDROCHLORINATION
    Alkenes
    Alcohols
    HYDROGENATION
    General Background
    Hydrogenation of Aromatic Rings
    Hydrogenation of Heterocyclic Compounds
    Hydrogenation of Aliphatic Unsaturates
    Hydrogenation of Nitriles to Amines
    Hydrogenation of Nitroaromatics
    Hydrogenation of Haloaromatics
    Hydrogenation of Carbonyl Compounds
    Hydrogenation of Resins, Rosins, and Waxes
    Selective Hydrogenation of Fats and Oils
    Miscellaneous Hydrogenations
    HYDROGENOLYSIS
    Natural Fatty Acids and Fatty Esters à Fatty Alcohols
    Dimethylterephthalate à 1,4 Dimethylolcyclohexane
    Toluene à Benzene (Hydroalkylation)
    Methyl and Dimethyl Napthalene
    ISOMERIZATION
    Meta-Xylene à Para and Ortho-Xylene
    OXIDATION (INORGANIC)
    Sulfur Dioxide à Sulfur Trioxide à Sulfuric Acid
    Ammonia à Nitric Oxide à Nitrogen Dioxide à Nitric Acid
    Hydfrogen Sulfide à Sulfur
    OXIDATION (ORGANICS)
    General
    Ethylene à Ethylene Oxide
    Propene à Acrolein
    Propene à Acrolein à Acrylic Acid
    Butane or Benzene à Maleic Anhydride
    Ortho-Xylene or Naphthalene à Phthalic Anhydride
    Anthracene à Anthraquinone
    Methanol à Formaldehyde
    Isobutylene or Tert-Butyl Alcohol à Methacrolein à Methacrylic Acid
    OXYCHLORINATION
    Ethylene à 1,2 Dichloroethane à Vinyl Chloride
    PETROLEUM REFINING
    Catalytic Reforming
    Hydroprocessing (General)
    Hydrotreating
    Hydrocracking
    Isomerization
    Oligomerization (Polymer Gasoline Production)
    Fluid Catalytic Cracking
    Oxygenates
    SYNTHESIS GAS AND ITS PRODUCTS
    Historical Background
    Modern Synthesis Gas Production
    High and Low Temperature Shift Conversion (CO + H2O à H2 + CO2)
    Naphtha Steam Reforming
    Methanol Synthesis (Carbon Monoxide + Hydrogen à Methanol)
    Pure Carbon Monoxide from Synthesis Gas and Its Uses
    Pure Hydrogen from Synthesis Gases and Its Uses
    Ammonia Synthesis (Nitrogen + Hydrogen à Ammonia)
    Appendix

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