ISBN-10:
1259859681
ISBN-13:
9781259859687
Pub. Date:
10/11/2017
Publisher:
McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing
Handbook of Hydraulics, Eighth Edition / Edition 8

Handbook of Hydraulics, Eighth Edition / Edition 8

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Overview

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Fully Updated Hydraulics Engineering Concepts, Methods, and Practices

This thoroughly revised resource offers comprehensive coverage of every aspect of hydraulics. Handbook of Hydraulics, Eighth Edition, features the latest data and computational modeling techniques and clearly explains cutting-edge methods, processes, and technologies. You will get more than 80 dependable tables and graphs, sample equations, and real-world examples. This single source for on-the-job hydraulics engineering information will save time and ensure accuracy in performing hydraulic calculations.

Coverage includes:

•Fluid properties and hydraulic units

•Hydrostatics

•Fundamental concepts of fluid flow

•Orifices, gates, and valves

•Weirs

•Pipes

•Steady uniform flow in open channels

•Open channels with non-uniform flow

•High-velocity transitions

•Wave motion and forces

•Spatially variable and unsteady flow

•Measurement of flowing water

•Computational hydraulics

•Physical and mathematical modeling of hydraulic structures

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781259859687
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing
Publication date: 10/11/2017
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 416
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

James E. Lindell is Senior Vice President Emeritus at MWH, now part of Stantec. He is the former Chief Hydraulic Engineer at Harza Engineering and Editor in Chief of the seventh edition of Handbook of Hydraulics. He was formerly a member of the Civil Engineering faculty at the University of Notre Dame and has been a visiting lecturer at the university of Illinois at Chicago and Northwestern University.

Wade P. Moore is a Senior Hydraulic Engineer at Stantec. He specializes in the application of advanced techniques, including the application of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), to the analysis and design of hydraulic structures. He made significant contributions to the seventh edition of Handbook of Hydraulics.

Horace w. King (deceased) was the author of the original edition of Handbook of Hydraulics, published in 1918 and was also Professor of Hydraulics at the University of Michigan.

Table of Contents

Preface to the Eighth Edition xi

Preface to the First Edition xiii

1 Fluid Properties and Hydraulic Units 1

Fluid Properties 1

Hydraulic Units 12

Reference 12

2 Hydrostatics 13

Fluid Pressure 13

Atmospheric Pressure 14

Manometers 16

Pressure Forces on Plane Surfaces 20

Pressure Forces on Curved Surfaces 24

Uniform Pressure on Cylindrical Surfaces 26

Uniform Pressure on Spherical Surfaces 27

Pressures on Spillway Sections of Dams 27

Uplift Pressure on Dams 29

Stability of Dams 30

References 32

3 Fundamental Concepts of Fluid Flow 35

Classification of Flow 35

Continuity 38

Energy and the Bernoulli Equation 38

Siphons 42

Venturi Meters 43

Cavitation 44

Momentum Concepts 45

Dimensional Analysis and Similitude 48

References 51

4 Orifices, Gates, and Tubes 53

Fundamental Equations 55

Path of Jet 56

Orifices under Low Heads 57

Discharge under Falling Head 58

Orifice Coefficients 59

Submerged Orifices 66

Gates 68

Pipe Orifices 76

Tubes 81

Standard Short Tubes 81

Nozzles 83

Submerged Tubes 85

Culverts 87

References 90

5 Weirs 93

Fundamental Principles 93

Sharp-Crested Weirs 96

Horizontal Sharp-Crested Weirs with L/b = 1 97

Horizontal Sharp-Crested Weirs with End Contractions 102

V-Notch Weirs 103

Submerged Sharp-Crested Weirs 106

Weirs Not Sharp-Crested 109

Broad-Crested Weirs 111

Weirs of Triangular Section 115

Weirs of Trapezoidal Section 116

Weirs of Irregular Section 121

Spillway Sections 121

Selection and Use of Weirs 129

Weirs for Measuring Stream Flow 132

References 133

6 Pipes 135

Fundamental Principles 136

Loss of Energy due to Friction 139

Laminar Flow in Pipes 140

Turbulent Flow in Pipes 142

Selection of Energy-Loss Equation and Friction Factor 151

Minor Losses 153

Loss at Entrance 153

Loss of Head due to Enlargement 154

Loss of Head due to Contraction 157

Loss of Head due to Gate Valves 159

Loss of Head due to Bends 159

Compound Pipes 165

Distribution Networks 167

Hardy Cross Solution 168

Nodal Method 171

References 176

7 Steady Uniform Flow in Open Channels 179

Elements of a Cross Section 180

Sectional Forms 180

Most Efficient Channel Section 183

Energy Losses in Open Channels 185

Laminar Flow with Free Surface 187

Turbulent Flows in Open Channels 191

The Manning Equation 192

Roughness Coefficients 194

Noneroding Velocities 196

Air Entrainment 200

References 201

8 Open Channels with Nonuniform Flow 203

Rapidly Varied Flow 204

Constant-Discharge Relations 205

Constant-Energy Relations 206

Analytical Solutions of Constriction Problems 207

Critical Depth-General Case 208

Critical Depth in Rectangular Channels 210

Critical Depth in Triangular Channels 211

Critical Depth in Trapezoidal Sections 212

Critical Depth in Circular Channels 213

Critical-Depth Meters 213

Critical Slope 215

Channel Entrance 216

Free Outfall 218

Hydraulic Jump 220

Hydraulic Jump for Small Slopes 221

Force Equation 221

Hydraulic-Jump Computations 223

Hydraulic Jump in Trapezoidal Channels 223

Hydraulic Jump in Rectangular Channels 225

Hydraulic Jump in Sloping Channels 225

Length of Jump 227

Position of Jump 227

Minor Losses 229

Transition through Critical Depth without Jump 235

Gradually Varied Flow 236

Equations of Gradually Varied Flow and Generalized Profiles 236

Methods of Computing Water-Surface Profiles 239

Short Channels 245

Chutes 246

Flow over Very Steep Inclines 247

References 248

9 High-Velocity Transitions 249

Straight-Walled Constrictions 249

Enlargements and Curved-Wall Constrictions 254

Method of Characteristics 260

High-Velocity Flow at Channel Bends 264

References 268

10 Wave Motion and Forces 269

Oscillatory Waves 270

Surface Form 270

Wave Celerity 271

Wavelength 273

Orbital Motion 274

Group Velocity and Energy Transmission 276

Refraction 279

Variation of Wave Height with Depth 282

Breaking Waves 284

Characteristics of Wind-Generated Waves 287

Wave Run-Up and Overtopping 292

Wave Forces 295

Wave Forces on Piling and Submerged Structures 299

Wind Tides 309

Translatory Waves 310

Positive Waves 311

Negative Waves 315

References 316

11 Spatially Variable and Unsteady Flow 319

Unsteady Op en-Channel Flow 319

Steady Spatially Variable Flow 323

Unsteady Flow with Free Surface 326

Water Hammer 329

Pressure When T $$$ 2L/α 332

Pressure When T $$$ 2L/α 332

References 336

12 Measurement of Flowing Water 337

Current Meter 338

Pitot Tube 339

Color Method 342

Salt-Velocity Method 342

Gibson Method 343

Venturi Meter 346

Pipe Orifice 352

Standardized Nozzles 355

California-Pipe Method 355

Venturi Flume 356

Critical-Depth Meter 360

Contracted Opening 361

Chemical Gauging 362

Electromagnetic Flowmeters 362

References 363

13 Computational Hydraulics 365

Elementary Computational Concepts 366

Solution by Successive Approximations 367

Steady Nonuniform Flow in Prismatic Open Channels 368

Steady Flow in Pipes 370

Experimental Measurements-Least-Squares Analysis 372

Unsteady Flow in Pipes and Open Channels 373

Advanced Numerical Methods 375

Finite-Difference Method 375

Finite-Element Method 376

References 376

14 Physical and Mathematical Modeling of Hydraulic Structures 377

Introduction 377

Composite Modeling 379

Physical Modeling Overview 379

Numerical Modeling Overview 382

Composite Modeling Overview 386

Summary and Conclusions 389

Reference 391

Index 393

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