Handbook of Minerals as Nutritional Supplements

Handbook of Minerals as Nutritional Supplements

by Robert A. DiSilvestro

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Overview

Mineral supplements are receiving a great deal of attention and experiencing a tremendous period of growth. Despite their popularity, questions continue to arise regarding the research behind their claims, the efficacy of different forms, and their overall safety. It is critical for the health care community and the general public to have an unbias

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781135501143
Publisher: CRC Press
Publication date: 09/29/2004
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 272
File size: 722 KB

Table of Contents

Chapter 1Calcium1
Overview of Function1
Overview of Metabolism1
Nutritional Status Assessment2
Bioavailability from Foods and Supplements3
Typical Intakes versus Needs7
Current Research on Supplement Use7
Rickets7
Bone in Children and Adolescents without Rickets7
Osteoporosis Prevention and Treatment in Adults8
Hyperparathyroidism10
Blood Pressure11
Blood Lipid Alterations12
Colon Cancer12
Weight Loss13
Toxicity13
Summary and Conclusions17
Chapter 2Magnesium23
Overview of Function23
Overview of Metabolism25
Nutritional Status Assessment25
Bioavailability from Foods and Supplements27
Typical Intakes Versus Needs33
Current Research on Supplement Use34
Parenteral Pharmacological Uses34
Overt Hypomagnesemia (Low Serum Magnesium)34
Blood Pressure35
Serum Lipids in Non-Diabetic Subjects37
Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Non-Diabetic Subjects38
Diabetes41
Stress44
Exercise47
Negative49
Positive50
Osteoporosis Prevention or Restriction52
Chronic Fatigue52
Asthma53
Beta-Thalassemia/Sickle Cell Anemia53
Kidney Stones54
Pregnancy: Premature/Low Birth Weight Outcomes57
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)58
Mitral Valve Prolapse59
Other Applications59
Toxicity60
Summary and Conclusions61
Chapter 3Potassium79
Overview of Function79
Overview of Physiology80
Nutritional Status Assessment80
Bioavailability from Foods and Supplements81
Typical Intakes Versus Needs81
Current Research on Supplement Use82
Hypertension83
Kidney Stones84
Cramps85
Potassium and Exercise Performance85
Potassium and Stroke Risk85
Potassium and Osteoporosis86
Toxicity86
Summary and Conclusions86
Chapter 4Iron91
Overview of Function91
Overview of Metabolism92
Nutritional Status Assessment92
Bioavailability from Foods and Supplements93
Typical Intakes Versus Needs96
Current Research on Supplement Use97
General Comments on Doses and Uses97
Treatment and Prevention of Anemia in Individuals without Other Discernable Health Problems99
Community Interventions for Anemia Treatment and Prevention99
Premature/Low Birth Weight Infants101
Renal Dialysis Patients101
Cancer Patients102
The Elderly102
Iron Deficiency without Anemia103
Pregnancy105
Cognitive and Behavioral Development107
Infections108
Exercise Performance110
Miscellaneous Health Problems112
Toxicity114
Summary and Conclusions117
Chapter 5Zinc131
Overview of Function131
Overview of Metabolism132
Nutritional Status Assessment133
Bioavailability from Foods and Supplements135
Typical Intakes Versus Needs137
Current Research on Supplement Use139
Overt Deficiency Correction in Children139
Correction of Marginal Zinc Deficiency in Young Children139
Selected Breast-Fed Infants140
Premature Infants140
Immune Function141
Down's Syndrome143
Macular Degeneration143
Acne144
Wound Healing145
Zinc-Carnosine and Ulcers145
Rheumatoid Arthritis/Crohn's Disease146
Cancer Prevention147
Exercise148
Hepatitis149
Osteoporosis Prevention149
Renal Dialysis Patients150
Cardiovascular Disease152
Diabetes153
Pregnancy154
Zinc Lozenges and Colds154
Toxicity156
Copper Deficiency156
Immunosupression156
Prostate Cancer156
Alzheimer's Disease157
Summary and Conclusions159
Chapter 6Copper175
Overview of Function175
Overview of Metabolism175
Nutritional Status Assessment176
Bioavailability from Foods and Supplements177
Typical Intakes Versus Needs178
Current Research on Supplement Use181
Toxicity183
Summary and Conclusions186
Chapter 7Selenium193
Overview of Function193
Overview of Metabolism194
Nutritional Status Assessment194
Bioavailability from Foods and Supplements195
Typical Intakes Versus Needs196
Current Research on Supplement Use198
Geographical Populations with Severe Selenium Deficiency198
Cancer199
Cardiovascular Disease202
Arthritis202
Pancreatitis203
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)204
Male Infertility205
Pregnancy Miscarriages206
Mood207
Immune Function208
Asthma208
Ketogenic Diet in Epilepsy Patients209
Miscellaneous Health Problems209
General Antioxidant Effects210
Toxicity210
Summary and Conclusions211
Chapter 8Manganese219
Overview of Function219
Overview of Metabolism220
Nutritional Status Assessment220
Bioavailability from Foods and Supplements220
Typical Intakes Versus Needs221
Current Research on Supplement Use222
Manganese and Epilepsy224
Toxicity224
Summary and Conclusions226
Chapter 9Chromium229
Overview of Function229
Overview of Metabolism229
Nutritional Status Assessment230
Bioavailability from Foods and Supplements230
Typical Intakes Versus Needs231
Current Research on Supplement Use231
Body Weight and Composition Alterations232
Improved Glucose Tolerance234
Beneficial Alterations in Blood Lipid Profiles236
Indirect Antioxidant Actions236
Toxicity236
Summary and Conclusions237
Chapter 10Other Minerals241
Phosphorus241
Iodine242
Ultratrace Minerals243
Glossary249
Index251

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