Handbook of Optical Design

Handbook of Optical Design

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Overview

Handbook of Optical Design by Daniel Malacara-Hernández, Zacarías Malacara-Hernández

Infused with more than 500 tables and figures, this reference clearly illustrates the intricacies of optical system design and evaluation and considers key aspects of component selection, optimization, and integration for the development of effective optical apparatus. The book provides a much-needed update on the vanguard in the field with vivid explanations of computer-aided strategies and developments essential for success in the engineering of modern optical structures. It analyzes the performance of a wide range of optical materials, components, and systems, from simple magnifiers to complex lenses used in photography, ophthalmology, telescopes, microscopes, and projection systems.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780203912942
Publisher: CRC Press
Publication date: 10/31/2014
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 512
File size: 18 MB
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About the Author

Daniel Malacara-Hernández is a professor and researcher at Centro de Investigaciones en Optica in Leon, Mexico.

Zacarías Malacara-Hernández is a researcher at Centro de Investigaciones en Optica in Leon, Mexico.

Table of Contents

Geometrical Optics Principles
Wave Nature of Light and Fermat’s Principle
Reflection and Refraction Laws
Basic Meridional Ray Tracing Equations
Gaussian or First-Order Optics
Image Formation
Stop, Pupils, and Principal Ray
Delano’s Relation
Optical Sine Theorem
Lagrange Invariant
Herschel Invariant and Image Magnifications

Thin Lenses and Spherical Mirrors
Thin Lenses
Formulas for Image Formation with Thin Lenses
Nodal Points of A Thin Lens
Image Formation with Converging Lenses
Image Formation with Diverging Lenses

Systems of Several Lenses and Thick Lenses
Focal Length and Power of A Lens System
Image Formation with Thick Lenses or Systems of Lenses
Cardinal Points
Image Formation with A Tilted or Curved Object
Thick Lenses
Systems of Thin Lenses
The Lagrange Invariant in A System of Thin Lenses
Effect of Object or Stop Shifting
The Delano y − ȳ Diagram

Chromatic Aberrations
Introduction
Axial Chromatic Aberration
Conrady’s D – d Method of Achromatization
Secondary Color Aberration
Magnification Chromatic Aberration

Spherical Aberration
Spherical Aberration Calculation
Primary Spherical Aberration
Aspherical Surfaces
Spherical Aberration of Aspherical Surfaces
Surfaces without Spherical Aberration
Aberration Polynomial for Spherical Aberration
High-Order Spherical Aberration
Spherical Aberration Correction with Gradient Index

Monochromatic Off-Axis Aberrations
Introduction
Petzval Curvature
Coma
Astigmatism
Aplanatic Surfaces
Distortion
Off-Axis Aberrations in Aspherical Surfaces
The Symmetrical Principle and the Bow–Sutton Conditions
Stop Shift Equations
Aberrations of the Pupil

Aberration Polynomials and High-Order Aberrations
Wavefronts in an Optical System
Ray Aberrations and Wavefront Aberrations
Wavefront Aberration Polynomial
Zernike Polynomials
Fitting of Wavefront Deformations to A Polynomial
Wavefront Representation by an Array of Gaussians
Wavefront Aberrations in Refractive Surfaces
Wavefront Aberrations in Reflective Surfaces
Aldis Theorem

Computer Evaluation of Optical Systems
Transverse Aberration Polynomials
Transverse Aberrations with H.H. Hopkins, Seidel, and Buchdahl Coefficients
Meridional Ray Tracing and Stop Position Analysis
Spot Diagram
Wavefront Deformation
Point and Line Spread Function
Optical Transfer Function
Tolerance to Aberrations

Diffraction in Optical Systems
Huygens–Fresnel Theory
Fresnel Diffraction
Fraunhofer Diffraction
Diffraction Images with Aberrations
Strehl Ratio
Optical Transfer Function
Resolution Criteria
Gaussian Beams

Prisms
Tunnel Diagram
Deflecting A Light Beam
Transforming an Image
Deflecting and Transforming Prisms
Nondeflecting Transforming Prisms
Beam-Splitting Prisms
Chromatic Dispersing Prisms
Nonimaging Prisms

Basic Optical Systems and Simple Photographic Lenses
Optical Systems Diversity
Magnifiers and Single Imaging Lens
Landscape Lenses
Periscopic Lens
Achromatic Landscape Lens
Doublets
Laser Light Collimators
Spherical and Paraboloidal Mirrors
Some Catoptric and Catadioptric Systems
F-Theta Lenses
Fresnel Lenses and Gabor Plates

Complex Photographic Lenses
Introduction
Asymmetrical Systems
Symmetrical Anastigmat Systems
Varifocal and Zoom Lenses

The Human Eye and Ophthalmic Lenses
The Human Eye
Ophthalmic Lenses
Ophthalmic Lens Design
Prismatic Lenses
Spherocylindrical Lenses

Astronomical Telescopes
Resolution and Light-Gathering Power
Reflecting Two-Mirror Cameras and Telescopes
Catadioptric Cameras
Astronomical Telescopes
Field Correctors
Multiple-Mirror Telescopes
Active and Adaptive Optics

Visual Systems and Afocal Systems
Visual Optical Systems
Basic Telescopic System
Afocal Systems
Visual And Terrestrial Telescopes
Telescope Eyepieces
Relays and Periscopes

Microscopes
Compound Microscope
Microscope Objectives
Microscope Eyepieces
Microscope Illuminators

Projection Systems
Image Projectors
Main Projector Components
Coherence Effects in Projectors
Anamorphic Projection
Slide and Movie Projectors
Overhead Projectors
Profile Projectors
Television Projectors
LCD Computer and Home Theater Projectors

Lens Design Optimization
Basic Principles
Optimization Methods
Glatzel Adaptive Method
Constrained Damped Least-Squares Optimization Method
Merit Function and Boundary Conditions
Modern Trends in Optical Design
Flowchart for a Lens Optimization Program
Practical Tips for the Use of Lens Evaluation Programs
Some Commercial Lens Design Programs

Appendices
Appendix: Notation and Primary Aberration Coefficients Summary
Appendix: Mathematical Representation of Optical Surfaces
Appendix: Optical Materials
Appendix: Exact Ray Tracing of Skew Rays
Appendix: General Bibliography on Lens Design

Index

Chapters include references.

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