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Basic Books
Handbook of Political Behavior

Handbook of Political Behavior

by Samuel Long


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780306406010
Publisher: Basic Books
Publication date: 06/01/1981
Pages: 362

Table of Contents

1 Epistemology, Methodology, and Method in the Study of Political Behavior.- Alternative Philosophies of Science.- Some Observation-Centered Approaches.- Some Hypothesis-Centered Approaches.- Philosophies of Metascience.- Kuhn.- Lakatos.- General Strategic Postures: Some Verbal Cartoons.- Postpositivist Research and Theorizing.- The Conduct of Participant-Observation Research.- The Role of Empirical Axioms in Theory.- Scientific Aspects of Normative Statements.- Methodology as a Normative Aspect of Science.- Concluding Remarks.- References.- 2 Political Behavior and American Public Policy: The Case of the Political Business Cycle.- The Literature on the Political Business Cycle.- Political Regularities in Government Behavior and Economic Performance.- Economic Performance and Presidential Popularity.- Economic Performance and the Vote.- Congress and the Distribution of Political Benefits.- The Example of Transfer Payments.- Fiscal Illusion.- Election and Transfer Programs.- Anomalies in the Electoral-Cycle Literature.- Who Is Politically Responsible for the Electoral Economic Cycle?.- Statutory Limits on Budget Manipulation.- Other Obstacles to Budgetary Manipulation.- Election Year Changes in Government Programs.- Changes in the Money Supply and Surplus versus Deficit Financing.- The 1964 Tax Cut as a Misleading Prototype.- A Test Case: The President’s Disaster Funds.- Congressional Creation of the Electoral Economic Cycle.- Selective Agencies versus Collective Agencies.- The Predicted Electoral Economic Cycle.- The Agency as Spending Advocate.- The House and the Senate.- The House and Senate Appropriations Committees.- Summary and Conclusion.- Conclusion.- References.- 3 Administrative Behavior.- The Emergence of Program Management.- Program Management: Social Strategy for Societal Development.- Urbanization as a Developmental Force.- Indigenous versus Self-Consciously Constructed Social Systems.- Management: Custodian of Program Capability.- Management Acumen as Social Intelligence.- Limited Efficacy of Management’s Social Calculus.- Administrative Behavior: Working Face between Management on Behalf of Purposes and the Politics of Social Adaptation.- The Organizational Dilemma.- Disjunctive Structures as Loci for Rational and Nonrational Forces.- Parallel Agendas.- Administrative Behavior: A Nonrational Response to Program Conflictuation.- Conflictuation: Legacy of Dualism.- Resolving Dilemmas by Forging Trade-offs.- References.- 4 Interest Groups, Social Conflict, and Public Policy.- Organizations and Social Complexity.- The Impact of Population Concentration.- Institutional Centralization.- Concentration or Dispersion of Governmental Authority.- The Growth of Technology and Expertise.- Groups and the Culture of Political Society.- The Focus on Conflict.- Conflict Management.- The Policy Process.- Demands and Responses: Reversing the Process.- Proposal Development.- Executive Review.- Legislative Action.- Supplementary Change.- Implementation.- Professional Expertise.- Hierarchical Management.- The Paradox of Mobility.- Review.- Conclusions.- References.- 5 Judicial Behavior: Models and Literature of the Field.- Models of Judicial Decision Making.- The Legalistic Model.- The Group Theory Model.- The Input-Output Model.- The Decision Theory Model.- The Legalistic Model of Judicial Behavior.- Definition.- Origins of the Legalistic Approach.- Debate over Outcomes from the Legalistic Model of Decision Making.- Deviation from the Legalistic Model.- Summary and Conclusions.- Courts as Arenas for Group Politics.- Group Activity in the Appointment Process.- Direct Involvement of Groups in Litigation.- Amicus and Other Activity.- The Extent of Interest Group Involvement.- A Few Words of Caution.- Judicial Behavior.- The Judicial Personality.- The Socialization Process.- Judicial Attitudes.- The Judicial Role.- Judicial Interaction.- Summary and Conclusions.- Decision Theory and Judicial Decisions.- Defining Decision Theory and Reviewing the Literature.- Deducing the Effects of Policy Changes.- Optimizing Alternative Public Policies.- Some Conclusions.- References.- 6 Presidential Behavior.- The President’s Environment: Institutional Constraints on Behavior.- Presidential Roles in Historical Perspective.- The President as Manager/Leader.- The President’s Options vis-à-vis the Bureaucracy.- The President and Congress: Separated Institutions Having to Share Powers.- Summary: The State of the Institutionalized Presidency.- Personality and Presidential Behavior.- Conclusion: Presidential Behavior in an Era of Limits.- References.

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