The impossibility of testing the depth hypothesis of 1960 of a connection between the complexities of grammar and a limited human temporary memory led to questioning the ancient grammatical foundations of linguistics and to developing standard hard-science foundations. This volume is the first detailed report on how to reconstitute linguistics on the new hard-science foundation laid by Victor H. Yngve in 1996.
Hard-science (human) linguistics is the scientific study of how people communicate. It studies people and also communicative energy flow and other relevant parts of the physical environment. It studies the real world, not the world of language, and it develops theories testable against real-world evidence as is standard in the hard sciences. Hard-science linguistics takes its rightful place connecting the humanities and social sciences to biology, chemistry and physics. Thus linguistics becomes a natural science and contributes to the unity of science. This unity is clearly evident in the research reported here by these fifteen pioneering authors from diverse areas as they work to reconstitute linguistics as a true hard science.
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About the Author
Victor H. Yngve is Professor Emeritus in Linguistics and Psychology at the University of Chicago.
Zdzislaw Wasik is Professor in the School of English at Adam Mickiewicz University, Poland.
Table of Contents
Introduction (Victor H. Yngve)
Part I: Orientation to Hard-Science Linguistics1. The Depth Hypothesis and the New Hard-Science Linguistics (Victor H. Yngve)2. Issues in Hard-Science Linguistics (Victor H. Yngve)3. An Introduction to Hard-Science Linguistics (Victor H. Yngve)4. Rules of Order (Victor H. Yngve)
Part II: Reconstituting Phonetics-Phonology5. Towards a Physical Definition of the Vowel Systems of Languages (Laura L. Koenig, Long Island University and Haskins Laboratories)6. Articulatory Events are Given in Advance (Douglas N. Honorof, Haskins Laboratories)7. An Outline of Hard-Science Phonetics-Phonology (Victor H. Yngve)
Part III: In Search of Context8. Reconstituting Notions of Reference (Lara Burazer, University of Ljubljana)9. Reconstituting Austin's Verdictives (Bernard Paul Sypniewski, Rowan University, New Jersey)10. Analysis of a Business Negotiation (Mojca Schlamberger Brezar, University of Ljubljana)11. Lottery Betting (Bernard Paul Sypniewski)
Part IV: Variational and Historical Linguistics12. Moving a Classic Applied Linguistics Study into the Real World (Douglas W. Coleman, University of Toledo)13. Describing Frisian Communities in Terms of Human Linguistics (Elzbieta Wasik, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poland)14. Mayday or M'aider: A Call for Help in Understanding Linguistic Change (Janusz Malak, Opole University, Poland)15. Linguistic Change as Changes in Linkages: Fifteenth-Century English (Carl Mills, University of Cincinnati)
Part V: Social and Psychological Issues16. The Victorian Stereotype of an Irishman (Anna Cislo, University of Wroclaw, Poland)17. Needs as Expressed in Educational Discourse on the Basis of Textbooks in Linguistics (Piotr Czajka, University of Wroclaw, Poland)
Part VI: Practical Applications18. The Question of Translation (Martina Ozbot, University of Ljubljana)19. Communicating Scientific Experiments in Jourbanal Articles (W. John Hutchins, retired from University of East Anglia)
Part VII: Disciplinary Considerations20. The Riches of the New World (Victor H. Yngve and Zdzislaw Wasik)21. Coping with Cultural Differences (Victor H. Yngve and Zdzislaw Wasik)22. The Conduct of Hard-Science Research (Victor H. Yngve)23. To be a Scientist (Victor H. Yngve)