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Bedford/St. Martin's
Harriet Tubman and the Fight for Freedom: A Brief History with Documents / Edition 1

Harriet Tubman and the Fight for Freedom: A Brief History with Documents / Edition 1

by Lois E. Horton


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Harriet Tubman and the Fight for Freedom: A Brief History with Documents / Edition 1

Harriet Tubman is a legendary figure in the history of American slavery and the Underground Railroad. In the introduction to this compelling volume, Lois Horton reveals the woman behind the legend and addresses the ways in which Tubman's mythic status emerged in her own lifetime and beyond. Going beyond mere biography, Horton weaves through Tubman's story the larger history of slavery, the antislavery movement, the Underground Railroad, the increasing sectionalism of the pre-Civil War era, as well as the war and post-war Reconstruction. A rich collection of accompanying documents — including the Fugitive Slave Acts, letters, newspaper articles, advertisements and tributes to Tubman — shed light on Tubman's relationships with key abolitionist figures such as Frederick Douglass and William Lloyd Garrison; her role in the women's rights movement; and her efforts on behalf of fugitive slaves and freed blacks through the Civil War and beyond. A chronology of Tubman's life, along with questions for consideration and a selected bibliography, enhance this important volume.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780312464516
Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
Publication date: 02/15/2013
Edition description: First Edition
Pages: 180
Sales rank: 581,937
Product dimensions: 5.51(w) x 8.16(h) x 0.38(d)

About the Author

Lois E. Horton (Ph.D., Brandeis University) is Professor of History Emerita at George Mason University. Her work focuses on African American communities, race, gender, and social change. With James Oliver Horton she has written and edited numerous books, including Slavery and Public History: The Tough Stuff of American Memory; Slavery and the Making of America; Hard Road to Freedom: The Story of African America; and In Hope of Liberty: Culture, Community and Protest among Northern Free Blacks, 1700-1860. For several years she also served on the scholarly advisory committee of the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center in Cincinnati, Ohio.

Table of Contents

Foreword iii

Preface v

List of Map and Illustrations xii

Part 1 Introduction: An Uncommon Woman and Her Times 1

Myth and Reality 1

Slavery in Maryland 3

The Multiracial Underground Railroad and Antislavery Movement 11

Radical Antislavery 14

Resistance to the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 17

The Moses of Her People 20

Growing Sectional Tensions and Greater Militancy 33

Tubman and the Antislavery Network 37

John Brown's War 42

The Divisive Politics of 1860 and a Perilous Rescue 52

Fighting the War to End Slavery 56

Tubman's Postwar Life 74

Tubman's Life into the Twentieth Century 80

Harriet Tubman in History and Memory 85

Part 2 The Documents 101

1 U.S. Constitution, Provision regarding Fugitive Slaves, 1787 103

2 Fugitive Slave Law, 1793 104

3 Fugitive Slave Law, 1850 106

4 Austin Bearse, Reminiscences of Fugitive-Slave Law Days in Boston, 1818-1830 110

5 Solomon Northup, Kidnapped into Slavery, 1853 112

6 Eliza Ann Brodess, Runaway Advertisement, 1849 116

7 Liberator, Slave-Hunters in Boston, November 1, 1850 117

8 Thomas Garrett, Sending Underground Railroad Passengers to Philadelphia, 1854 119

9 William Still, Moses Arrives with Six Passengers, 1872 120

10 Boston Vigilance Committee, Fugitive Slaves Aided by the Vigilance Committee since the Passage of the Fugitive Slave Bill 1850,1850-1858 122

11 John Brown, Letter to John Brown Jr., April 8,1858 124

12 Liberator, Tubman Addresses Fourth of July Meeting, July 8, 1859 126

13 Lewis Hayden, Letter, to John Brown, September 16, 1859 127

14 Douglass' Monthly, Charles Nalle Rescue, June 1860 128

15 William Wells Brown, Emancipation Eve, December 31, 1862 130

16 Commonwealth, Account of Combahee River Raid, July 10, 1863 132

17 Commonwealth, Solicitation of Aid for Harriet Tubman, August 12, 1864 133

18 Freedmen's Record, Moses, March 1865 134

19 Thomas Garrett, Memories of Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad, June 1868 140

20 Frederick Douglass and Wendell Phillips, Testimonials, June and August 1868 142

21 William Wells Brown, Moses, 1874 144

22 Sarah H. Bradford, Harriet Tubman Biographies, 1869 and 1886 145

23 Harriet Tubman Davis, Affidavit, May 28,1892 149

24 Harriet Tubman Davis, Affidavit, November 10, 1894 150

25 Wilbur H. Siebert, Letter to Earl Conrad, September 4, 1940 152

26 U.S. Senate, Committee on Pensions Report, 1899 153

27 Syracuse Herald, To End Days in Home She Founded, June 4, 1911 156

28 New York Times, Harriet Tubman Davis Obituary, March 14, 1913 158

29 Auburn Citizen, Harriet Tubman Memorialized, June 11, 1914 159


A Chronology of the Life and Times of Harriet Tubman (1822-1913) 161

Questions for Consideration 163

Selected Bibliography 165

Index 171

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