In 2002, a researcher for The Harvard Crimson came across a restricted archive labeled "Secret Court Files, 1920." The mystery he uncovered involved a tragic scandal in which Harvard University secretly put a dozen students on trial for homosexuality and then systematically and persistently tried to ruin their lives.
In May of 1920, Cyril Wilcox, a freshman suspended from Harvard, was found sprawled dead on his bed, his room filled with gas--a suicide. The note he left behind revealed his secret life as part of a circle of (cut "young") homosexual students.The resulting witch hunt and the lives it cost remains one of the most shameful episodes in the history of America's premiere university. Supported by legendary Harvard President Lawrence Lowell, Harvard conducted its investigation in secrecy. Several students committed suicide; others had their lives destroyed by an ongoing effort on the part of Harvard to destroy their reputations. Harvard's Secret Court is a deeply moving indictment of the human toll of intolerance and the horrors of injustice that can result when a powerful institution loses its balance.
|Publisher:||St. Martin's Press|
|File size:||410 KB|
About the Author
William Wright graduated from Yale University in 1952. He is a New York Times bestselling author who has contributed to Vanity Fair, Town and Country, and the New York Times.
Table of Contents
|Prologue: A Dark Place||1|
|Part 1||The Students|
|1||A Death on High Street||9|
|3||A Walk Along the Charles||35|
|4||A Rare Outbreak of Evil||45|
|5||Harvard and the Homosexual||61|
|6||America's Gay Dossier||79|
|7||A Party in Perkins||87|
|8||The Court in Session||95|
|9||The Cunning and the Damned||107|
|10||Farce to Tragedy||119|
|Part 2||Surviving Harvard|
|13||The Kenneth Day Story||163|
|14||The Joe Lumbard Story||175|
|15||The Keith Smerage Story||187|
|17||The Nathaniel Wollf Story||215|
|18||The Lester Wilcox Story||223|
|19||Homophobia's Long March||243|
|Epilogue: Discovering Secrets||275|
Most Helpful Customer Reviews
Power corrupts. Common theme. We are seeing it in the media everyday. The arrogance of power leads to the suffering of individuals. In 1920, the suicide of a Harvard student led to a secret court that set about purging the campus of the harmful effects of homosexuality. The court, convened by President A. Lawrence Lowell, blazed through a small community of students ignited by the distraught and angry brother of the dead youth. William Wright narrates the story of this event hidden for 82 years in his book Harvard¿s Secret Court: The Savage 1920 Purge of Campus Homosexuals. Cyril Wilcox¿s suicide was the first domino that resulted indirectly with 2 more suicides and numerous life aspirations of families and students being destroyed. Wright attempts to uncover the motivation behind this court. Was Lowell¿s flamboyantly lesbian sister a fuel for the fire. Was it fueled by the courts view that homosexuality, despite quickly changing views and the influence of homosexuality on a rich culture, had no place in an institution that took its job of creating the men of a nation serious. Wright looks at this and offers his own insights and opinions. It was not enough that students were expelled from Harvard. Harvard expected them to get far from Cambridge. The expelled students were informed that any attempt to reference their time at Harvard would lead to letters describing explicitly their crimes. This in effect ended the college careers of promising young men. Men whose immediate and extended families had invested much in these youth¿s future. Joe Lumbard, one student expelled, was allowed to return the following year. If Lumbard is an example of the caliber of futures lost, it is truly sad. Joe Lumbard had legal career that spanned 8 decades. He won glory as a federal prosecutor. He sat on the New York supreme court. He was cofounder of the OSS, which later became the CIA. He conclude his career as a senior judge on the US Court of Appeals. In 1967 Lumbard was close to a seat on the Supreme Court but in the end, Lyndon Johnson selected another lawyer in Lumbard¿s firm, Thurgood Marshall. Lumbard was even elected to the Board of Overseers of Harvard. Lumbard¿s opinion was that 'the legal system was in place to help people resolve conflicts, but not to impose anything on anyone'. What would Joe Lumbard say about the current discrimination issues rampant in communities today? Wright shows the reader how the entire country benefited from Lumbard¿s work. As late as 1953, his expulsion from Harvard turned up during an FBI background search. Lumbard¿s crime? He was not gay, but simply was too friendly to the campus homosexuals. Wrights book is powerful both in its content and warning. The tides of public opinion can be unpredictable, and the vindictiveness of those in power can have long term effects. Humanity deserves better.