Hawaiian Grammar

Hawaiian Grammar

ISBN-10:
082482489X
ISBN-13:
9780824824891
Pub. Date:
04/28/2001
Publisher:
University of Hawaii Press, The
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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780824824891
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press, The
Publication date: 04/28/2001
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 193
Sales rank: 793,433
Product dimensions: 6.46(w) x 9.30(h) x 0.53(d)

Table of Contents

Tablesxi
Prefacexiii
Abbreviations and Explanationsxvii
1Previous Studies of Hawaiian Grammar1
1.1Chamisso1
1.2Humboldt and Buschmann3
1.3Hale4
1.4Andrews and Alexander4
1.5Primitives and Evolution6
1.6The Last Hundred Years8
2The Sound System10
2.1Consonants (p, k, ', h, l, m, n, w)10
2.2Vowels (i, i, e, e, a, a, u, u, o, o)14
2.3Word Stress16
2.4Junctures18
2.5Stress in Phrases and Sentences18
2.6Pitch Levels21
2.7Natural Fast Speech22
2.8Dialect Variations23
2.8.1Ni'ihau Dialect23
2.8.2n for l and Glottal Stop for l and k25
2.9Loan Words27
2.9.1English as a Source27
2.9.2The Word for Horse30
2.9.3Biblical Terms31
2.9.4Other Sources33
2.10Relative Frequencies of Sounds34
2.11Drift35
2.12Notes on Orthography36
3From Sentence to Affix39
3.1Sentences39
3.2Phrases41
3.3Words43
3.4Particles44
3.5Affixes44
4Classification of Verbs; Verblike Idioms46
4.1Basis of the Classification46
4.2Intransitive Verbs (vi)48
4.3Transitive Verbs (vt)48
4.4Stative Verbs (vs)49
4.5Multiple-class Verbs51
4.6Verblike Idioms54
5Verb Markers57
5.1Classification of Verb Markers57
5.2Aspect Markers57
5.3Tense Marker60
5.4Mood Markers61
6Verb Affixes and Thematic Consonants64
6.1Prefixes and Reduplications64
6.2Reduplications64
6.2.1Types of Reduplication65
6.2.2Meanings of Reduplications66
6.3Prefixes to Verbs: Middle Layer68
6.3.1Prefixes with Causative/Simulative Meanings68
6.3.2Prefixes with Qualitative/Stative Meanings71
6.3.3Other Prefixes74
6.4The Causative/Simulative ho'o- and Its Alternants76
6.5Rare Suffixes78
6.6Thematic Consonants and the Suffixes and Particles They Introduce79
6.6.1Inventory79
6.6.2Nominalizers79
6.6.3Passive/Imperatives83
6.6.4Transitivizers86
6.6.5Possible Analyses88
7Postposed Phrasal Elements90
7.1Some Postposed Particles90
7.2Directionals91
7.3ai96
7.4o-Demonstratives ala, la/-la, ana99
7.5Particles Following the o-Demonstratives100
8Nouns and Substitutes, Locative Nouns, Compounds, Qualifiers105
8.1Nouns105
8.2Pronouns107
8.3Demonstratives110
8.3.1ke-Demonstratives110
8.3.2o-Demonstratives nei and na111
8.3.3ia112
8.3.4ua113
8.3.5neia114
8.3.6pe-Demonstratives114
8.4Possessives115
8.4.1k-Possessives116
8.4.2o- and n-Possessives118
8.5Interrogatives119
8.6Locative Nouns120
8.7Compounds and Qualifiers123
8.7.1Noun Compounds123
8.7.2Verb and Noun-Verb Compounds124
8.7.3Compound Proper Names126
8.7.4Other Compounds126
8.7.5Noun + Qualifier Sequences127
9Prepositions131
9.1Inventory of Prepositions131
9.2Subject Marker: 'o/o131
9.3Multifunctional i/ia and io133
9.3.1i/ia133
9.3.2i/ia/io: Definite Locative134
9.4Locative/Instrumental/Manner: ma135
9.5a: Place to (Emphatic)136
9.6Possessives136
9.6.1a- and o-Possessives136
9.6.2Verbs with a and o140
9.6.3o-Possessives142
9.6.4Fronted Possessives143
9.7Comitative/Instrumental/Similitude: me145
9.8Ablative: mai145
9.9Agentive: e146
9.10Vocative: e/o146
9.11na and no147
9.12Simulative: pe150
9.13Appositional Prepositions150
9.14Prepositional Phrases in Verbless Sentences152
10Determiners, Numerals, and Plurals153
10.1k-Words153
10.2Articles154
10.3Numerals158
10.4Other Plural Markers162
11Conjunctions and Complex Sentences164
11.1Conjunctions164
11.2Combining Phrases: Order168
11.3Combining Sentences169
11.4A Complex Sentence Analyzed171
11.5The Role of Fronting: A Summary172
12Interjections174
Glossary179
References185
Index191

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