Healing and Society in Medieval England: A Middle Enlish Tranlation of the Pharmaceutical Writings of Gilbertus Anglicus

Healing and Society in Medieval England: A Middle Enlish Tranlation of the Pharmaceutical Writings of Gilbertus Anglicus

by Faye M. Getz

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Overview

Healing and Society in Medieval England: A Middle Enlish Tranlation of the Pharmaceutical Writings of Gilbertus Anglicus by Faye M. Getz

Originally composed in Latin by Gilbertus Anglicus (Gilbert the Englishman), his Compendium of Medicine was a primary text of the medical revolution in thirteenth-century Europe. Composed mainly of medicinal recipes, it offered advice on diagnosis, medicinal preparation, and prognosis. In the fifteenth-century it was translated into Middle English to accommodate a widening audience for learning and medical “secrets.”
    Faye Marie Getz provides a critical edition of the Middle English text, with an extensive introduction to the learned, practical, and social components of medieval medicine and a summary of the text in modern English. Getz also draws on both the Latin and Middle English texts to create an extensive glossary of little-known Middle English pharmaceutical and medical vocabulary.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780299129309
Publisher: University of Wisconsin Press
Publication date: 10/28/1991
Series: History of Science and Medicine Series , #8
Edition description: 1
Pages: 368
Product dimensions: 7.00(w) x 9.00(h) x (d)

About the Author

Faye Marie Getz lives in Norfolk, England, and has honorary academic appointments in the history and philosophy of science at the University of Cambridge and the Wellcome Trust Centre for the History of Medicine at University College London. She appeared as a medieval physician in Terry Jones’ Medieval Lives, an Emmy-nominated BBC documentary.

Table of Contents

Preface

Introduction

    I. Historical Background

        A. Theoretical Justifications for Pharmaceutical Practices

        B. Pharmacy, Medicine, and Commerce

    II. The Practice of Medicine in the Middle English Gilbertus Anglicus

        A. Anatomy

        B. Physiology

        C. Diagnosis

        D. Therapeutics

        E. Preparation of Medicines

    III. The Middle English Gilbertus Anglicus and Its Relationship to Middle English Recipe Collections

    IV. The Middle English Gilbertus Anglicus as a Translation

        A. The Mechanics of Translation: A Comparison of the Middle English and Latin Texts

        B. Neologism in the Middle English Gilbertus Anglicus

        C. The Lexicon of the Middle English Gilbertus Anglicus

        D. Modification of the Middle English Gilbertus Anglicus by the Copyist of Wellcome MS 537: The Removal of References to Diseases of Women and Children

    V. Gilbertus Anglicus and the Latin Text

        A. The Writings of Gilbertus Anglicus

        B. Gilbertus Anglicus and His Reputation

    VI. Description of the Manuscript

        A. Binding

        B. Physical Description

        C. Contents of the Manuscript

        D. Watermarks

        E. Dating and Script    

        F. Provenance

        G. Scribal Correction and Glossing

        H. Dialect and Orthographical Peculiarities

    VII. Editing the Manuscript

        A. Editorial Procedures

        B. Transcription Procedures

    VIII. The Middle English Gilbertus Anglicus as Part of a Compendium

        A. MSS Containing the Middle English Gilbertus Anglicus with the Incipit A mon pat woll help men in her sykeness

        B. MSS Containing the Middle English Gilbertus Anglicus with the Incipit Scotomy is such


    IX. Conclusion

The Middle English Gilbertus Anglicus from Wellcome MS 537

    Chapter I: The Head

        1. Headache

        2. Other Sicknesses of the Head

        3. Frenzy

        4. Mania

        5. Lethargy

        6. Epilepsy

        7. Apoplexy

    Chapter II: The Eyes

        1. Ache of the Eyes

        2. Ophthalmia

        3. Web, Cloth, and Nail

        4. Red Eyes

        5. Watery Eyes

        6. Canker of the Eye

        7. Injury to the Cornea

        8. Feebleness of the Sight

    Chapter III: The Eyelids and Lashes

    Chapter IV: The Ears

        1. Earache

        2. Apostem of the Ear

        3. Flowing of Blood at the Ears

        4. Worms in the Ears

        5. Ringing in the Ears

        6. Deafness

    Chapter V: The Nose

        1. The Pose

        2. Stinking of the Nostrils

        3. Nosebleed

        4. Gutta Rosacea

    Chapter VI: The Mouth

        1. Cracked Lips

        2. Stinking of the Mouth

    Chapter VII: The Teeth

        1. Toothache

        2. Worms in the Teeth

        3. Rotting of the Teeth

    Chapter VIII: The Tongue and Throat

        1. The Tongue

        2. Quinsy

    Chapter IX: The Upper Chest

        1. Hoarseness

        2. Stricture of the Breast

        3. The Cough

    Chapter X: The Lungs

        1. Apostem

        2. Spitting of Blood

        3. Spitting of Gleet

        4. Phthisis

        5. Difficulty in Breathing

    Chapter XI: The Heart

        1. The Cardiacle

        2. Syncope

    Chapter XII: The Stomach

        1. Dlfficulty in Swallowing

        2. Defective Appetite

        3. Lack of Thirst

        4. Excessive Thirst

        5. Burping

        6. Hiccups

        7. Vomiting

        8. To Stop Vomiting

        9. The Mouth of the Stomach

        10. Stomach Ache

        11. Apostem of the Stomach

        12. Colic of the Stomach

    Chapter XIII: The Guts

        1. Dysentery

        2. Bloody Flux

        3. Diarrhea

        4. Lienteria

        5. Colic

        6. Worms in the Guts

        7. Tenesmus

        8. Prolapsed Rectum

    Chapter XIV: The Liver

        1. Distemper of the Liver

        2. Stopping of the Liver

        3. Apostem of the Liver

    Chapter XV: The Spleen

    Chapter XVI: The Kidneys

        1. Ache of the Kidneys

        2. Apostem of the Kidneys

        3. Stones in the Kidneys and Bladder

    Chapter XVII: The Bladder

        1. Strangury

        2. Pissing of Blood

        3. Diabetes

        4. Urinary Incontinence

        5. The Siphac

    Chapter XVIII: The Penis

        1. Satyriasis

        2. Gonorrhea

        3. Pimples and Apostems

        4. Swelling of the Scrotum

    Chapter XIX: Hemorrhoids

Commentary

Glossary

Alphabetical List of Plants by Genus

Bibliography

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