The Heath Anthology of American Literature: Volume B / Edition 7 available in Paperback
Unrivaled diversity and ease of use have made THE HEATH ANTHOLOGY OF AMERICAN LITERATURE: VOLUME B: EARLY NINETEENTH CENTURY, 1800-1865, 7th Edition, a best-selling text since 1989, when the first edition was published. In presenting a more inclusive canon of American literature, the seventh edition of Volume B continues to balance the traditional, leading names in American literature with lesser-known writers. Available in five volumes for greater flexibility, the 7th Edition offers thematic groupings, called In Focus, to stimulate classroom discussions and showcase the treatment of important topics across the genres.
About the Author
Paul Lauter is the Smith Professor of Literature at Trinity College. He has served as president of the American Studies Association and is a major figure in the revision of the American literary canon.
Richard Yarborough is Professor of English and African American Studies at the University of California-Los Angeles. His work focuses on African American literature and on the construction of race in U.S. culture. He directs the University Press of New England's Library of Black Literature series.
John Alberti teaches at Northern Kentucky University and has a Ph.D. in American literature from UCLA. His main area of research is multicultural American literature and culture.
Mary Pat Brady teaches U.S. Literature. She has written extensively on contemporary U.S. Latino literature.
Dr. Bryer is an expert on F. Scott Fitzgerald and is president of the International F. Scott Fitzgerald Society. He was an editor of DEAR SCOTT, DEAREST ZELDA: THE LOVE LETTERS OF F. SCOTT AND ZELDA FITZGERALD (Macmillan).
Table of Contents
Publishing: Growth and Goals. Religion and Common Culture. The Debates over Racism and Slavery. The Debate over Women's "Sphere". The Many Cultures of America. The Rise of Industry. Individualism and/vs. Community. Native America. Red Jacket (Seneca) (c. 1758-1830). On the Religion of the White Man and the Red. Mary Jemison (Deh-he-wä-mis) (1743-1833) from Narrative of the Life of Mrs. Mary Jemison. Preface. Introduction. Chapter I. Chapter II. Chapter III. Chapter IV. Chapter VI. Chapter X. Chapter XVI. Black Hawk (Makataimeshekiakiak; Sauk) (1767-1838) from Life of Black Hawk or ma-ne-se-no oke-maut wap-pi ma-quai. Seattle (Duwamish) (1786-1866). Speech of Chief Seattle. John Wannuaucon Quinney (Mahican) (1797-1855). Quinney's Speech. George Copway (Kah-ge-ga-gah-bowh; Ojibwa) (1818-1869). from The Life of Kah-ge-ga-gah-bowh. John Rollin Ridge (Cherokee) (1827-1867). Oppression of Digger Indians. The Atlantic Cable. The Stolen White Girl. A Scene Along the Rio de las Plumas. SPANISH AMERICAS. Tales from the Hispanic Southwest. La comadre Sebastiana/Do a Sebastiana. Los tres hermanos (The Three Brothers). El obispo (The New Bishop). El indito de las cien vacas (The Indian and the Hundred Cows). La Llorona. Legend of La Llorona. Carmen Tafolla xxxx-xxxx. La Llorona, Crying Lady of the Creekbeds, 483 Years Old, and Aging. Narratives from the Mexican and Early American Southwest. Pio Pico (1801-1894). from Historical Narrative. Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo (1808-1890). from Recuerdos historicos y personales tocante a la alta California. Alfred Robinson (1806-1895). from Life in California. Valentin de Foronda (xxxx-xxxx). Letter concerning.What a Prince Should Do with His Colonies Held at a Great Distance. Jose Maria Heredia (xxxx-xxxx). En una tempestad: Oda al huracán (Spanish). In a Tempest: An Ode to the Hurricane (English). Anonymous. Excerpt from Xicotenctl. Jose Maria Tornel (xxxx-xxxx). Tejas y los Estandos-Unidos de America en Sus Relaciones con la Republica Mexicana. Vicente Perez Rosales (xxxx-xxxx). from Times Gone By. EXPANSION AND THE WAR AGAINST MEXICO. John L O'Sullivan or Jane McManus Storm (xxxx-xxxx). Annexation. James Russell Lowell (xxxx-xxxx). from Biglow Papers. Frederick Douglass (xxxx-xxxx). The War with Mexico, North Star Editorial. U.S. Congress and United Mexican States. Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo. IN FOCUS: CUBA IN THE ANTEBELLUM U.S. IMAGINATION. Martin Delany (xxxx-xxxx). from Blake, or The Huts of America. Lucy Holcombe Pickens (xxxx-xxxx). from The Free Flag of Cuba. Juan Clemente Zenea (xxxx-xxxx). El filibuster. Miguel Tolon (xxxx-xxxx). El Segundo Aniversario de La Verdad. THE CULTURES OF NEW ENGLAND. Lydia Howard Huntley Sigourney (1791-1865). The Suttee. Death of an Infant. To the First Slave Ship. Remonstrance of the Creek Indians against Being Removed from Their Own Territory. The Indian's Welcome to the Pilgrim Fathers. Indian Names. Niagara. To a Shred of Linen. The Indian Summer. Fallen Forests. William Apess (Pequot) (1798-?). An Indian's Looking-Glass for the White Man. from Eulogy on King Philip. Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882). Nature. Divinity School Address. The American Scholar. Self-Reliance. The Poet. Experience. Concord Hymn. The Rhodora. The Snow-Storm. Compensation. Hamatreya. Brahma. Days. Terminus. John Greenleaf Whittier (1807-1892). The Hunters of Men. The Farewell. Massachusetts to Virginia. At Port Royal. Sarah Margaret Fuller (1810-1850). To [Sophia Ripley?]. from Woman in the Nineteenth Century. from Things and Thoughts in Europe: Foreign Correspondence of the Tribune. Dispatch 17. Dispatch 18. Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862). Resistance to Civil Government. from Walden. Where I Lived, and What I Lived For. Higher Laws. Spring Conclusion. A Plea for Captain John Brown. Walking. IN FOCUS: RACE AND SLAVERY. John Quincy Adams (1767-1848). from Memoirs of John Quincy Adams. Thomas Roderick Dew (1802-1846). An Argument Upholding Slavery. Angela Davis (b. 1944). from Reflections on the Black Woman's Role in the Community of Slaves. Levi Coffin (1798-1877). from Reminiscences of Levi Coffin, the Reputed President of the Underground Railroad. Thornton Stringfellow (1788-1869). from A Brief Examination of Scripture Testimony on the Institution of Slavery. Leon Litwack (b. 1929). from North of Slavery: The Negro in the Free States, 1790-1860. U.S. Congress. from Fugitive Slave Act of 1850. Martin R. Delaney (1812-1885) and Frederick Douglass (1818-1895). An Exchange. Chief Justice Roger B. Taney (1777-1864). from Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857). John Brown (1800-1859). from John Brown's Last Speech and Letters. Mortimer Thomson (1831-1875). Great Auction Sales of Slaves at Savannah, Georgia. Race, Slavery, and the Invention of the "South". David Walker (1785-1830). from Appeal . . . to the Coloured Citizens of the World (Third edition, 1829). William Lloyd Garrison (1805-1879). Editorial from the First Issue of The Liberator. Declaration of Sentiments of the American Anti-Slavery Convention. Lydia Maria Child (1802-1880). from Appeal in Favor of That Class of Americans Called Africans. Preface. Chapter VIII, Prejudices against People of Color . . . from Letters from New York. 14 , [Homelessness]. 20 , [Birds]. 33, [Antiabolitionist mobs]. 34 [50, 51], [Women's Rights]. The Duty of Disobedience to the Fugitive Slave Act: An Appeal to the Legislators of Massachusetts. Angelina Grimke (1805-1879). from Appeal to the Christian Women of the South. Henry Highland Garnet (1815-1882). An Address to the Slaves of the United States of America, Buffalo, N.Y., 1843. Frederick Douglass (1818-1895). from Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave. Preface [William Lloyd Garrison]. Letter from Wendell Phillips, Esq. Chapters I-XI. Appendix. A Parody. What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July? The Present. The Internal Slave Trade. Religious Liberty. The Church Responsible. Religion in England and Religion in America. The Constitution. The Heroic Slave Nancy Gardner Prince (1799-c. 1859?) from A Narrative of the Life and Travels of Mrs. Nancy Prince. Caroline Lee Hentz (1800-1856). from The Planter's Northern Bride. George Fitzhugh (1804-1881). from Sociology for the South. Frances Ellen Watkins Harper (1825-1911). The Slave Mother. The Tennessee Hero. Free Labor. An Appeal to the American People. The Colored People in America. Speech: On the Twenty-Fourth Anniversary of the American Anti-Slavery Society. The Two Offers. Thomas Wentworth Higginson (1823-1911). from Nat Turner's Insurrection. Letter to Mrs. Higginson on Emily Dickinson. Harriet Ann Jacobs (1813-1897). from Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl. Chapter I, Childhood. Chapter VI, The Jealous Mistress. Chapter X, A Perilous Passage in the Slave Girl's Life. Chapter XVI, Scenes at the Plantation. Chapter XXI, The Loophole of Retreat. Chapter XLI, Free at Last. Harriet Jacobs to Ednah Dow Cheney, April 25, 1867. Mary Boykin Chesnut (1823-1886). from Mary Chesnut's Civil War. March 18, 1861. August 26, 1861. October 13, 1861. October 20, 1861. January 16, 1865. January 17, 1865. Wendell Phillips (1811-1884). from Toussaint L'Ouverture. Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865). Address at the Dedication of the Gettysburg National Cemetery. Second Inaugural Address. In Focus: The Cherokee Nation and the Anglo Nation. Anonymous. from Cherokee Vision of Elohi. Cherokee Women. Petition, May 2, 1817. Petition, June 30, 1818. Petition, October 17, 1821 [1831?]. John Ridge (Cherokee) (c. 1802-1939). Letter to Albert Gallatin (1826). Elias Boudinot (Cherokee) (c. 1802-1839). An Address to the Whites (1826). Cherokee Nation. from Cherokee Nation Constitution. Sequoyah. Image of the syllabary, or Phoenix with dual translation. Georgia State Assembly. Laws Extending Jurisdiction over the Cherokees. Andrew Jackson (1767-1845). On Indian Removal: The President's Message to Congress. U.S. Congress. from Indian Removal Act (1830). Chief Justice John Marshall (1755-1835). from Cherokee Nation v. Georgia (1831). from Worcester v. Georgia (1832). John Ross (Cherokee) (1790-1866). Letter to Lewis Cass, February 14, 1833. Letter to Andrew Jackson, March 28, 1834. Letter to a Friend, 1836. Annual Address. Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882). Letter to Martin Van Buren, President of the United States, 1838. Literature and the "Woman Question". Sarah Moore Grimke (1792-1873). from Letters on the Equality of the Sexes, and the Condition of Woman. Letter VIII, The Condition of Women in the United States. Letter XV, Man Equally Guilty with Woman in the Fall. Angelina Grimke (1805-1879). from Letters to Catharine Beecher. Letter XI. Letter XII, Human Rights Not Founded on Sex. Sojourner Truth (c. 1797-1883). Reminiscences by Frances D. Gage of Sojourner Truth, for May 28-29, 1851. Sojourner Truth's Speech at the Akron, Ohio, Women's Rights Meeting. Speech at New York City Convention. Address to the First Annual Meeting of the American Equal Rights Association. Fanny Fern (Sara Willis Parton) (1811-1872). Hints to Young Wives. from Fern Leaves, 1st Series. Thanksgiving Story. from Fern Leaves, 2nd Series. Soliloquy of a Housemaid. Critics. Mrs. Adolphus Smith Sporting the "Blue Stocking". Male Criticism on Ladies' Books. A Law More Nice Than Just. Independence. The Working-Girls of New York. Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1815-1902). from Eighty Years and More: Reminiscences. Declaration of Sentiments. The Development of Narrative. In Focus: Humor of the Old Southwest. Davy Crockett (1786-1836). from The Crockett Almanacs. Sunrise in His Pocket. A Pretty Predicament. Crockett's Daughters. Mike Fink (1770?-1823?). from The Crockett Almanacs. Mike Fink's Brag. Mike Fink Trying to Scare Mrs. Crockett. Sal Fink, the Mississippi Screamer, How She Cooked Injuns. The Death of Mike Fink (recorded by Joseph M. Field). Augustus Baldwin Longstreet (1790-1870). The Horse Swap. George Washington Harris (1814-1869). Mrs. Yardley's Quilting. Washington Irving (1783-1859). from A History of New York; From the Beginning of the World to the End of the Dutch Dynasty by Diedrich Knickerbocker. Book I, Chapter 5. Rip Van Winkle. The Legend of Sleepy Hollow. James Fenimore Cooper (1789-1851). from The Pioneers, or the Sources of the Susquehanna; A Descriptive Tale. Chapter XXI. Chapter XXII. Chapter XXIII. Catharine Maria Sedgwick (1789-1867). from Hope Leslie. from Volume 1, Chapter 7. from Volume 2, Chapter 1. from Volume 2, Chapter 8. Caroline Kirkland (1801-1864). from A New Home: Who'll Follow? Preface. Preface to the Fourth Edition. Chapter I. Chapter XV. Chapter XVII. Chapter XXVII. Chapter XLIII. Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-1864). My Kinsman, Major Molineux. Alice Doane's Appeal. Young Goodman Brown. The Minister's Black Veil. The Birth-mark. Rappaccini's Daughter. Mrs. Hutchinson. from Abraham Lincoln (March-April 1862). Letters. To Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, June 4, 1837. To Sophia Peabody, April 13, 1841. To H. W. Longfellow, June 5, 1849. To J. T. Fields, January 20, 1850. To J. T. Fields, Undated draft. To H. W. Longfellow, January 2, 1864. from The House of the Seven Gables . Preface. Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849). Ligeia. The Fall of the House of Usher. The Man of the Crowd. The Tell-Tale Heart. The Black Cat. The Purloined Letter. The Philosophy of Composition. from The Poetic Principle . Sonnet: To Science. Romance. To Helen. Israfel. The City in the Sea. Bridal Ballad. SonnetSilence. Dream-Land. The Raven. Ulalume. Annabel Lee. Phoebe Cary (1824-1871). Samuel Brown (a parody of "Annabel Lee"). Harriet Beecher Stowe (1811-1896). from Uncle Tom's Cabin. Chapter I, In Which the Reader Is Introduced to a Man of Humanity. Chapter VII, The Mother's Struggle. Chapter XI, In Which Property Gets into an Improper State of Mind. Chapter XIII, The Quaker Settlement. Chapter XIV, Evangeline. Chapter XL, The Martyr. Chapter XLI, The Young Master. from Concluding Remarks . from Preface to the First Illustrated Edition of Uncle Tom's Cabin. from The Minister's Wooing. XXIII, Views of Divine Government. Sojourner Truth, the Libyan Sibyl. William Wells Brown (1815-1884). from Clotelle; or, The Colored Heroine. Chapter II, The Negro Sale. Chapter X, The Quadroon's Home. Chapter XI, To-Day a Mistress, To-Morrow a Slave. Chapter XVIII, A Slave-Hunting Parson. Herman Melville (1819-1891). Bartleby, the Scrivener. The Paradise of Bachelors and the Tartarus of Maids. Benito Cereno. Billy Budd, Sailor. Hawthorne and His Mosses. from Battle-Pieces and Aspects of the War. The Portent (1859). A Utilitarian View of the Monitor's Fight. The Maldive Shark. The Berg (A Dream). from Timoleon. Monody. Art. Julia Ward Howe (1819-1910). from The Hermaphrodite. Mind versus Mill Stream. The Heart's Astronomy. The Battle Hymn of the Republic. Alice Cary (1820-1871). from Clovernook, or Recollections of Our Neighborhood in the West, First Series. Preface. from Clovernook, or Recollections of Our Neighborhood in the West, Second Series. Uncle Christopher's. Conclusion. Elizabeth Stoddard (1823-1902). Lemorne Versus Huell. Rebecca Harding Davis (1831-1910). Life in the Iron-Mills. The Emergence of American Poetic Voices. Songs and Ballads. Songs of the Slaves. Lay Dis Body Down. Nobody Knows the Trouble I've Had. Deep River. Roll, Jordan, Roll. Michael Row the Boat Ashore. Steal Away to Jesus. There's a Meeting Here To-Night. Many Thousand Go. Go Down, Moses. Didn't My Lord Deliver Daniel. Songs of White Communities. John Brown's Body. Pat Works on the Railway. Sweet Betsy from Pike. Bury Me Not on the Lone Prairie. Shenandoah. Clementine. Acres of Clams. Cindy. Paper of Pins. Henry Clay Work, Come Home, Father. Life Is a Toil. William Cullen Bryant (1794-1878). Thanatopsis. The Yellow Violet. To a Waterfowl. To Cole, the Painter, Departing for Europe. To the Fringed Gentian. The Prairies. Abraham Lincoln. Jane Johnston Schoolcraft (Ojibwe) (1800-1841). To the Pine Tree. Lines Written at Castle Island, Lake Superior. Invocation. By an Ojibwa Female Pen: Invitation to Sisters to a Walk in the Garden, after a Shower. The Contrast. To My Ever Beloved and Lamented Son William Henry. On Leaving My Children John and Jane at School, in the Atlantic States, and Preparing to Return to the Interior. Moowis, The Indian Coquette. Mishösha, or the Magician and His Daughters: A Chippewa Tale or Legend. The Forsaken Brother: A Chippewa Tale. The Little Spirit, or Boy-Man: An Odjibwa Tale. The O-jib-way Maid. Two Songs. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1807-1882). A Psalm of Life. A Psalm of Life: What the Heart of the Young Woman Said to the Old Maid (a parody of "A Psalm of Life" by Phoebe Cary). The Warning. The Arsenal at Springfield. The Jewish Cemetery at Newport. Aftermath. Chaucer. The Harvest Moon. Nature. The Tide Rises, the Tide Falls. Frances Sargent Locke Osgood (1811-1850. The Little Hand. The Maiden's Mistake. Oh! Hasten to My Side. A Reply. Lines (Suggested by the announcement that "A Bill for the Protection of the Property of Married Women has passed both Houses" of our State Legislature). Woman. Little Children. To a Slandered Poetess. The Indian Maid's Reply to the Missionary. The Hand That Swept the Sounding Lyre. The Wraith of the Rose. Walt Whitman (1819-1892). Preface to the 1855 Edition of Leaves of Grass. Song of Myself (1855 version). from Inscriptions. One's-Self I Sing. I Hear America Singing. from Children of Adam. To the Garden the World. A Woman Waits for Me. from Calamus. In Paths Untrodden. Recorders Ages Hence. When I Heard at the Close of the Day. I Saw in Louisiana a Live-Oak Growing. Here the Frailest Leaves of Me. I Dream'd in a Dream. Crossing Brooklyn Ferry. from Sea-Drift. Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking. from By the Roadside. Europe, The 72d and 73d Years of These States. When I Heard the Learn'd Astronomer. To a President. The Dalliance of the Eagles. To the States. from Drum-Taps. Beat! Beat! Drums! Cavalry Crossing a Ford. Vigil Strange I Kept on the Field One Night. A March in the Ranks Hard-Prest, and the Road Unknown. Year That Trembled and Reel'd Beneath Me. The Wound-Dresser. Ethiopia Saluting the Colors. Reconciliation. As I Lay with My Head in Your Lap Camerado. from Memories of President Lincoln. When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd. from Autumn Rivulets. Sparkles from the Wheel. Prayer of Columbus. from Whispers of Heavenly Death. Quicksand Years. A Noiseless Patient Spider. from From Noon to Starry Night. To a Locomotive in Winter. from Songs of Parting. So Long! from Sands at Seventy (First Annex). Yonnondio. from Good-bye My Fancy (Second Annex). Good-bye My Fancy! Respondez! Poem Deleted from Leaves of Grass. from Democratic Vistas (1871). Phoebe Cary (1824-1871). The Life of Trial. Worser Moments. The City Life. Jacob. Emily Dickinson (1830-1886). Poems. [One Sister have I in our house,]. [I never lost as much but twice,]. [Success is counted sweetest]. [These are the days when Birds come back]. [Come slowlyEden!]. [I like the look of Agony,]. [Wild NightsWild Nights!]. [I can wade Grief]. [There's a certain Slant of light,]. [I felt a Funeral, in my Brain,]. [I'm Nobody! Who are you?]. [If your Nerve, deny you]. [Your Richestaught mePoverty.]. [I reason, Earth is short]. [The Soul selects her own Society]. [The Soul's Superior instants]. [There came a Day at Summer's full,]. [Some keep the Sabbath going to Church,]. [A Bird came down the Walk]. [After great pain, a formal feeling comes]. [God is a distantstately Lover]. [Dare you see a Soul at the White Heat?]. [Much Madness is divinest Sense]. [This is my letter to the World]. [I showed her Hights she never saw]. [I heard a Fly buzzwhen I died]. [This world is not Conclusion.]. [I'm cededI've stopped being Theirs]. [Her sweet Weight on my Heart a Night]. [I started EarlyTook my Dog]. [I reckonwhen I count at all]. [I had been hungry, all the Years]. [Empty my Heart, of Thee]. [They shut me up in Prose]. [Ourselves were wed one summerdear]. [The Brainis wider than the Sky]. [I cannot live with You]. [I dwel l in Possibility]. [One need not be a Chamberto be Haunted]. [Essentials Oilsare wrung]. [Publicationis the Auction]. [They say that "Time Assuages"]. [Because I could not stop for Death]. [She rose to His Requirementdropt]. [My Life had stooda Loaded Gun]. [Presentimentis that long Shadowon the Lawn]. [This Consciousness that is aware]. [The Poets light but Lamps]. [A narrow Fellow in the Grass]. [Perception of an object costs]. [Title divineis mine!]. [The Bustle in a House]. [Revolution is the Pod]. [Tell all the Truth but tell it slant]. [Not with a Club, the Heart is broken]. [What mystery pervades a well!]. [A Route of Evanescence]. [The Bible is an Antique Volume]. [Rearrange a "Wife's" affection!]. [To make a prairie it takes a clover and one bee,]. LETTERS. To Abiah Root, January 29, 1850. To Austin Dickinson, October 17, 1851. To Susan Gilbert (Dickinson), late April 1852. To Susan Gilbert (Dickinson), June 27, 1852. To Samuel Bowles, about February 1861. To recipient unknown, about 1861. To Susan Gilbert Dickinson, date uncertain. To T. W. Higginson, April 15, 1862. To T. W. Higginson, April 25, 1862. To T. W. Higginson, June 7, 1862. To T. W. Higginson, July 1862. To Mrs. J. G. Holland, early May 1866. To Susan Gilbert Dickinson, about 1870. To Susan Gilbert Dickinson, about 1870. To T. W. Higginson, 1876. To Otis P. Lord [rough draft], about 1878. To Susan Gilbert Dickinson, about 1878. To Susan Gilbert Dickinson, early October 1883. To Susan Gilbert Dickinson, about 1884.