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Heidegger and Nazism based on 0 ratings. 1 reviews.
In this excellent book, Victor Farias examines the roots of Heidegger's philosophy and Nazism. In Being and Time, Heidegger wrote that human existence cannot find its 'authentic destiny' outside 'a people, a community'. He preached 'blood and soil', the 'forces of earth and blood', 'the voice of the blood' and 'racial thought'. He wrote of 'German thinking' and of 'Deutschen Seins' (German existence). He wrote in 1933 of 'the will to the historical spiritual mission of the German Volk as a Volk'. He saw Being as rooted in earth and blood, 'the forces that are rooted in the soil and blood of a Volk'. The Germans were 'the metaphysical people'. Only the Volk was real, authentic, only they could break through the 'inauthenticity' of daily life to reality. Only ancient Greeks and modern Germans were peoples of 'poetry and philosophy'. So only they possess Being; they alone deserve Being. His fundamental will to discrimination opposed the idea of our common humanity. In consequence, he wrote, "racial selection is metaphysically necessary." He wrote, "being-race and domination qua that race are held up as the highest goal." In his Fundamental questions of philosophy, 1933, he wrote, "Be exigent, go to war, venerate - these three things together constitute that single great anguish that must drive us to become our own destiny. We are, to the extent that we demand, that we go to battle, that we venerate, that we continue in that direction." After Hitler's coup, Heidegger praised and aided the racial purging of German universities and society. He saw himself as a 'spiritual guide' for Nazism. On 24 June 1933, he spoke at, and applauded, the book-burning at Freiburg University where he was Rector-Führer. He wrote, "The Führer himself, and he alone, is the present and future of German reality and its law." He began and ended his lectures with the Nazi salute. He paid his Nazi party dues to the end of the war. He denounced Christianity, democracy and Marxism as all Jewish at root. In 1949 he wrote of the Holocaust, "Hundreds of thousands die en masse. Do they die? They perish. They are put down. Do they die? They become supply pieces for stock in the fabrication of corpses. Do they die? They are liquidated unnoticed in death camps." He said, "Agriculture is today a motorized food industry, in essence the same as the manufacture of corpses in gas chambers and extermination camps." He republished in 1953 his Introduction to metaphysics praising 'the inner truth and greatness of National Socialism'. In his last interview, with Der Spiegel in 1976, Heidegger said, "The French assure of this truth again today: when they begin to think they speak German." They realise, "despite their rationalism they are unable to face the present world when it is a question of understanding it in the origin of its essence." He said, "within its proper limits thought ought to help man establish a satisfying relationship with technology. National Socialism certainly took that road." As Rockmore and Margolis concluded in their introduction to Farias' book, "Heidegger was a lifelong Nazi."