In Vorträge und Aufsätze (Public Lectures and Essays) Heidegger declares: 'once it has become anthropology, philosophy perishes from metaphysics.' Remarks critical of 'philosophical anthropology' are scattered throughout his writings, but so far commentators have not connected these tantalizing statements in any systematic way. This book deals with his hostility by addressing what we are to make of Heidegger's frequent but elusive dismissals of philosophical anthropology as a field of study.
This examination of Heidegger's complex relation to philosophical anthropology traces how pioneering thinkers like Schelling and Schiller paved the way not only for Heidegger but also for some of his potential competitors, most notably Max Scheler and Georg Simmel. Weidler argues that confronting the puzzle over Heidegger's peculiar relation to philosophical anthropology is also one of the keys to explaining his popularity as a philosopher, which has endured despite revelations of his various personal and political failings.
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Table of Contents
Introduction: The Decisive Decade from 1936 to 1946 1
Part 1 Back to the 1780s
1 Philosophical Anthropology: Herder's Pantheism as a Subtext for Heidegger's First Schelling Lecture 19
2 Revelation: Heidegger's Second Schelling Lecture vis-à-vis Scheler and Simmel 43
3 "The Origin of the Work of Art": A Critique of Schiller Incognito and the Beginning of Artisan Thinking 70
Part 2 Battleground Nietzsche
4 Heidegger's Nietzsche Volumes: Nihilism, Physiological Aesthetics, and Volitional Metaphysics 89
5 Hegel and Nietzsche in Holzwege: Religious Skepticism, Witnessing, and "Subjectity" 107
Part 3 Poetics at the "Zero Hour"
6 "Why Poets?": Cultural Rebirth and the Poetic Inception of Piety 133
7 The Letter on Humanism: Modulations of the German Poet in a Demonic Text 155
Coda Being and Time as an "Old-Fashioned" Book?
8 Freedom for Death and Prussian Resolve 179
Conclusion: Faith and Fanaticism after Heidegger 201
Selected Bibliography 243