High-Speed Rail in Poland: Advances and Perspectives

High-Speed Rail in Poland: Advances and Perspectives

by Andrzej Zurkowski

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The Railway Research Institute (Instytut Kolejnictwa) in Warsaw was established in 1951 and was, until 2000, part of the Polish State Railways (PKP). At present, it serves as an independent entity, it is subordinated to the minister responsible for transport. Since its inception, the Institute has been the centre of competence for technology, technique and organization of operation and services in rail transport, particularly in respect to innovation. One of its fundamental tasks also includes activities connected with safety which are carried out in close cooperation with the National Safety Authority, i.e. the Office of Rail Transport.

At the same time the Institute participated in the process of upgrading and modernization of the rail network in Poland. Experience in high speed rail, gained as a result of international cooperation and basing on the effort to increase speed on railway lines in Poland (so far 200 km/h), is included in the monograph “Koleje Dużych Prędkości w Polsce” (High Speed Rail in Poland) published in 2015 for the benefit of the Polish reader.

This monograph aims at reaching an international audience of experts so as to present Polish determinants of HSR implementation. In order to elaborate this monograph, apart from specialists from the Railway Research Institute, experts from other research and academic centres were invited. Not only presenting a wide range of problems connected with future construction of High Speed Lines in Polish conditions, but also a number of operational ones. The authors have created a reference work of universal character, solving problems in order to build and operate high speed rail systems in countries on a similar level of development as Poland.


  • providing requirements for design and upgrade of engineering works on High Speed Rail development
  • information on restructuring and building railway lines for countries starting to develop a High Speed Rail system
  • dealing with organizational, engineering, socioeconomic and economic demands for transport services and the formation of human resources for constructing  and operting a High Speed Rails system.

Presenting these problems on the international arena will facilitate future cooperation and application of world experience to create HSR in Poland and integrate the Polish HSR network into the international one.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781351003285
Publisher: CRC Press
Publication date: 07/24/2018
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 522
File size: 26 MB
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About the Author

Andrzej Żurkowski, Ph.D. Eng. Managing Director of the Railway Research Institute since 2006. Andrzej is a graduate of the Warsaw University of Technology (1980), where he obtained a doctoral degree in Technical Sciences (2008), and is Lecturer at the Military University of Technology, Warsaw University of Technology, and the Warsaw School of Economics. Specialist of railway traffic and organization of passenger services, he started his professional career in 1980 in COBiRTK (currently the Railway Research Institute). In 1989–2000 he headed a department in the General Directorate of PKP; and in 2001 created the PKP Intercity Ltd.; and became President of the Board in this company (2001–2004).

Andrzej represented the Ministry of Transport in working group EKTM at OECD and PKP and in many other working groups of the UIC. In 2003–2006, he held the position of Vice-Chairman of the Passenger Commission of UIC. Since 2006, he has been a member of the HS Steering Committee of UIC and a member of Scientific Committee of HS World Congresses. He was the President of Polish Association of Transport Engineers and Technicians in 2012–2014, and since 2009 is a member of the Transport Committee of the Polish Academy of Sciences and has been the Vice-President of the International Railway Research Board (UIC) since 2016.

He is the author of 130 technical and scientific articles and over 100 lectures at various conferences. He is also a co-author of the Railway Traffic and Traffic Control handbook and the author of a few chapters in the monographs on railways (including HSR in Poland).

Table of Contents

1 Development of high-speed rail concept in Poland
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Preliminary feasibility study for the high-speed line Warsaw – Łódź – Poznan/Wroclaw construction
1.3 Feasibility study results for the construction of Warsaw – Łódź – Poznan/Wroclaw line
1.4 Adapting Central Trunk Line to high-speed line parameters
1.5 A high-speed system based on a Warsaw – Łódź – Poznan/Wroclaw line and a Central Trunk Line
1.6 Directional high-speed rail development program in Poland
1.7 International high-speed connection in a TEN-T network
1.8 Possibilities of using high-speed lines for regional and agglomeration transport
1.9 Summary

2 Development of the high-speed rail infrastructure – Polish experience
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Upgraded high-speed lines – international experience
2.3 Upgraded high-speed line – the Polish case
2.4 Scheduled operation of high-speed trains in Poland – the fi rst year of experience
2.5 Conclusions

3 The view on socioeconomic aspects of high-speed system
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Beginning of high-speed rail
3.3 High-speed rail as a means of local development
3.4 Socioeconomic features
3.5 Effects for regions and the country
3.6 Summary

4 Operational effectiveness of high-speed rails
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Operating costs in the functioning of train speed
4.3 Cost-effectiveness of high-speed rails
4.4 Direct benefits on the passenger transport implementation with high-speed trains
4.5 Financial effectiveness of high-speed rails
4.6 Social and economic benefits of high-speed rails
4.7 Summary

5 HSR in Poland: Demand, spatial accessibility, and local spatial planning conditions
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Demand and gravitation
5.3 Spatial accessibility
5.4 Spatial planning at municipality (gmina) level
5.5 Conclusions

6 Adaptation of the Łódź Agglomeration Railway node to a new role in the high-speed rail system
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Location of Łódź within the transport network of Poland and Europe
6.3 Historical conditions of barriers for the development of Łódź Agglomeration Railway node
6.4 The process of planning and routing of the high-speed line running through Łódź
6.5 Description of the modern concept of restructuring of the Łódź Agglomeration Railway node
6.6 Implementation of the Łódź Fabryczna station as a central multimodal hub of the Łódź Agglomeration Railway node
6.7 Role of the Łódź Agglomeration Railway as a modern distribution system for travelers in the region
6.8 Targeted effects of modernization of the Łódź railway node and its surroundings
6.9 Summary

7 European and Polish requirements for a high-speed rail system
7.1 European technical requirements for HS
7.2 Polish technical requirements for HS
7.3 European rules for HS product certification
7.4 Polish rules for HS product certification
7.5 European rules for HS rail system operation
7.6 Polish rules for HS operation

8 High-speed rail passenger services in Poland
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Passenger transport in Poland and in Europe
8.3 Railway passenger services – some basic issues
8.4 Choice of maximum train speed
8.5 Elements of HSR services organization
8.6 Summary

9 Introduction of high-speed rolling stock into operation on the Polish railway network
9.1 Introduction
9.2 High-speed rolling stock
9.3 High-speed rolling stock in Poland
9.4 Vehicle dynamics tests
9.5 Operation of trains with the maximum speed of 200 km/h 225
9.6 Conclusion

10 High-speed rail power supply systems
10.1 Power supply systems for electrifi ed railway lines
10.2 Requirements concerning HSR railway power supply systems
10.3 Increasing speed in Poland on railway lines with 3 kV DC power supply
10.4 Preparations for implementing a new 25 kV 50 Hz power supply system in Polish railways
10.5 Issues related to integration of a 25 kV AC supply voltage railway line with the existing 3 kV DC infrastructure
10.6 Conclusions

11 Overhead contact line systems for high-speed rails
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Overhead contact line designs used in Poland
11.3 Tests of high-speed overhead contact lines in Poland
11.4 Newly constructed high-speed lines in Poland
11.5 Summary

12 High-speed lines control command and signaling
12.1 Introduction
12.2 Primary signaling
12.3 Control command
12.4 European unified control command
12.5 Polish control command system
12.6 Control command on HS lines in Poland

13 Digital radio communication system for high-speed rail lines in Poland
13.1 Introduction
13.2 General characteristics of GSM-R system
13.3 System GSM-R, architecture and services
13.4 Selected aspects of GSM-R system implementation in Poland
13.5 Summary

14 Significance of rail track diagnostics to high-speed rails
14.1 Introduction
14.2 Hazards in rail track and areas of diagnostics application
14.3 The role of rail track diagnostics in preparation of railway lines for introduction of high speeds
14.4 Diagnostic techniques
14.5 Computer-assisted assessment of rail track survey and observation results
14.6 Summary

15 Requirements relating to designed and modernized engineering structures at high-speed rail lines
15.1 Introduction
15.2 Outline of the new standards assumptions
15.3 Requirements relating to engineering structures at high-speed rail lines
15.4 Summary

16 Diagnostics of structural health of rapid rail transportation
16.1 Introduction
16.2 Introduction to diagnostics of mechanical systems
16.3 Monitoring the rail vehicle – track system
16.4 Computer simulation of the monitoring system
16.5 Structure of the monitoring system
16.6 Prototype of the monitoring system
16.7 Tests of the system under operating conditions
16.8 Summary

17 High-speed rail versus environmental protection
17.1 Introduction
17.2 Law versus environment
17.3 Environmental status in Poland
17.4 High-speed rail versus environment
17.5 Conclusions

18 Personnel education for the high-speed rails needs
18.1 Introduction
18.2 Formal determinants of education
18.3 The outline of contents of the subjects of teaching
18.4 Summary

19 From backwardness to modernity : High-speed rail – the strategic element of national program for development of rail transport – strategic and political considerations
19.1 Problem overview
19.2 Condition of Poland’s railway transport (RLT)
19.3 National program for development of RLT and construction of HSR

20 The effectiveness and financing of the high-speed rail structure
20.1 Introduction
20.2 Methodology of assessing the efficiency of the high-speed rail structure
20.3 Financial effectiveness of the high-speed rail structure in Poland
20.4 Economic effectiveness of the high-speed rail structure in Poland
20.5 Financing sources for building high-speed rail lines in Poland
20.6 Summary

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