The procedure of placing a prosthetic implant in place of a hip joint is called a hip surgery. In severe cases, the only treatment for a hip dysfunction is a surgery. Some of the techniques used while performing the surgery are posterior approach, antero-lateral approach, lateral approach and minimally invasive approach. The various studies that are constantly contributing towards advancing technologies and evolution of this field are examined in detail. A number of latest researches have been included to keep the readers up-to-date with the global concepts in this area of study.