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Turks have been on the world stage for more than a millennium. They ruled the Ottoman Empireone of the world's largest. They were engaged in extensive Westernization. Today, although it is a Muslim country, for some nearby countries Turkey is a leader and a role model, offering a secular, democratic, and modernist alternative to the fundamentalism preached in Iran and elsewhere. After all, despite difficulties and setbacks, Turkey has developed a working party system, and it boasts important assets, including a large but productive population, a strong military, and an exceptional strategic location where Europe, Africa, and Asia meet. Heper traces a large part of this story, the moments of glory as well as those of decline. He begins with the rise of the Ottoman Empire in the thirteenth century and concludes with the present day, covering many significant persins, places, and events as well as important aspects of the economy, politics, culture, and society. A complete bibliography directs interested readers to more specialized sources.
Author Biography: Metin Heper (PhD, Syracuse University), Professor of Political Science at Bilkent University, Ankara, Turkey, was previously Research Associate from Harvard, Lester Martin Fellow at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Fulbright Scholar at the University of Connecticut, and Simon Senior Research Fellow at the University of Manchester. He is co-editor of "State, Democracy, and the Military: Turkey in the 1980s; Political Parties and Democracy in Turkey; Politics in the Third Turkish Republic; Turkey and the West;" and "Islam and Politics in the Modern Middle East;" editor of "Strong State and Economic InterestGroups: The Post-1980 Turkish Experience; The State and Public Bureaucracies;" and "Local Government in Turkey;" and author of "The State Tradition in Turkey."
About the Author
Duygu Öztürk-Tunçel is assistant professor at the Department of Political Science and International Relations of Istanbul Medipol University. Her research interests include Turkish Politics, Greek Politics, Greek-Turkish Relations, Gender and Politics, and Media and Politics.
Nur Bilge Criss retired in 2014 from Bilkent University, Ankara, where she taught Diplomatic History, Turkish Foreign Policy and History of the Cold War. She served as editorial board member for the journals Turkish Studies; The Middle East Review of International Affairs; and Journal of Central Asian Studies, and also as contributing editor to The Journal of American History.
Table of ContentsEditor’s Foreword Jon Woronoff
Acronyms and Abbreviations
A Geography and Resources
B Ottoman Sultans and Turkish Presidents and Prime Ministers
C General Elections in the Republican Period (1923 to the Present)
D Basic Economic Indicators
E Basic Social Indicators
About the Authors