Pub. Date:
MIT Press
Historical Linguistics: An Introduction / Edition 1

Historical Linguistics: An Introduction / Edition 1

by Lyle Campbell


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The new edition of a comprehensive, accessible, and hands-on text in historical linguistics, revised and expanded to reflect recent developments in the field.

This accessible, hands-on textbook not only introduces students to the important topics in historical linguistics but also shows them how to apply the methods described and how to think about the issues. Abundant examples and exercises allow students to focus on how to do historical linguistics. The book is distinctive for its integration of the standard topics with others now considered important to the field, including syntactic change, grammaticalization, sociolinguistic contributions to linguistic change, distant genetic relationships, areal linguistics, and linguistic prehistory. It also offers a defense of the family tree model, a response to recent claims on lexical diffusion/frequency, and a section on why languages diversify and spread. Examples are taken from a broad range of languages; those from the more familiar English, French, German, and Spanish make the topics more accessible, while those from non-Indo-European languages show the depth and range of the concepts they illustrate.

This third edition includes new material based on the latest developments in the field, increased coverage of computational approaches, and additional exercises. Many of the chapters have been revised or expanded, with new coverage of such topics as morphological change, language families, language isolates, language diversity, the Romani migration case, and misconceptions in recent work about historical linguistics. New for this edition is a downloadable instructor's manual with answers to exercises.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780262531597
Publisher: MIT Press
Publication date: 01/15/1999
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 416
Product dimensions: 5.91(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.73(d)

About the Author

Lyle Campbell is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Hawai'i at Manoa. He is the author of American Indian Languages: The Historical Linguistics of Native America and Historical Syntax in Cross-Linguistic Perspective (with Alice C. Harris), both of which won the Linguistic Society of America's prestigious Leonard Bloomfield Book Award, and other books.

Table of Contents

List of Tables
List of Figures and Maps
Phonetic Symbols and Conventions
Phoentic Symbols Chart
1 Introduction
1.1 Introduction
1.2 What is Historical Linguistics About?
1.3 Kinds of Linguistic Changes: An English EXample
1.4 EXercises
2 Sound Change
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Kinds of Sound Change
2.3 Nonphonemic (Allophonic) Changes
2.4 Phonemic Changes
2.5 General Kinds of Sound Changes
2.6 Kinds of Common Sound Changes
2.7 Relative Chronology
2.8 Chain Shifts
2.9 EXercises
3 Borrowing
3.1 Introduction
3.2 What is a Loanword?
3.3 Why do Languages Borrow from One Another?
3.4 How do Words get Borrowed?
3.5 How do We Identify Loanwords and Determine the Direction of
3.6 Loans as Clues to Linguistic Changes in the Past
3.7 What Can Be Borrowed?
3.8 Cultural Inferences
3.9 EXercises
4 Analogical Change
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Proportional Analogy
4.3 Analogical Leveling
4.4 Analogical EXtension
4.5 The Relationship between Analogy and Sound Change
4.6 Analogical Models
4.7 Other Kinds of Analogy
4.8 EXercises
5 The Comparative Method and Linguistic
5.1 Introduction
5.2 The Comparative Method Up Close and Personal
5.3 A Case Study
5.4 IndoEuropean and the Regularity of Sound Change
5.5 Basic Assumptions of the Comparative Method
5.6 How Realistic are Reconstructed Protolanguages?
5.7 EXercises
6 Linguistic Classification
6.1 Introduction
6.2 The World's Language Families
6.3 Terminology
6.4 How to Draw Family Trees: Subgrouping
6.5 Glottochronology(LeXicostatistics)
6.6 EXercises
7 Models of Linguistic Change
7.1 Introduction
7.2 The Familytree Model
7.3 The Challenge from Dialectology and the `Wave
7.4 Dialectology (Linguistic Geography, Dialect Geography)
7.5 A Framework for Investigating the Causes of Linguistic Change
7.6 Sociolinguistics and Language Change
7.7 The Issue of LeXical Diffusion
8 Internal Reconstruction
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Internal Reconstruction Illustrated
8.3 Relative Chronology
8.4 The Limitations of Internal Reconstruction
8.5 Internal Reconstruction and the Comparative Method
8.6 EXercises
9 Syntatic Change
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Mechanisms of Syntactic Change
9.3 Reanalysis and EXtension EXemplified
9.4 Generative Approaches
9.5 Grammaticalisation
9.6 Syntactic Reconstruction
9.7 EXercises
10 Semantic Change and LeXical Change
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Traditional Considerations
10.3 Attempts to EXplain Semantic Change
10.4 Other Kinds of LeXical ChangeNew Words
10.5 EXercises
11 EXplaining Linguistic Change
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Early Theories
11.3 Internal and EXternal Causes
11.4 Interaction of Causal Factors
11.5 EXplanation and Prediction
12 Areal Linguistics
12.1 Introduction
12.2 Defining the Concept
12.3 EXamples of Linguistic Areas
12.4 How to Determine Linguistic Areas
12.5 Implications of Areal Linguistics for Linguistic
Reconstruction and Subgrouping
12.6 Areal Linguistics and Proposals of Distant Genetic
13 Distant Genetic Relationship
13.1 Introduction
13.2 LeXical Comparision
13.3 Sound Correspondences
13.4 Grammatical Evidence
13.5 Borrowing
13.6 Semantic Constraints
13.7 Onomatopoeia
13.8 Nursery Forms
13.9 Short Forms and Unmatched Segments
13.10 Chance Similarities
13.11 SoundMeaning Isomorphism
13.12 Only Linguistic Evidence
13.13 Erroneous Morphological Analysis
13.14 Noncognates
13.15 Spurious Forms
13.16 Methodological Wrapup
14 Philology: The Role of Written Records
14.1 Introduction
14.2 Philology
14.3 EXamples of What Philology Can Contribute
14.4 The Role of Writing
14.5 Getting Historical Linguistic Information for Written Sources
15 Linguistic Prehistory
15.1 Introduction
15.2 IndoEuropean Linguistic Prehistory
15.3 The Methods of Linguistic Prehistory
15.4 Limitations and Cautions
Language IndeX
Name IndeX
Subject IndeX

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