William Martin Leake (1777-1860) was a British military officer and classical scholar interested in reconstructing the topography of ancient cities. He was a founding member of the Royal Geographical Society and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1815. After his retirement in 1815 he devoted the rest of his life to topographical and classical studies. First published in 1826, this second edition contains a detailed discussion of the historical background of and events during the first years of the Greek Revolution (1821-1830). Focusing on the Peloponnese, Leake explores the political and social condition of Greece under the Ottoman Empire, discussing the causes of the Revolution and providing a detailed narrative of its course. This volume, the first scholarly work on the subject, provides a valuable contemporary account by an author who was familiar with both the territory and the peoples that were his subject.
|Publisher:||Cambridge University Press|
|Series:||Cambridge Library Collection - European History Series|
|Product dimensions:||5.50(w) x 8.40(h) x 0.70(d)|
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V peasantry in the plains of Macedonia, Boaotia and Thessaly, in Eubcea, and in all those parts of the country in which the Turks were most numerous. In the Morea and other parts of Greece to the southward of Mount CEta, where the level country is more intersected by mountains, and where conquest was less complete, the Turks were less anxious to establish themselves as feudatories, the convents retained a portion of their landed property, and some parts even of the vallies have remained in the hands of the Greeks either as proprietors or as tenants of the Turkish Emperors, who set apart some of the best districts of this part of Greece as imperial domains, or for the support of the imperial harem, or of the imperial mosques, or of the female relations of the Sultans. In these situations the Christians continued to hold a large portion of the lands on easy conditions ; and having greater facility than elsewhere in making their complaints heard at court, they enjoyed some protection from oppressive governors. In all the islands of the JEgaean, except in some portion of the Asiatic islands of Rhodes, Cos, and Lesbos, the Greeks have always remained in possession of the lands, subject only to the land-tax and capitation. In general, the condition of the peasant underthe Greek proprietor was not much better than under the Turks themselves. It was the inevitable effect of the Turkish system to prompt the Greek, who had acquired power either by property or by office, to exercise it in the oppression of his inferiors. Like the Turkyjfoe Greek landed proprietor often took advantage of distresses which he had himself created, to lend the peasant money at an exorbitant interest, and by payinghimself with the fruits of the labourer's industry at a low valuation, thus reduced him to a c...
Table of Contents
Preface; Historical outline of the Greek revolution; Note.