Historiography and Identity: Responses to Medieval Carmelite Culture

Historiography and Identity: Responses to Medieval Carmelite Culture


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The Carmelites' role as one of the four great mendicant orders was not unchallenged. Originating as an association of hermits on Mount Carmel, the order experienced a dramatic transformation in the thirteenth century while its name was a reminder to origins which were obscure and its first form of religious life was diametrically opposed to the mendicant ministry. In addition the 'White Friars' were unable to find legitimization in a charismatic founder figure, unlike the Franciscans and the Dominicans. These factors led the Carmelites to create an identity finding their roots with the prophets Elijah and Elisha, who appear in texts and were represented in altar pieces and other works of art. The ten articles published in this volume address these underlying issues and deal with the order's historiography as well as its regional representation in different phases of its history. The authors are historians and art historians-some of them members of the Carmelite community-who are working as academics and specialise in the comparative history of religious orders. (Series: Vita regularis-Orders and interpretations of religious life in the Middle Ages / Vita regularis-Ordnungen und Deutungen religiosen Lebens im Mittelalter. Abhandlungen, Vol. 68) [Subject: Religious Studies, History]

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9783643907370
Publisher: Lit Verlag
Publication date: 11/30/2017
Series: Vita regularis - Ordnungen und Deutungen religiosen Lebens im Mittelalter. Abhandlungen , #68
Pages: 216
Product dimensions: 6.50(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

The Construction of Carmelite Identity through the Order's Historiography: An Introduction Coralie Zermatten 3

I The Carmelite Order, A Mendicant Order

Quatuor unum. Positionierung des Karmelitenordens als Bettelorden Joachim Schmidt 12

King Edward II of England and the Carmelites Jens Röhrkasten 39

Carmelite Identity and Orthodoxy: Thomas Netter and the Doctrinale Kevin Alban 63

II The Medieval Construction of the Order's Antiquity

Crusading and Crusaders in Medieval Carmelite Texts: William of Coventry and the Holy Land Andrew Jotischky 80

Mary, Mother of the Carmelites. A Medieval Construction Coralie Zermatten 91

III The Development of the Order's Attributes in the Self-Representation

The Carmelite Altarpiece c. 1290-c. 1550. The Selfidentification of an Order Christa Gardner Von Teuffel 109

Illustrierte Geschichte. Die Bildprogramme von Kreuzgang, Kapitelsaal und Re-fektorium ausgewählter Klöster der Niederdeutschen Provinz des Karmelitenordens Edeltraud Klueting 125

IV Conserving the Past to Construct the Order's Identity in the Late Middle Ages

John Bale: Preserver of Carmel's Past Richard Copsey 145

Karmeliten in Franken: Ein Mendikantenorden am Rande der Erinnerung? Helmut Flachenecker 169

The Development of the Carmelite Order in the Context of the Late Medieval vita religiosa Gert Melville 183

Bibliography 197

Index 199

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