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University of Chicago Press
Historiography: Ancient, Medieval and Modern / Edition 2

Historiography: Ancient, Medieval and Modern / Edition 2

by Ernst Breisach


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In this pioneering work, Ernst Breisach presents an effective, well-organized, and concise account of the development of historiography in Western culture. Neither a handbook nor an encyclopedia, this updated second edition narrates and interprets the development of historiography from its origins in Greek poetry to the present, with sections on such current topics as postmodernism, deconstructionism, black history, women's history, microhistory, Historikerstreit, the linguistic turn, and more.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780226072784
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Publication date: 02/01/1995
Edition description: 1
Pages: 481
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x (d)

About the Author

Ernst Breisach is emeritus professor of history at Western Michigan University.

Table of Contents

1. The Emergence of Greek Historiography
The Timeless Past of Gods and Heroes
Discovering a Past of Human Dimensions
2. The Era of the Polis and Its Historians
The New History of the Polis
The Decline of the Polis: The Loss of Focus
3. Reaching the Limits of Greek Historiography
The History of a Special Decade
Hellenistic Historiography: Beyond the Confines of the Polis
The Problem of New Regions and People
4. Early Roman Historiography
Myths, Greeks, and the Republic
An Early Past Dimly Perceived
The Roman Past and Greek Learning
Greco-Roman History Writing: Triumph and a Latin Response
5. Historians and the Republic's Crisis
History as Inspiration and Structural Analysis
History Divorced from Rome's Fate
6. Perceptions of the Past in Augustan and Imperial Rome
History Writing in the "New Rome" of Augustus
Historians and the Empire
7. The Christian Historiographical Revolution
The Formulation of Early Christian Historiography
The Problem of Continuity in an Age of Upheaval
The Carolingian and Anglo-Saxon Consolidation in Historiography
8. The Historiographical Mastery of New Peoples, States, and Dynasties
Integrating Peoples into Latin Historiography
Legitimizing New States and Dynasties
9. Historians and the Ideal of the Christian Commonwealth
The Last Synthesis of Empire and Christianity
The Persistence of Christian Themes
Histories of a Grand and Holy Venture: The Crusades
10. Historiography's Adjustment to Accelerating Change
The Search for Developmental Patterns
Transformations of the Chronicle
11. Two Turning Points
The Renaissance and The Reformation
The Italian Renaissance Historians
Humanist Revisionism Outside of Italy
The Collapse of Spiritual Unity
12. The Continuing Modification of Traditional Historiography
The Blending of Theoretical and Patriotic Answers
Universal History: A Troubled Tradition
Historians, the New Politics, and New Perceptions of the World
The Origin and Early Forms of American History
13. The Eighteenth-Century Quest for a New Historiography
The Reassessment of Historical Order and Truth
New Views on Historical Truth
New Grand Interpretations: Progress in History
New Grand Interpretations: The Cyclical Pattern
14. The National Responses
The British Blend of Erudition, Elegance, and Empiricism
Enlightenment Historiography in a Germany Key
Recording the Birth of the American Nation
15. Historians as Interpreters of Progress and Nation—I
German Historians: The Causes of Truth and National Unity
France: Historians, the Nation, and Liberty
16. Historians as Interpreters of Progress and Nation—II
English Historiography in the Age of Revolution
Historians and the Building of the American Nation
Historiography's "Golden Age"
17. A First Prefatory Note to Modern Historiography (1860-1914)
18. History and the Quest for a Uniform Science
Comte's Call to Arms and the Response
The German and English Responses to Positivist Challenges
The Peculiar American Synthesis
19. The Discovery of Economic Dynamics
An Economic Perspective on the Past
Karl Marx: Paneconomic History
Economic History after Marx
20. Historians Encounter the Masses
Jubilant and Dark Visions
Social History as Institutional History
The American "New History": Call for a Democratic History
21. The Problem of World History
22. A Second Prefatory Note to Modern Historiography (since 1914)
23. Questions of Historical Truth—The Theoretical Discussion
The New Positivism and the Theory of History
Autonomous History and Its Theories
24. Two Recent Endeavors in "Scientific" History
History in the Language of Numbers
Psychohistory: A Promise and Many Problems
25. The Fading of the Paneconomic Model
Marxist Historiography: Ultimate Meaning or Another Method?
Reshaping Economic History
26. American and French Interpretations of Social History
American Progressive History
The Annales School
27. Redefinitions of Two National Historiographies
The Transformation of German Historiography
Historiography as a Mirror of Postwar America
28. The Enigma of World History
Progress and Westernization
The Multiple Cultures Model
World System Theories
Epilogue - Historiography at the New Turn of Centuries
List of Abbreviations
Index of Persons and Anonymous Works
Index of Subjects

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